Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Polish Psychological Bulletin

The Journal of Committee for Psychological Sciences of Polish Academy of Sciences

4 Issues per year

CiteScore 2016: 0.33

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.185
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.258

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 43, Issue 4 (Dec 2012)


The relationship between general and specific self-efficacy during the decision-making process considering treatment

Jolanta Życińska / Alicja Kuciej / Joanna Syska-Sumińska
Published Online: 2012-12-14 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10059-012-0031-4


The aim of the study was to confirm the mediation effects of the task-specific self-efficacy on the relationship between the general self-efficacy and intention and planning considering treatment. The study comprised 265 subjects, of which 165 were post-mastectomy women and 100 patients hospitalized due to acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The variables were assessed using the Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES) and tools developed to examine the context of treatment. The data were analyzed using the bootstrapping procedure. The results confirmed the indirect effects of task-specific self-efficacy, both in women making a decision to undergo breast reconstruction, and in patients after ACS formulating intention to change risk behaviours. As smoking was considered to be a moderator in the post-ACS group, the obtained associations were observed only among the patients declaring quitting smoking. In view of the fact that taskspecific self-efficacy is susceptible to context (e.g. it may depend on quitting smoking), it is useful to assess it in order to increase treatment effectiveness.

Keywords: Social Cognitive Theory (SCT); general and task-specific self-efficacy; intention; planning; mediation

  • Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: Towards a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84, 191-215.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of efficacy. New York: Freeman. Google Scholar

  • Baron R. M. & Kenny D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1173-1182.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Bentler, P.M. (1990). Comparative fit indices in structural models. Psychological Bulletin, 2, 238-246. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Bentler, P.M., Bonett, D.G. (1980). Significance tests and goodness of fit in the analysis of covariance structures. Psychological Bulletin, 88, 588-606. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Bollen, K.A., Stine, R.A. (1992). Bootstrapping goodness-of-fit measures in structural equation models. Sociological Methods and Research, 21, 205-229. Google Scholar

  • Browne, M.W. , Cudeck, R. (1993). Alternative ways of assessing model fit. W: K.A. Bollen, J.S Long (red.), Testing structural equationmodels (s. 136-162). Newbury Park, CA: Sage. Google Scholar

  • Chan, D.W. (2008). General, collective, and domain-specific teacher selfefficacy among Chinese prospective and in-service teachers in Hong Kong. Teaching and Teacher Education, 24, 1057-1069. Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Choi, N. (2004). Sex role group differences in specific, academic, and general self-efficacy. The Journal Of Psychology, 138, 149-159. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Choi, N. (2005). Self-Efficacy and Self-Concept as Predictors of College Students’ Academic Performance. Psychology in the Schools, 42, 197-205. DOI: 10.1002/pits.20048.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Doggrell, S.A., (2010). Adherence to medicines in the older-aged with chronic conditions: does intervention by allied health professional help? Drugs & Aging, 27, 239-254. PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Falasinnu, T.O. (2011). A population-based evaluation of the intention to quit smoking, cervical cancer screening behaviour, and multiple health behaviours among female Canadian smokers. Journal ofSmoking Cessation, 6, 119-125. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Gollwitzer, P, M. (1999). Implementation intentions: Strong effects of simple plans. American Psychologist, 54, 493-503.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Hendy, J., Lyons, E., Breakwell, G.M. (2006). Genetic testing and the relationship between specific and general self-efficacy. British JournalOf Health Psychology, 11, 221-33. DOI:10.1348/135910705X52543. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Hobfoll, S. E. (1998). Stress, Culture, and Community. The Psychologyand Philosophy of Stress. New York: Plenum Press. Google Scholar

  • Houle, J., Doyon, O., Vadeboncoeur, N., Turbide, G., Diaz, A., Poirier, P. (2011). Innovative program to increase physical activity following an acute coronary syndrome: Randomized controlled trial. PatientEducation and Counseling, 85, e237-e244. Google Scholar

