Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
In This Section

Polish Psychological Bulletin

The Journal of Committee for Psychological Sciences of Polish Academy of Sciences

4 Issues per year

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.151
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.186
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2015: 0.144

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
In This Section
Volume 42, Issue 3 (Jan 2011)


Modelling Excessive Internet Use:s Revision of R. Davis's Cognitive-Behavioural Model of Pathological Internet Use

Katarzyna Kaliszewska-Czeremska
  • Institute of Psychology, Adam Mickiewicz University, ul. Szamarzewskiego 89, 60-578 Poznań, Poland
Published Online: 2012-04-04 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10059-011-0018-6

Modelling Excessive Internet Use:s Revision of R. Davis's Cognitive-Behavioural Model of Pathological Internet Use

This article proposes a new model of excessive Internet use. The point of departure for the present study was the Cognitive-Behavioural Model of Pathological Internet Use developed by R. Davis (2001). The original model was modified so as to improve its explanatory power. Data were collected from 405 participants aged from 18 to 55 in various Polish towns and cities. The following instruments were administered to the participants: The Temperament and Character Inventory, J. Kuhl's Action Control Scale, The Berlin Social Support Scale, The Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations, The Excessive Internet Use Risk Scale, The Reasons for Internet Use and the Personal Data Questionnaire. The new model of excessive Internet use was empirically tested and proved to be satisfactory.

Keywords: excessive Internet use; model of excessive Internet use; Excessive Internet Use Risk Scale; Cognitive-Behavioural Model of Pathological Internet Use

  • Amichai-Hamburger, Y., & Ben-Artzi, E. (2003). The relationship between extraversion and neuroticism and the different uses of the Internet. Computer in Human Behavior, 16, 441-449.Google Scholar

  • Amichai-Hamburger, Y., & Ben-Artzi, E. (2003). Loneliness and Internet use. Computer in Human Behavior, 19, 71-80.Google Scholar

  • Augustynek, A. (2001). Osobowościowe determinanty zachowań internetowych [Personality determinants of Internet behaviour]. In L. Haber (Eds.), Mikrospołeczność informacyjna na przykładzie miasteczka internetowego Akademii Górniczo-Hutniczej w Krakowie [An IT micro-community: The Internet village at the AGS University of Science and Technology in Cracow] (pp. 63-90). Kraków: Uczelniane Wydawnictwa Naukowo-Dydaktyczne.Google Scholar

  • Baumeister, R., Heatherton, T., & Tice, D. (1994). Losing Control: How and Why people Fail at Self-Regulation. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.Google Scholar

  • Beard, K. W., & Wolf, E. M. (2001). Modification in the proposed diagnostic criteria for Internet addiction. CyberPsychology and Behavior, 4, 377-383.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Byun, S., Ruffini, C., Mills, J. E., Douglas, A. C., Niang, M., Stepchenkova, S., Lee, S. K., Loutfi, J., Lee, J. K., Atallah, M., & Blanton, M. (2009). Internet Addiction: Metasynthesis of 1996-2006 Quantitative Research. CyberPsychology and Behavior, 12 (2), 203-207.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Caplan, S. E. (2002). Problematic Internet use and psychosocial well-being: development of a theory-based cognitive-behavioral measurement instrument. Computer in Human Behavior, 18, 553-575.Google Scholar

  • Caplan, S. E. (2007). Relations among loneliness, social anxiety, and problematic Internet use. CyberPsychology and Behavior, 10, 234-241.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Caplan, S. E. (2010). Theory and measurement of generalized problematic Internet use: a two-step approach. Computer in Human Behavior, 26, 1087-1097.Google Scholar

  • CBOS (2009). Korzystanie z Internetu. Raport [Using the Internet. Research Report]. Available from http://www.slideshare.net/szakatak/raport-cbos-korzystanie-z-internetu

  • Cheung, C. M. K., Chiu, P. Y., & Lee, M. K. O. (2011). Online social networks: Why do students use facebook? Computers in Human Behavior, 27, 1337-1343.Google Scholar

  • Cho, S. C., Kim, J. W., Kim, B. N., Lee, J. H., & Kim, E. H. (2008). Biogenetic temperament and character profiles and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms in Korean adolescents with problematic Internet use. CyberPsychology and Behavior, 11 (6), 735-737.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Cloninger, C. R. (1994a). Temperament and personality. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 4 (2), 266-273.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Cloninger, C. R. (1994b). The genetic structure of personality and lerning. A phylogenetic model. Clinical Genetics, 46 (1), 124-137.Google Scholar

  • Cloninger, C. R. (1997). A psychobiologicl model of personality and psychopathology. Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine, 37 (2), 91-102.Google Scholar

  • Davis, R. A. (2001). A cognitive-behavioral model of pathological Internet use (PIU). Computer in Human Behavior, 17, 187-195.Google Scholar

  • Davis, R. A., Flett, G. L., & Besser, A. (2002). Validation of a New Scale for Measuring Problematic Internet Use: Implications for Preemployment Screening. CyberPsychology and Behavior, 5, 331-345.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Endler, N. S., Parker, J. D. A. (1990). The multidimensional assessment of coping: A critical evaluation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58, 844-854.Google Scholar

