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Polish Polar Research

The Journal of Committee on Polar Research of Polish Academy of Sciences

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Studies on diversity of soil microfungi in the Hornsund area, Spitsbergen

Siti Hafizah Hafizah
  • Institute of Biological Science, Faculty of Science, University Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • National Antarctic Research Center, IPS Building, University Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
/ Siti Aisyah Alias
  • Corresponding author
  • Institute of Biological Science, Faculty of Science, University Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • National Antarctic Research Center, IPS Building, University Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Email:
/ Hii Yii Siang
  • Institute of Oceanography and Environment, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia
/ Jerzy Smykla
  • Zakład Bioróżnorodności, Instytut Ochrony Przyrody PAN, al. Mickiewicza 33, 31−120 Kraków, Poland
  • Department of Biology and Marine Biology, University of North Carolina Wilmington, 601 S. College Rd., Wilmington, NC 28403, USA
/ Ka−Lai Pang
  • Institute of Marine Biology and Center of Excellence for Marine Bioenvironment and Biotechno− logy, National Taiwan Ocean University, 2 Pei−Ning Road, Keelung 202−24, Taiwan (R.O.C.)
/ Sheng−Yu Guo
  • Institute of Marine Biology and Center of Excellence for Marine Bioenvironment and Biotechno− logy, National Taiwan Ocean University, 2 Pei−Ning Road, Keelung 202−24, Taiwan (R.O.C.)
/ Peter Convey
  • National Antarctic Research Center, IPS Building, University Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ET, United Kingdom
Published Online: 2013-02-26 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/popore-2013-0006

Abstract

We assessed culturable soil microfungal diversity in various habitats around Hornsund, Spitsbergen in the High Arctic, using potato dextrose agar (PDA) medium. Thermal growth classification of the fungi obtained was determined by incubating them in 4°C and 25°C, permitting separation of those with psychrophilic, psychrotolerant and mesophilic char− acteristics. In total, 68 fungal isolates were obtained from 12 soil samples, and grouped into 38 mycelial morphotypes. Intergenic spacer regions of these morphotypes were sequenced, and they represented 25 distinct taxonomic units, of which 21 showed sufficient similarity with available sequence data in NCBI to be identified to species level. Soil under ornithogenic influence showed the highest species diversity, including sequences assigned to Mortierella macrocystis, M. elongata, Mortierella sp., Cudoniella sp., Varicosporium elodeae, Beauveria bassiana, Geomyces pannorum, Penicillium sp. and Atradidymella muscivora. Fourteen taxa were classified as psychrophilic, seven mesophilic, and four psychrotolerant.

Keywords : Arctic; Svalbard; soil microbiology; microfungi

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About the article

Published Online: 2013-02-26

Published in Print: 2013-03-01


Citation Information: Polish Polar Research, ISSN (Online) 2081-8262, ISSN (Print) 0138-0338, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/popore-2013-0006.

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