  • Hu, L.-T., Bentler, P.M. (1998). Fit indices in covariance structure modeling: Sensitivity to underparameterized model missspecification. Psychological Methods, 3, 424-453.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Hu, L.-T., Bentler, P.M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indices in covariance structure analysis: Controventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 1, 1-55. Google Scholar

  • Juczyński, Z. (2001). Narzędzia pomiaru w promocji i psychologiizdrowia. [Assessment tools in health promotion and healthpsychology]. Warszawa: Pracownia Testów Psychologicznych Polskiego Towarzystwa Psychologicznego.Google Scholar

  • Lau-Walker, M. (2006). Predicting self-efficacy using illness perception components: a patient survey. British Journal Of Health Psychology,11, 643-661. DOI:10.1348/135910705X72802. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Leganger, A., Kraft, P., Rřysamb, E. (2000). Perceived self-efficacy in health behavior research: Conceptualisation, measurement and correlates. Psvchology and Health, 15, 51-69. Google Scholar

  • Luszczynska, A., Gutiérrez-Dońa, B., Schwarzer, R. (2005). General selfefficacy in various domains of human functioning: Evidence from five countries. International Journal of Psychology, 40, 80-89. DOI: 10.1080/00207590444000041.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Luszczynska, A., Scholz, U., Schwarzer, R. (2005). The general self-efficacy scale: multicultural validation studies. The Journal OfPsychology, 139, 439-457. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • MacKinnon, D. P., Lockwood, C. M., Hoffman, J. M.,West, S. G., Sheets, V. (2002). A comparison of methods to test mediation and other intervening variable effects. Psychological Methods, 7, 83-104. CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Maly, R.C., Liu, Y., Kwong, E., Thind, A., Diamant, A.L. (2009). Breast reconstructive surgery in medically underserved women with breast cancer: the role of patient-physician communication. Cancer, 115(20), 4819-4827. Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Manne, S.L., Ostroff, J.S., Norton, T.R., Fox, K., Grana, G., Goldstein, L. (2006). Cancer-specific self-efficacy and psychosocial and functional adaptation to early stage breast cancer. Annals Of BehavioralMedicine, 31, 145-154. Google Scholar

  • Miles, E.W., Maurer, T.J. (2012). Advancing validity of self-efficacy in negotiation through focusing at the domain level. Journalof Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 85, 23-41. DOI:10.1348/096317910X531744.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Mishali, M., Omer, H., Heymann, A.D. (2011). The importance of measuring self-efficacy in patients with diabetes. Family Practice, 28, 82-87. Web of ScienceCrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Miyoshi, A. (2012). The stability and causal effects of task-specific and generalized self-efficacy in college. Japanese Psychological Research, 54, 150-158. CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Nápoles, A.M., Ortíz, C., O’Brien, H., Sereno, A.B., Kaplan, C.P. (2011). Coping resources and self-rated health among Latina breast cancer survivors. Oncology Nursing Forum, 38, 523-531. Web of ScienceCrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Oei, T.P., Hasking, P., Phillips, L. (2007). A comparison of general self-efficacy and drinking refusal self-efficacy in predicting drinking behavior. The American Journal Of Drug And Alcohol Abuse, 33, 833-841. DOI: 10.1080/00952990701653818. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Orom, H., Penner, L.A., West, B.T., Downs, T.M., Rayford, W., Underwood, W. (2009). Personality predicts prostate cancer treatment decisionmaking difficulty and satisfaction. Psycho-Oncology, 18, 290-299.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2008). Contemporary approaches to assessing mediation in communication research. In A. F. Hayes, M. D. Slater, and L. B. Snyder (Eds.), The Sage sourcebook ofadvanced data analysis methods for communication research (pp. 13- 54). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, becomes: http://www.sagepub.com/upm-data/23657_Chapter2.pdf . Accessed 20.06.2012. Google Scholar

