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Journal of Polymer Engineering

Editor-in-Chief: Grizzuti, Nino


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 1.072

CiteScore 2018: 1.17

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.282
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.691

Online
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2191-0340
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Volume 37, Issue 5

Issues

Fabrication of chitosan/PEO nanofiber mats with mica by electrospinning

Qi Chen
  • Key Laboratory of Rubber-Plastics (QUST), Ministry of Education, School of Polymer Science and Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, 266042, China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Zhen Xiang Xin
  • Key Laboratory of Rubber-Plastics (QUST), Ministry of Education, School of Polymer Science and Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, 266042, China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Prosenjit Saha
  • Department of Materials Engineering and Convergence Technology, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Gyeongnam, 660-701, Korea (Republic of)
  • M.N.Dastur School of Materials Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology (IIEST), Shibpur, Howrah-711103, India
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Jin Kuk Kim
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Materials Engineering and Convergence Technology, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Gyeongnam, 660-701, Korea (Republic of)
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2016-09-17 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/polyeng-2015-0542

Abstract

Chitosan (CS) is an excellent biocompatible natural antibacterial material that has attracted researchers to study its biological applications as artificial tissue scaffolds and wound-healing materials. In this research, CS has been mixed with polyethylene oxide (PEO) and mica at various weight ratios to prepare nanofibers; however, it is found to be a difficult task to prepare the nanofiber using pure CS. The composite in form of nanofibrous mat was prepared with CS/PEO solution and CS/PEO/mica solution using electrospinning. Processing conditions were adjusted to a flow rate of 6 ml/min, with an applied voltage of 27 kV. The distance of capillary tip to target was kept about 10 cm at 25°C with a collector having a speed of 200 rpm. The spinnability of solutions was also evaluated by using both plate and cylinder collectors. The composite mats were analyzed in detail using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis, and X-ray diffractogram (XRD). SEM photomicrograms indicated that the morphology and diameter of the nanofibers were affected by weight ratio of CS/PEO, concentration of mica, and types of collector. Furthermore, mica was incorporated in the CS/PEO matrix to enhance the specific surface area. Molecular interactions between CS/PEO and mica were investigated using FTIR and XRD.

Keywords: chitosan; electrospinning; mica; poly(ethylene oxide); wound dressing

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About the article

Received: 2015-12-28

Accepted: 2016-08-09

Published Online: 2016-09-17

Published in Print: 2017-05-24


Citation Information: Journal of Polymer Engineering, Volume 37, Issue 5, Pages 461–470, ISSN (Online) 2191-0340, ISSN (Print) 0334-6447, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/polyeng-2015-0542.

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