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Polish Polar Research

The Journal of Committee on Polar Research of Polish Academy of Sciences

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New insights into the 21 November 2000 tsunami in West Greenland from analyses of the tree−ring structure of Salix glauca

Agata Buchwał
  • Instytut Geoekologii i Geoinformacji, Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza, ul. Dzięgielowa 27, 61−680 Poznań, Poland
  • Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alaska Anchorage, Ecosystem and Biomedical Lab, 3151 Alumni Loop, Anchorage, Alaska 99508, USA
  • Email:
/ Witold Szczuciński
  • Corresponding author
  • Instytut Geologii, Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza, ul. Maków Polnych 16, 61 606 Poznań, Poland
  • Email:
/ Mateusz C. Strzelecki
  • Zakład Geomorfologii, Uniwersytet Wrocławski, pl. Uniwersytecki 1, 50 137 Wrocław, Poland
  • Email:
/ Antony J. Long
  • Department of Geography, Durham University, Lower Mountjoy, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
  • Email:
Published Online: 2015-03-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/popore-2015-0005

Abstract

We test the application of dendrochronological methods for dating and assessing the environmental impacts of tsunamis in polar regions, using an example of the 21 Novem− ber 2000 landslide−generated tsunami in Vaigat Strait (Sullorsuaq Strait), West Greenland. The studied tsunami inundated a c. 130 m−wide coastal plain with seawater, caused erosion of beaches and top soil and covered the area with an up to 35 cm−thick layer of tsunami de− posits composed of sand and gravel. Samples of living shrub, Salix glauca (greyleaf wil− low) were collected in 2012 from tsunami−flooded and non−flooded sites. The tree−ring analyses reveal unambiguously that the tsunami−impacted area was immediately colonized during the following summer by rapidly growing shrubs, whilst one of our control site spec− imens records evidence for damage that dates to the time of the tsunami. This demonstrates the potential for dendrochronological methods to act as a precise tool for the dating of Arc− tic paleotsunamis, as well as rapid post−tsunami ecosystem recovery. The reference site shrubs were likely damaged by solifluction in the autumn 2000 AD that was triggered by high seasonal rainfall, which was itself a probable contributory factor to the tsunami−gener− ating landslide.

Keywords: Arctic,Greenland; tsunami; dendrochronology; Salix glauca; plant colonization

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About the article

Received: 2015-02-17

Accepted: 2015-03-10

Published Online: 2015-03-25

Published in Print: 2015-03-01


Citation Information: Polish Polar Research, ISSN (Online) 2081-8262, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/popore-2015-0005. Export Citation

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