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Journal of Polymer Engineering

Editor-in-Chief: Grizzuti, Nino

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 1.072

CiteScore 2018: 1.17

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.282
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.691

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Volume 34, Issue 9


Reinforcement of carboxylated acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber (XNBR) with graphene nanoplatelets with varying surface area

Anna Laskowska
  • Corresponding author
  • Institute of Polymer and Dye Technology, Technical University of Lodz, Stefanowskiego 12/16, Lodz 90–924, Poland
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Anna Marzec
  • Institute of Polymer and Dye Technology, Technical University of Lodz, Stefanowskiego 12/16, Lodz 90–924, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Marian Zaborski
  • Institute of Polymer and Dye Technology, Technical University of Lodz, Stefanowskiego 12/16, Lodz 90–924, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Gisele Boiteux
  • Ingénierie des Matériaux Polymères, Université Claude Bernard Lyon1, UMR CNRS 5223, 15 Bd A. Latarjet, 69622 Villeurbanne, France
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2014-03-06 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/polyeng-2013-0149


Graphene nanoplatelets (xGnP-C) with specific surface areas varying from 300 to 750 m2/g were investigated as novel reinforcing fillers for carboxylated acrylonitrile- butadiene rubber (XNBR). The effects of graphene nanoflakes loadings up to 15 parts per hundred rubber (phr) on the rheometric characteristics, stress-strain behavior, crosslink density (ν), resistance to UV radiation and thermo-oxidative aging of the XNBR/ZnO/graphene xGnP-C composites were investigated. Substantial improvement in the mechanical properties of XNBR with increased contents of xGnP-C filler was achieved. It was found that the addition of 5 phr of graphene significantly increased UV stability, tensile strength (TS) and modulus at 100%, 200% and 300% elongation of rubber material. The effect was more pronounced for composites containing graphene with the highest specific surface area 750 m2/g. The chemical information on the functional groups on the xGnP-C surface was obtained by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) method. In this case, the reinforcing effect of graphene xGnP-C may result from an additional chemical bonding which is possible between the -COOH groups of the rubber and the reactive, oxygen-containing groups on the filler surface.

Keywords: carboxylated acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber; elastomeric composites; graphene; mechanical properties; UV stability


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About the article

Corresponding author: Anna Laskowska, Institute of Polymer and Dye Technology, Technical University of Lodz, Stefanowskiego 12/16, Lodz 90–924, Poland, e-mail:

Received: 2013-06-25

Accepted: 2014-01-26

Published Online: 2014-03-06

Published in Print: 2014-12-01

Citation Information: Journal of Polymer Engineering, Volume 34, Issue 9, Pages 883–893, ISSN (Online) 2191-0340, ISSN (Print) 0334-6447, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/polyeng-2013-0149.

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