  • Sarkar, U., Ali, S., Whooley, M.A. (2009). Self-efficacy as a marker of cardiac function and predictor of heart failure hospitalization and mortality in patients with stable coronary heart disease: Findings from the Heart and Soul Study. Health Psychology, 28, 166-173. DOI: 10.1037/a0013146. CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Schnoll, R.A., Malstrom, M., James, C. Rothman, R. L., Miller, S.M., Ridge, J.A., Movsas, B., Langer, C., Unger, M., Goldberg, M. (2002). Processes of change related to smoking behavior among cancer patients. Cancer Practice, 10, 11-19. PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Schwoerer, C.E., May, D.R., Hollensbe, E.C., Mencl, J. (2005). General and Specific Self-Efficacy in the Context of a Training Intervention to Enhance Performance Expectancy. Human Resource DevelopmentQuarterly, 16, 111-129. Google Scholar

  • Schwarzer, R., Bäßler, J., Kwiatek, P., Schröder, K., Zhang, J. X. (1997). The assessment of optimistic self-beliefs: Comparison of the German, Spanish, and Chinese versions of the General Self-Efficacy Scale. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 46 (1), 69-88. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Schwarzer, R, Jerusalem, M. (1995). Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale. In J. Weinman, S. Wright, & M. Johnston (Eds.). Measures in healthpsychology: A user’s portfolio. Causal and control beliefs (pp. 35- 37). Windsor, England: NFER-NELSON. Google Scholar

  • Schwarzer, R., Lippke, S., Luszczyńska, A. (2011). Mechanisms of Health Behavior Change in Persons With Chronic Illness or Disability: The Health Action Process Approach (HAPA). Rehabilitation Psychology, 56, 161-170. DOI: 10.1037/a0024509. PubMedCrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Schwarzer, R., Luszczynska, A., Ziegelmann, J.P., Scholz, U., Lippke, S. (2008). Social-cognitive predictors of physical exercise adherence: Three longitudinal studies in rehabilitation. Health Psychology, 27 (Suppl.), S54-S63. Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Schwarzer, R., Mueller. J., Greenglass, E. (1999). Assessment of perceived general selfeftlcacy on the Internet: Data collection in cyberspace. Anxiety. Stress, and Coping, 12,145-161. Google Scholar

  • Smith, S.A., Kass, S.J. Rotunda, R.J., Schneider, S.K. (2006). If at first you don’t succeed: Effects of failure on general and task-specific self-efficacy and performance. North American Journal of Psychology, 8, 171-182. Google Scholar

  • Tseng, T.S., Lin, H.Y. (2008). Gender and age disparity in health-related behaviors and behavioral patterns based on a National Survey of Taiwan. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 15, 14-20. PubMedWeb of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Woodgate, J., Brawley, L.R. (2008). Self-efficacy for exercise in cardiac rehabilitation: Review and recommendations. Journal of HealthPsychology, 13, 366-387. Google Scholar

  • Yeo, G.B., Neal, A. (2006). An examination of the dynamic relationship between self-efficacy and performance across levels of analysis and levels of specificity. Journal of Applied Psychology, 91, 1088-1101. DOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.91.5.1088. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Yeomans, K. A., Golder, P. A. (1982). The Guttman- Kaiser criterion as a predictor of the number of common factors. The Statistician, 3, 221-229. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Życińska, J., Marszewska, E., Syska-Sumińska, J. (2012). Ocena skuteczności zestawów edukacyjnych w podejmowaniu zmiany zachowań ryzykownych wśród pacjentów z nadciśnieniem tętniczym. [The efficacy evaluation of educational kits in undertaking changesof risk behaviors among patients with arterial hypertension]. Nadciśnienie Tętnicze, 16, 26-34.Google Scholar

  • Google Scholar

About the article

Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Jolanta Życińska, University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Faculty in Katowice, 9 Kossutha Street, 40-844 Katowice, Poland. E-mail: jolanta.zycinska@swps.edu.pl. The contribution of Jolanta Życińska was partially supported by Grant No. N106 1077 36 from the Ministry of Science and Higher Education in Poland (data collection of the ACS patients).

Published Online: 2012-12-14

Published in Print: 2012-12-01

Citation Information: Polish Psychological Bulletin, ISSN (Print) 0079-2993, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10059-012-0031-4.

Export Citation

This content is open access.

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in