Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Journal of Polymer Engineering

Editor-in-Chief: Grizzuti, Nino


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 1.072

CiteScore 2018: 1.17

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.282
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.691

Online
ISSN
2191-0340
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 34, Issue 1

Issues

Morphology, mechanical, bound rubber, swelling, and dynamic mechanical studies of chlorobutyl elastomer nanocomposites: effect of multiwalled carbon nanotube and solvent

Shashi K. Tiwari / Bibhu P. Sahoo / Shyama P. Mahapatra
Published Online: 2013-12-13 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/polyeng-2013-0235

Abstract

Multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) reinforced chlorobutyl elastomer nanocomposites were prepared. The morphology of nanocomposite samples has been studied from scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The effect of MWCNT loadings on mechanical properties shows increase in tensile strength, hardness, and modulus and decrease in elongation at break with MWCNT loadings, which can be attributed toward better chlorobutyl-MWCNT interaction. At higher filler loading, the rate of increase slowly decreases. The above explanation was also verified from bound rubber (BdR) measurements, showing increase in BdR contents with MWCNT loading. Swelling of the nanocomposites in chloroform, benzene, and trichloroethylene was measured and found to be dependent on both MWCNT concentration and the type of solvent used. The degree of swelling, diffusion coefficient, and penetration rate was calculated. The effect of solvent on swelling properties at different periods of time shows that the degree of swelling increases with time and decreases with concentration of MWCNT loading. Dynamic mechanical properties of nanocomposites have been studied as a function of temperature (from -100°C to 100°C) at a constant frequency of 1 Hz and 1% strain. The effect of MWCNT loading on storage modulus, loss modulus, and loss tangent has been studied. The nonlinearity in tan δ and storage modulus and loss modulus was explained on the basis of MWCNT-elastomer interaction. The smooth Cole-Cole plots explain the nonlinearity in the nanocomposites as well as good distribution of MWCNT in the elastomer matrix.

Keywords: chlorobutyl; elastomer; multiwalled carbon nanotube; nanocomposite; solvent

References

  • [1]

    Gojny FH, Wichmann MHG, Fiedler B, Kinloch IA, Bauhofer W, Windle AH, et al. Polymer 2006, 47, 2036–2045.Google Scholar

  • [2]

    Zheng W, Wong SC, Sue HJ. Polymer 2002, 73, 6767.Google Scholar

  • [3]

    Lu W, Lin H, Wu D, Chen G. Polymer 2006, 47, 4440–4444.Google Scholar

  • [4]

    El-Tantawy F, Kamada K, Ohnabe H. Mater. Lett. 2002, 56, 112–126.Google Scholar

  • [5]

    Chung DD. J Mater. Sci. 2004, 39, 2645–2661.Google Scholar

  • [6]

    Sandler JKW, Kirk JE, Kinloch IA, Shaffer MSP, Windle AH. Polymer 2003, 44, 5893–5899.Google Scholar

  • [7]

    Zhang Q, Rastogi S, Chen D, Lippits D, Lemstra PJ. Carbon 2006, 44, 778–785.Google Scholar

  • [8]

    Maa P-C, Siddiqui NA, Maromb G, Kim J-K. Composites Part A 2010, 41, 1345–1367.Google Scholar

  • [9]

    Dutta NK, Tripathy DK. Colloid Polym. Sci. 1991, 269, 331–342.Google Scholar

  • [10]

    Shanmugharaj AM, Bae JH, Lee Noh KY, Lee WH, Ryu SH, Comp SH. Sci. Technol. 2007, 67, 1813–1822.Google Scholar

  • [11]

    Dutta NK, Tripathi DK. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 1992, 44, 1635–1648.Google Scholar

  • [12]

    Fakhrul-Razi A, Atieh MA, Girun N, Chuah TG, El-Sadiq M, Biak DRA. Comput. Struct. 2006, 75, 496–500.Google Scholar

  • [13]

    Bokobza L, Diop AL, Fournier V, Minne JP, Bruneel JL. Macro. Symp. 2005, 87, 230.Google Scholar

  • [14]