  • Endler, N. S., Parker, J. D. A. (1990). Coping Inventary for Stressful Situations (CISS): Manual. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.Google Scholar

  • Endler, N. S., Parker, J. D. A. (1994). Assessment of multidimensional coping: Task emotion and avoidance strategies. Psychological Assessment, 6, 50-60.Google Scholar

  • Goldberg, I. (1995). Internet addiction disorder. Available from http://www.cybernothing.org/jdfalk/mediacoverage/archive/msg01305.html

  • Griffiths, M., Miller, H., Gillespie, T., & Sparrow, P. (1998). Internet usage and ‘internet addiction’ in students and its implications for learning. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 15, 85-90.Google Scholar

  • Griffiths, M. (2000). Internet addiction - time to be taken seriously? Addiction Research, 5, 413-418.Google Scholar

  • Hardie, E., Tee, M. Y. (2007). Excessive internet use: the role of personality, loneliness and social support networks in Internet addiction. Australian Journal of Emerging Technologies and Society, 5, 34-47.Google Scholar

  • Hauser, J., Hornowska, E., Rybakowska, F., Samochowiec, J., Zakrzewska, M., & Czerski, P. (2003). Polska wersja kwestionariusza Temperament and Character Inventory R. C. Cloningera [The Polish version of R. C. Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory]. Studia Psychologiczne, 41(2), 159-179.Google Scholar

  • Hills, P., & Argyle, M. (2003). Uses of the Internet and their relationships with individual differences in personality. Computer in Human Behavior, 19, 59-70.Google Scholar

  • Hornowska. E. (2003). Temperamentalne uwarunkowania zachowań. Badania z wykorzystaniem kwestionariusza TCI R. C. Cloningera [Temperamental determinants of behaviour. Studies using R. C. Cloninger's TCI]. Poznań: Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe.Google Scholar

  • Jöreskog, K. G., & Sorbom, D. (1996). LISREL 8: User's Reference Guide. Chicago: Scientific Software International.Google Scholar

  • Kaliszewska, K. (2007). Skale Ryzyka Nadmiernego Używania Internetu. ASK [The Excessive Internet Use Risk Scales. ASK]. Społeczeństwo, Badania, Metody, 16, 115-131.Google Scholar

  • Kaliszewska, K. (2007a). Nadmierne używanie Internetu. Charakterystyka psychologiczna [Excessive Internet use. Psychological characteristics]. Poznań: Adam Mickiewicz University Press.Google Scholar

  • Knoll, N., & Schwarzer, R. (2004). "Prawdziwych przyjaciół…". Wsparcie społeczne, stres, choroba i śmierć ["Real friends…". Social support, stress, illness and Heath]. In H. Sęk, & R. Cieślak (Eds.), Wsparcie społeczne, stres i zdrowie [Social support, stress and health] (pp. 29-48). Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.Google Scholar

  • Ko, C. H., Yen, J. Y., Chen, C. C., Chen, S. H., Wu, K., & Yen, C. F. (2006). Tridimensional personality of adolescents with Internet addiction and substance use experience. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 51 (14), 887-894.Google Scholar

  • Kraut, R., Patterson, M., & Lundmark, V. (1998). Internet paradox: a social technology that reduces social involvement and psychological well-being? American Psychologist, 53 (9), 1017-1031.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Kraut, R., Kiesler, S., Boneva, B., Cummings, J., Helgeson, V., & Crawford, A. (2002). Internet paradox revisited. Journal of Social Issues, 58 (1), 49-74.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Kuhl, J. (1994a). A theory of action and state orientations. In: J. Kuhl & J. Beckmann (Eds.), Volition and Personality. Action versus orientation (pp. 9-46). Göttingen: Hogrefe & Huber Publisher.Google Scholar

  • Kuhl, J. (1994b). Action versus state orientation: Psychometric properties of the Action Control Scale (ACS). In: J. Kuhl & J. Beckmann (Eds.), Volition and Personality. Action versus orientation (pp. 47-59). Göttingen: Hogrefe & Huber Publisher.Google Scholar

  • Lee, Y., Han, D., Yang, K., Daniels, M., Na, C., Kee, B., Renshaw, P. (2009). Depression like characteristics of 5HTTLPR polymorphism and temperament in excessive Internet users. Journal of Affective Disorders, 109 (1), 165-169.Google Scholar

  • Lin, S. S. J., & Tsai, C. (2002). Sensation seeking and Internet dependence of Taiwanese high school adolescents. Computer in Human Behavior, 18, 411-426.Google Scholar

  • Łuszczyńska, A., Kowalska, M., Schwarzer, R., & Shulz, U. (2002). Berlin Social Support Scales (BSSS) - Polish Version. Available from http://userpage.fu-berlin.de/~health/soc_pol.html

  • Łuszczyńska, A., Kowalska, M., Mazurkiewicz, M., & Schwarzer, R. (2006). Berlińskie Skale Wsparcia Społecznego (BSSS): Wyniki wstępnych badań nad adaptacją skal i ich własnościami psychometrycznymi [The Berlin Social Support Scales (BSSS): Results of a preliminary study of scale adaptation and psychometric properties]. Studia Psychologiczne, 44(3), 17-27.Google Scholar

