Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Polish Psychological Bulletin

The Journal of Committee for Psychological Sciences of Polish Academy of Sciences

4 Issues per year

CiteScore 2016: 0.33

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.185
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.258

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 42, Issue 4


Integration of Schwartz's value theory and Scheler's concept of value in research on the development of the structure of values during adolescence

Jan Cieciuch
Published Online: 2012-04-19 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10059-011-0027-5

Integration of Schwartz's value theory and Scheler's concept of value in research on the development of the structure of values during adolescence

A proposal is presented in the article of integrating Schwartz's circular model of values (1992, 1994, 2006) with Scheler's concept of values (Brzozowski, 1995). The main research goals were: 1) empirical verification of the attempt to include the values of Scheler into the circle of Schwartz's values; 2) use of the concept and measurement of Scheler's values to describe the development of the value structure during adolescence. Two studies were conducted in a group of 988 persons aged from 15 to 20 years. The Scheler Value Scale of Brzozowski (1995) was used along with the new version of the Schwartz's Portrait Value Questionnaire (Schwartz et al., 2011). In the first study, multidimensional scaling of multitrait-multimathod (MTMM) matrix was carried out, into which were introduced the indexes of Scheler's values and the indexes of Schwartz's value types. In this way, it was demonstrated that it is possible to include Scheler's values in the four higher order values within Schwartz's circle of values. In the second study, it was shown that by using the Schelerian values to analyse the development of the value structure, similar results were obtained to those that were acquired with the aid of instruments intended to measure values in Schwartz's approach. The structure becomes differentiated with age and takes on the shape of a circle.

Keywords: Structure of values; circle of values; development of values; adolescence

  • Arnett, J. (2004). Emerging Adulthood: The Winding Road from Late Teens through the Twenties. Oxford: University Press.Google Scholar

  • Berzonsky, M. D., Cieciuch, J., Duriez, B., & Soenens, B. (2011). The how and what of identity formation: Associations between identity styles and value orientations. Personality and Individual Differences, 50(2), 295-299.Google Scholar

  • Bilsky, W., & Schwartz, S. H. (2008). Measuring motivation: integrating content and method. Personality and Individual Differences, 44(8), 1738-1751Google Scholar

  • Bilsky, W., Janik, M., & Schwartz, S. H. (2011). The structural organization of human values - Evidence from three rounds of the European Social Survey (ESS). Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 42(5), 759-776Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Borg, I., & Groenen, P. (2005). Modern Multidimensional Scaling: Theory and Applications. New York: Springer.Google Scholar

  • Brzozowski, P. (1995). Skala Wartości Schelerowskich - SWS [Scheler Value Scale]. Warszawa: Pracownia Testów Psychologicznych Polskiego Towarzystwa Psychologicznego.Google Scholar

  • Brzozowski, P. (2007). Wzorcowa hierarchia wartości - polska, europejska czy uniwersalna [A model value hierarchy - Polish, European Or Universal]. Lublin: Wydawnictwo UMCS.Google Scholar

  • Cieciuch J., Harasimczuk, J., & Döring, A., K. (2011). Validity of the Polish Adaptation of the Picture-Based Value Survey for Children (PBVS-C). Submitted for publication.Google Scholar

  • Cieciuch, J. (2009). Value priorities and structure in adolescence and early adulthood in 19 European countries. In: W. Zagórska, J. Cieciuch, D. Buksik (Eds.), Axiological Aspects of Development in Youth (pp. 47-72). Warszawa: Wydawnictwo UKSW.Google Scholar

  • Cieciuch, J. (2012). Big Five and Big Ten - between Aristotelian and Galileian physics of personality. Theory and Psychology, in press.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Cieciuch, J., Davidov, E., Vecchione, M., & Schwartz, S. H., (2011). Evaluating the structure of 19 human values with confirmatory factor analysis. Regional Conference of International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology, Istanbul.Google Scholar

  • Cieciuch, J., Harasimczuk, J., & Döring, A. K. (2010). Struktura wartości w późnym dzieciństwie [Value structure in late childhood]. Psychologia Rozwojowa [Developmental Psychology], 15(2), 33-45.Google Scholar

  • Cieciuch, J., & Schwartz, S. H. (2012). The number of distinct basic values and their structure assessed by PVQ-40. Journal of Personality Assessment, in press.Google Scholar

  • Döring, A. K., Blauensteiner, A., Aryus, K., Drögekamp, L. & Bilsky, W. (2010), Assessing values at an early age: The Picture-Based Value Survey for Children. Journal of Personality Assessment, 92(5) 439-448.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Gurba, E. (2011). Wczesna dorosłość [Early adulthood]. In: J. Trempała (ed.), Psychologia rozwoju człowiek [Human developmental psychology] (s. 287-311), Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.Google Scholar

  • Harasimczuk, J., Cieciuch, J., & Döring, A. K. (2011). The circular structure of values in Polish children. 15th European Conference on Developmental Psychology, Bergen.Google Scholar

  • Liem, G., Martin, A., Nair, E., Bernardo, A., & Prasetya, P. (2011). Content and structure of values in middle adolescence: evidence from Singapore, the Philippines, Indonesia, and Australia. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 42(1), 146-154.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • McCrae, R. (2009). The physics and chemistry of personality. Theory and Psychology, 19(5), 670-687.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Peterson, C., Seligman, M. E. (2004). Character strength and virtues: a handbook and classification, Washington: APA Press.Google Scholar

  • Schwartz, S. H. (1992). Universals in the content and structure of values: Theory and empirical tests in 20 countries. In: M. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology, vol. 25 (pp. 1-65). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar

  • Schwartz, S. H. (1994), Are there universal aspects in the content and structure of values? Journal of Social Issues, 50, 19-45.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Schwartz, S. H. (2006). Basic human values: theory, measurement, and applications. Revue française de sociologie, 47(4), 929-968.Google Scholar

  • Schwartz, S. H., & Bilsky, W. (1994). Values and personality. European Journal of Personality, 8, 163-181.Google Scholar

  • Schwartz, S. H., Cieciuch, J., Vecchione, M., Davidov, E., Fischer, R., Beierlein, C., Ramos, A., Verkasalo, M., Lönnqvist, J.-E., Demirutku, K., Dirilen-Gumus, O., Konty, M. (2011). Refining the theory of basic individual values. Under review.Google Scholar

  • Schwartz, S. H., Melech, G., Lehmann, A., Burgess, S., & Harris, M. (2001). Extending the cross-cultural validity of the theory of basic human values with a different method of measurement. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 32(5), 519-542.Google Scholar

  • Spini, D. (2003). Measurement equivalence of 10 values types from SVS across 21 countries. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 34(1), 3-23.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2012-04-19

Published in Print: 2011-01-01

Citation Information: Polish Psychological Bulletin, Volume 42, Issue 4, Pages 205–214, ISSN (Print) 0079-2993, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10059-011-0027-5.

Export Citation

This content is open access.

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in