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Crinoids from Svalbard in the aftermath of the end−Permian mass extinction

Mariusz A. Salamon
  • Wydział Nauk o Ziemi, Uniwersytet Śląski, ul. Będzińska 60, 41−200 Sosnowiec, Poland
  • Email:
/ Przemysław Gorzelak
  • Corresponding author
  • Instytut Paleobiologii, Polska Akademia Nauk, ul. Twarda 51/55, 00−818 Warszawa, Poland
  • Email:
/ Nils−Martin Hanken
  • Department of Geology, UiT – The Arctic University of Norway, NO−9037 Tromsø, Norway
  • Email:
/ Henrik Erevik Riise
  • Department of Geology, UiT – The Arctic University of Norway, NO−9037 Tromsø, Norway
  • Halliburton, Sperry Drilling, P.O. Box 200, NO−4065 Stavanger, Norway
  • Email:
/ Bruno Ferré
  • Dame du Lac 213, 3 rue Henri Barbusse, F−76300 Sotteville−lès−Rouen, France
  • Email:
Published Online: 2015-09-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/popore-2015-0015


The end-Permian mass extinction constituted a major event in the history of crinoids. It led to the demise of the major Paleozoic crinoid groups including cladids, disparids, flexibles and camerates. It is widely accepted that a single lineage, derived from a late Paleozoic cladid ancestor (Ampelocrinidae), survived this mass extinction. Holocrinid crinoids (Holocrinus, Holocrinida) along with recently described genus Baudicrinus (Encrinida), the only crinoid groups known from the Early Triassic, are considered the stem groups for the post-Paleozoic monophyletic subclass Articulata. Here, we report preliminary data on unexpectedly diverse crinoid faunas comprising at least four orders from the Lower Triassic (Induan and Olenekian) of Svalbard, extending their stratigraphic ranges deeper into the early Mesozoic. These findings strongly imply that the recovery of crinoids in the aftermath of the end-Permian extinction began much earlier at higher palaeolatitudes than in the central Tethys.

Keywords: Arctic; Svalbard; echinoderms; crinoids; P/T extinction; recovery


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About the article

Received: 2015-07-06

Accepted: 2015-08-10

Published Online: 2015-09-25

Published in Print: 2015-09-01

Citation Information: Polish Polar Research, ISSN (Online) 2081-8262, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/popore-2015-0015. Export Citation

© Polish Academy of Sciences. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

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