  • Marszał-Wiśniewska, M. (2002). Adaptacja Skali Kontroli Działania J. Kuhla (ACS-90) [Adaptation of J. Kuhl's Action Control Scale (ACS-90)]. Studia Psychologiczne, 40 (2), 77-106.Google Scholar

  • Mitchell, M. E., Lebow, J. R., Uribe, R., Grathouse, H., & Shoger, W. (2011). Internet use, happiness, social support and introversion: A more fine grained analysis of person variables and internet activity. Computer in Human Behavior, 27, 1857-1861.Google Scholar

  • Morahan-Martin, J., & Schumacher, P. (2003). Loneliness and social uses of the Internet. Computer in Human Behavior, 19, 659-671.Google Scholar

  • Morahan-Martin, J., & Schumacher, P. (2000). Incidence and correlates of pathological Internet use among college students. Computer in Human Behavior, 16, 13-29.Google Scholar

  • Mottram, A. J., & Fleming, M. J. (2009). Extraversion, impulsivity, and online group membership as predictors of problematic Internet use. CyberPsychology and Behavior, 12 (3), 319-321.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Poprawa, R. (2007). Charakterystyka problematycznego używania Internetu wśród Polskich internautów [Problematic Internet use among Polish Internet users]. In M. Sokołowski (Eds.), Oblicza Internetu. Architektura sieci [The different faces of the Internet. The www architecture] (pp. 35-47). Elbląg: Wydawnictwo Państwowej Wyższej Szkoły Zawodowej w Elblągu.Google Scholar

  • Ratajczak, Z. (1996). Stres - radzenie sobie - koszty psychologiczne [Stress - coping - psychological costs]. In I. Heszen-Niejodek, & Z. Ratajczak (Eds.), Człowiek w sytuacji stresu. Problemy teoretyczne i metodologiczne [People under stress. Theoretical and methodological issues] (pp. 65-86). Katowice: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego.Google Scholar

  • Schwarzer, R., & Shulz, U. (2000). Berlin Social Support Scales (BSSS). Available from http://userpage.fu-berlin.de/~health/bsss.htm

  • Sęk, H. (2001). Wprowadzenie do psychologii klinicznej [Introduction to clinical psychology]. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe "Scholar".Google Scholar

  • Shapira, N. A., Goldsmith, T. D., & Keck, P. E. (2000). Psychiatric features of individuals with problematic Internet use. Journal of Affective Disorders, 57, 267-272.Google Scholar

  • Shapira, N. A., Lessig, M. C., Goldsmith, T. D., Szabo, S. T., Lazoritz, M., Gold, M. S., & Stein, D. J. (2003). Problematic Internet Use: proposed classification and diagnostic criteria. Depression and Anxiety, 17, 207-216.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Strelau, J., Jaworowska, A., Wrześniewski, K., & Szczepaniak, P. (2005). Kwestionariusz Radzenia sobie w Sytuacjach Stresowych. Podręcznik. The Coping in Stressful Situations Inventory. Manual]. Warszawa: Pracownia Testów Psychologicznych Polskiego Towarzystwa Psychologicznego.Google Scholar

  • Suler, J. (1996/1999). The psychology of cyberspace. Available from http://www.rider.edu/-suler/psycyber/psycyber.html

  • Swickert, J. R., Hittner, J. B., Harris, J. L., & Herring, J. A. (2002). Relationships among Internet use, personality, and social support. Computer in Human Behavior, 18, 437-451.Google Scholar

  • Tao, R., Huang, X., Wang, J., Zhang, H., Zhang, Y., & Li, M. (2010). Proposed diagnostic criteria for internet addiction. Addiction, 105, 556-564.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Velezmoro, R., Lacefield, K., & Roberti, J. W. (2010). Perceived stress, sensation seeking, and college students' abuse of the Internet. Computer in Human Behavior, 26, 1526-1530.Google Scholar

  • Wallace, P. M. (2001). The Psychology of the Internet. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Weinstein, A., Lejoyeux, M. (2010). Internet Addiction or Excessive Internet Use. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 36, 277-283.Google Scholar

  • Weiser, E. B. (2001). The functions of Internet use and their social and psychological consequences. CyberPsychology and Behavior, 4, 723-743.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Young, K. S. (1996). Internet addiction. The emergence of a new clinical disorder. Center for On-Line Addictions, 1996. Available from http://www.netaddiction.com/articles/newdisorder.html

About the article

Published Online: 2012-04-04

Published in Print: 2011-01-01

Citation Information: Polish Psychological Bulletin, ISSN (Print) 0079-2993, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10059-011-0018-6.

Export Citation

This content is open access.

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Stéphanie Laconi, Rachel Florence Rodgers, and Henri Chabrol
Computers in Human Behavior, 2014, Volume 41, Page 190
Fatima Shad Kaneez, Kejing Zhu, Liming Tie, and Nurul Bahriah Haji Osman
Journal of Drug and Alcohol Research, 2013, Volume 2, Page 1

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in