    Park IS, Kim KJ, Nam D, Lee J, Yim W. Polym. Eng. Sci. 2007, 47, 1396–1405.Google Scholar

  • [15]

    Pham TT, Sridhar V, Kim JK. Polym. Compos. 2009, 30, 121–130.Google Scholar

  • [16]

    Nanda M, Tripathy DK. eXPRESS Polym. Lett. 2008, 2, 855–865.Google Scholar

  • [17]

    Roychoudhury A, De SK, De PP, Ayala JA, Joyce GA. Rubber Chem. Technol. 1994, 67, 662–671.Google Scholar

  • [18]

    Kwon SC, Adachi T, Araki W, Yamaji A. Acta Mater. 2006, 54, 3369–3374.Google Scholar

  • [19]

    Barr-Howell BD, Peppas NA. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 1985, 30, 4583–4589.Google Scholar

  • [20]

    Passiniemi P. Polymer 1995, 36, 341–344.Google Scholar

  • [21]

    Khinnavar RS, Aminabhavi TM. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 1992, 46, 909–920.Google Scholar

  • [22]

    Wolf CJ, Barnmann JA, Grayson MA. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. Part B Polym. Phys. 1991, 29, 1533–1539.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [23]

    Wolff S, Wang M-J. Carbon black reinforcement of elastomers. In Carbon Black: Science and Technology, Donnet, JB, Bansal, RC, Wang, MJ, Eds., Marcel Dekker: New York, USA, 1993, pp. 289–345.Google Scholar

  • [24]

    Roychoudhury A, De PP. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 1995, 55, 9–15.Google Scholar

  • [25]

    Fua S-Y, Feng X-Q, Lauke B, Mai Y-W. Composites Part B 2008, 39, 933–961.Google Scholar

  • [26]

    Wolff S, Wang MJ, Tan EH. Rubber Chem. Technol. 1993, 66, 163–177.Google Scholar

  • [27]

    Bal S, Samal SS. Bull. Mater. Sci. 2007, 30, 379–386.Google Scholar

  • [28]

    Sahoo BP, Naskar K, Tripathy DK. J. Mater. Sci. 2012, 47, 2421–2433.Google Scholar

  • [29]

    Sridhar V, Gupta BR, Tripathy DK. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2006, 102, 715–720.Google Scholar

  • [30]

    Chakraborty SK, Bhowmick AK, De SK. Polym. Rev. 1981, 21, 313–332.Google Scholar

  • [31]

    Erman B, Mark JE. Macromolecules 1992, 25, 1919.Google Scholar

  • [32]

    Abdel-Ghani SA, Madkour TM, Osman HM, Mohamed AR. Egypt. J. Sol. 2000, 23, 307.Google Scholar

  • [33]

    Bokobza L. Polymer 2007, 48, 4907–4920.Google Scholar

  • [34]

    Angell CA, Ngai KL, McKenna GB, McMillan PF, Martin SW. J. Appl. Phys. 2000, 88, 3113.Google Scholar

  • [35]

    Valentini L, Amentano I, Biagotti J, Kenny JM, Santucci S. Diamond Relat. Mater. 2003, 12, 1601.Google Scholar

  • [36]

    McLachlan DS, Chiteme C, Park C, Wise KE, Lowther SE, Lillehei PT, Siochi EJ, Harrison JS. J. Polym. Sci. Part B Polym. Phys. 2005, 43, 3273–3287.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

About the article

Corresponding author: Shyama P. Mahapatra, National Institute of Technology, Department of Chemistry, Raipur 492010, India, e-mail: ;


Received: 2013-09-15

Accepted: 2013-11-04

Published Online: 2013-12-13

Published in Print: 2014-02-01


Citation Information: Journal of Polymer Engineering, Volume 34, Issue 1, Pages 41–52, ISSN (Online) 2191-0340, ISSN (Print) 0334-6447, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/polyeng-2013-0235.

Export Citation

©2014 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin Boston.Get Permission

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Jun Liu, Haixiao Wan, Huanhuan Zhou, Yancong Feng, Liqun Zhang, and Alexey V. Lyulin
RSC Advances, 2018, Volume 8, Number 23, Page 13008

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in