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Polish Polar Research

The Journal of Committee on Polar Research of Polish Academy of Sciences

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Volume 34, Issue 3 (Jun 2013)

Distribution, genesis, and properties of Arctic soils: a case study from the Fuglebekken catchment, Spitsbergen

Wojciech Szymański
  • Corresponding author
  • Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Instytut Geografii i Gospodarki Przestrzennej, Zakład Gleboznawstwa i Geografii Gleb, ul. Gronostajowa 7, 30−387 Kraków, Poland
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/ Stefan Skiba
  • Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Instytut Geografii i Gospodarki Przestrzennej, Zakład Gleboznawstwa i Geografii Gleb, ul. Gronostajowa 7, 30−387 Kraków, Poland
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Bronisław Wojtuń
  • Uniwersytet Wrocławski, Katedra Ekologii, Biogeochemii i Ochrony Środowiska, ul. Kanonia 6/8, 50−328 Wrocław, Poland
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Published Online: 2013-10-03 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/popore-2013-0017

Abstract

This paper presents distribution and properties of soils within the Fuglebekken catchment in neighbourhood of the Polish Polar Station in Hornsund, SW Spitsbergen (Svalbard Archipelago). The present study describes 8 representative soil profiles out of 34 profiles studied for the whole catchment. Soils of the Fuglebekken catchment show initial stage of their formation because of very slow rate of chemical and biological weathering in Arctic climate conditions. Upliftedmarine terraces of the Fuglebekken catchment are characterized by domination of Haplic Cryosolswhich are related to stony and gravelly parent material (reworked marine sediments). Such soils constitute of 17% of the studied area. Turbic Cryosols forming characteristic micro−relief occur on flat surfaces and gentle slopes. Such soils (covering 7% of the catchment) are formed from loamy parent material. Along streams Hyperskeletic Cryosols (Reductaquic) and Turbic Histic Cryosols occur. The last two soil units (constituting 11% of the catchment) are mantled by continuous and dense vegetation cover (especially mosses) due to high content of water rich in nutrients flowing from colonies of sea birds located on slopes of Ariekammen and Fugleberget. The studied soils are generally characterized by shallowoccurrence of permafrost (i.e. at 30-50 cm), high content of pebbles, sandy or sandy loam texture, and neutral or slightly alkaline reaction. Soils occurring along streams and near colonies of sea birds show higher content of nutrients (N and P) in comparison with other soils and are covered by more dense vegetation. This indicates important impact of bird guano on chemical composition of soil solution and fertility of such soils.

Keywords: Arctic; Svalbard; Cryosols; cryoturbation; permafrost

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About the article

Published Online: 2013-10-03

Published in Print: 2013-06-01


Citation Information: Polish Polar Research, ISSN (Online) 2081-8262, ISSN (Print) 0138-0338, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/popore-2013-0017.

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