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Polish Psychological Bulletin

The Journal of Committee for Psychological Sciences of Polish Academy of Sciences

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CiteScore 2016: 0.33

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Volume 42, Issue 3 (Jan 2011)


Psychosocial coping resources and health among Germans and Poles

Harry Schrőder / Konrad Reschke / Angelika Gärtner / Łukasz Kaczmarek / Helena Sęk / Michał Ziarko / Tomasz Pasikowski
Published Online: 2012-04-04 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10059-011-0016-8

Psychosocial coping resources and health among Germans and Poles

Culture has a substantial impact on mechanism of coping with stress and related health outcomes. We proposed a model emphasizing the mediating role of coping resources and competences in the relationship between controllability of demands in professional/educational life and health in the cross-cultural context. The model is based on the transactional model of stress. 595 participants from East Germany, West Germany and Poland completed: Sense of Coherence Scale SOC-9, Self-Esteem Scale, Social Support Scale, Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale, Proactive Coping Inventory, Scale of Demands in Professional Life, Brief Stress Scale, Satisfaction with Life Scale and Mental Health Questionnaire. The results have shown the general cross-cultural validity of the proposed mediational model but also indicated some cultural differences in the determinants of health. Germans had higher self-esteem and social support. Poles had higher self-efficacy and used proactive coping strategies more often. Self-esteem was the strongest predictor of mental health in both nations. We discussed the results within a broad interpretive framework of social transitions.

Keywords: stress; coping resources; mental health; satisfaction with life; social transition

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About the article

Published Online: 2012-04-04

Published in Print: 2011-01-01

Citation Information: Polish Psychological Bulletin, ISSN (Print) 0079-2993, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10059-011-0016-8.

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