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Polish Polar Research

The Journal of Committee on Polar Research of Polish Academy of Sciences

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Volume 34, Issue 3 (Jun 2013)

Extracellular hydrolytic enzyme production by proteolytic bacteria from the Antarctic

Mauro Tropeano / Susana Vázquez
  • Corresponding author
  • Cátedra de Microbiología Industrial y Biotecnología, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Junín 956 (1113) Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Rivadavia 1917 (1033) Buenos Aires, Argentina
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  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Silvia Coria / Adrián Turjanski
  • Departamento de Química Inorgánica, Analítica y Química Física/INQUIMAE−CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria, Pabellón 2 (1428) Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Departamento de Química Biológica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria, Pabellón 2 (1428) Buenos Aires, Argentina
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/ Daniel Cicero
  • Fundación Instituto Leloir, Patricias Argentinas 435 (1405) Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Department of Chemical Science and Technology, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Via del Politecnico 1 (00133) Rome, Italy
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/ Andrés Bercovich / Walter Mac Cormack
  • Cátedra de Microbiología Industrial y Biotecnología, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Junín 956 (1113) Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Instituto Antártico Argentino, Cerrito 1248 (1026) Buenos Aires, Argentina
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2013-10-03 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/popore-2013-0014

Abstract

Cold−adapted marine bacteria producing extracellular hydrolytic enzymes are important for their industrial application and play a key role in degradation of particulate organic matter in their natural environment. In this work, members of a previously−obtained protease−producing bacterial collection isolated from different marine sources from Potter Cove (King George Island, South Shetlands) were taxonomically identified and screened for their ability to produce other economically relevant enzymes. Eighty−eight proteolytic bacterial isolates were grouped into 25 phylotypes based on their Amplified Ribosomal DNA Restriction Analysis profiles. The sequencing of the 16S rRNA genes from representative isolates of the phylotypes showed that the predominant culturable protease−producing bacteria belonged to the class Gammaproteobacteria and were affiliated to the genera Pseudomonas, Shewanella, Colwellia, and Pseudoalteromonas, the latter being the predominant group (64% of isolates). In addition, members of the classes Actinobacteria, Bacilli and Flavobacteria were found. Among the 88 isolates screened we detected producers of amylases (21), pectinases (67), cellulases (53), CM−cellulases (68), xylanases (55) and agarases (57). More than 85% of the isolates showed at least one of the extracellular enzymatic activities tested, with some of them producing up to six extracellular enzymes. Our results confirmed that using selective conditions to isolate producers of one extracellular enzyme activity increases the probability of recovering bacteria that will also produce additional extracellular enzymes. This finding establishes a starting point for future programs oriented to the prospecting for biomolecules in Antarctica.

Keywords: Antarctic; marine bacteria; cold enzymes; psychrophiles

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About the article

Published Online: 2013-10-03

Published in Print: 2013-06-01


Citation Information: Polish Polar Research, ISSN (Online) 2081-8262, ISSN (Print) 0138-0338, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/popore-2013-0014.

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