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Polish Polar Research

The Journal of Committee on Polar Research of Polish Academy of Sciences

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2081-8262
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Volume 34, Issue 3 (Jun 2013)

The Atlantic spiny lumpsucker Eumicrotremus spinosus: life history traits and the seemingly unlikely interaction with the pelagic amphipod Themisto libellula

Jørgen Berge
  • Corresponding author
  • University of Tromsø, Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and Economy, N−9037 Tromsø, Norway
  • University Centre in Svalbard, Pb 156, N−9171 Longyearbyen, Norway
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Jasmine Nahrgang
  • University of Tromsø, Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and Economy, N−9037 Tromsø, Norway
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2013-10-03 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/popore-2013-0013

Abstract

During a cruise to Svalbard in September 2012 a unique collection of the little known but widely distributed Atlantic spiny lumpsucker (Eumicrotremus spinosus) was made in the Hinlopen Strait. A total of 140 individuals (36-101mm total length) were collected using a bottom trawl. All individuals were sexed and 26 of these were also analysed for gonadosomatic index (GSI), hepatosomatic index (HSI) and stomach content. The sex ratio of the entire sample showed a strong bias towards females (75% of all examined specimens). The GSI ranged from 1.4 to 5.8% except for one female with a GSI of 20%. All females carried gonads in which eggs were clearly visible, independent of size, indicative of an early sexual maturation and an iteroparous life cycle of females. All examined specimens had almost an exclusively pelagic diet, with Themisto libellula constituting 100% of the stomach content in 80% of the examined fishes. The results are discussed in relation to diel vertical migration of Arctic zooplankton and deep migrating layers.

Keywords: Arctic; Eumicrotremus spinosus; Themisto libellula; DVM

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About the article

Published Online: 2013-10-03

Published in Print: 2013-06-01


Citation Information: Polish Polar Research, ISSN (Online) 2081-8262, ISSN (Print) 0138-0338, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/popore-2013-0013.

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