Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Journal of Politeness Research

Language, Behaviour, Culture

Ed. by Grainger, Karen


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.652
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.667

CiteScore 2018: 1.24

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.785
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.150

Online
ISSN
1613-4877
See all formats and pricing
More options …

An Intergenerational Perspective on (Im)politeness

Spyridoula Bella
  • Corresponding author
  • National and Kapodistrian University of Athens Department of Linguistics 28is Oktovriou 12 Athens 15341 Athens Greece
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Eva Ogiermann
Published Online: 2019-06-26 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/pr-2017-0033

Abstract

The present paper provides an intergenerational perspective on Greek conceptualizations of (im)politeness. Based on interviews eliciting narratives of impolite behaviour of our participants’ parents’ generation, the study illustrates the contested and changing nature of politeness in contemporary Greece.

Through critically evaluating the older generation’s behaviour, the participants not only provided insights into their own politeness norms but also showed a clear understanding of the previous generation’s politeness norms. The discrepancy between what is perceived as polite by the two generations points to a distinction between empirical (is) and moral (should) norms (Haugh 2010), with the former allowing the participants to classify their parents’ impoliteness as non-intentional and the latter reflecting the emergence of new conceptualizations of politeness in Greece.

While Greece has been unanimously characterized as a positive politeness culture in previous research, the present study illustrates an increasing emphasis on values and norms associated with negative politeness.

Keywords: (im)politeness; Greek; change; generations

References

  • Antonopoulou, Eleni. 2001. Brief service encounters: Gender and politeness. In Arin Bayractaroğlu & Maria Sifianou (eds.), Linguistic politeness across boundaries: The case of Greek and Turkish, 241-269. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.Google Scholar

  • Bella, Spyridoula. 2009. Invitations and politeness in Greek: The age variable. Journal of Politeness Research 5(2). 243-271.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Blum-Kulka Shoshana. 1992. The metapragmatics of politeness in Israeli society. In Richard J. Watts, Sachiko Ide & Konrad Ehlich (eds.), Politeness in language: Studies in its history, theory and practice, 225-280. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar

  • Bousfield, Derek. 2008. Impoliteness in interaction. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.Google Scholar

  • Brown, Roger & Albert Gilman. 1989. Politeness theory and Shakespeare’s four major tragedies. Language in Society 18(2). 159-212.Google Scholar

  • Brown, Penelope & Stephen Levinson. 1987. Politeness: Some universals in language usage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Byrne, Bridget. 2004. Qualitative interviewing. In Clive Seale (ed.), Researching society and culture, 179-192. London: Sage.Google Scholar

  • Charalambakis, Christophoros (ed.). 2014. Christiko lexico tis Neoellinikis glossas [A user’s dictionary of the modern Greek language]. Athens: Academia AthinonGoogle Scholar

  • Culpeper, Jonathan. 1996. Towards an anatomy of impoliteness. Journal of Pragmatics 25(3). 349-367.Google Scholar

  • Culpeper, Jonathan. 2005. Impoliteness and entertainment in the television quiz show: The Weakest Link. Journal of Politeness Research 1(1). 35-72.Google Scholar

  • Culpeper, Jonathan. 2008. Reflections on impoliteness, relational work and power. In Derek Bousfield & Miriam Locher (eds.), Impoliteness in language: Studies on its interplay with power in theory and practice, 17-44. Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar

  • Culpeper, Jonathan. 2011. Impoliteness: Using language to cause offence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Culpeper, Jonathan & Jane Demmen. 2011. Nineteenth-century English politeness: Negative politeness, conventional indirect requests and the rise of the individual self. Journal of Historical Pragmatics 12(1-2). 49-81.Google Scholar

  • Davis, Joseph E. 2008. Moral order. Culture 2(1). 17.Google Scholar

  • Deutsch, Morton. 1975. Equity, equality and need: What determines which values will be used as a basis of distributive justice? Journal of Social Issues 31. 137-150.Google Scholar

  • Economidou-Kogetsidis, Maria. 2003. Requesting strategies and cross-cultural pragmatics: Greek and English. Nottingham: University of Nottingham dissertation.Google Scholar

  • Eelen, Gino. 2001. A critique of politeness theories. Manchester: St. Jerome Publishing.Google Scholar

  • Ehlich, Konrad. 1992. On the historicity of politeness. In Richard J. Watts, Sachiko Ide & Konrad Ehlich (eds.), Politeness in language: Studies in its history, theory and practice, 71-108. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.Google Scholar

  • Flick, Uwe. 2009. An introduction to qualitative research. London: Sage.Google Scholar

  • Fukushima, Saeko. 2011. A cross-generational and cross-cultural study on demonstration of attentiveness. Pragmatics 21(4). 549-571.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Garcés-Conejos Blitvich, Pilar & Patricia Bou-Franch. 2019. Emic conceptualizations of face (imagen) in Peninsular Spanish. In Eva Ogiermann & Pilar Garcés-Conejos Blitvich (eds.), From speech acts to lay understandings of politeness: A multilingual and multicultural perspective, 301-327. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Goffman, Erving. 1956. Embarrassment and social organization. American Journal of Sociology 62(3). 264-271.Google Scholar

  • Goffman, Erving. 1967. Interactional ritual: Essays on face-to-face behavior. Garden City, NY: Anchor Books.Google Scholar

  • Gouldner, Alvin W. 1960. The norm of reciprocity: A preliminary statement. American Sociological Review 25(2). 161-178.Google Scholar

  • Haidt, Jonathan. 2003. The moral emotion. In Richard J. Davidson, Klaus R. Scherer & H. Hill Goldsmith (eds.), Handbook of affective sciences, 852-870. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://faculty.virginia.edu/haidtlab/articles/alternate_versions/haidt.2003.the-moral-emotions.pub025-as-html.html (5 March 2019).Google Scholar

  • Haugh, Michael. 2003. Anticipated versus inferred politeness. Multilingua 22(4). 397-413.Google Scholar

  • Haugh, Michael. 2010. When is an email really offensive?: Argumentativity and variability in evaluations of impoliteness. Journal of Politeness Research 6(1). 7-31.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • He, Yun. 2012. Different generations different face? A discursive approach to naturally occurring compliment responses in Chinese. Journal of Politeness Research 8(1). 29-51.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Hofstede, Geert. 1991. Cultures and organizations: Software of the mind. Berkshire & New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar

  • Kádár, Dániel & Michael Haugh. 2013. Understanding politeness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Kopytko, Roman. 1995. Linguistic politeness strategies in Shakespeare’s plays. In Andreas H. Jucker (ed.), Historical pragmatics: Pragmatic developments in the history of English, 515-540. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.Google Scholar

  • Kohnen, Thomas. 2008. Linguistic politeness in Anglo-Saxon England? A study of Old English address terms. Journal of Historical Pragmatics 9(1). 140-158.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Locher, Miriam A. & Richard J. Watts. 2008. Relational work and impoliteness: negotiating norms of linguistic behaviour. In Derek Bousfield & Miriam A. Locher. (eds.) Impoliteness in Language: Studies on its Interplay with Power in Theory and Practice, 77-99. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar

  • Locher, Miriam A. & Martin Luginbühl. 2019. Discussions on Swiss and German politeness in online sources. In Eva Ogiermann & Pilar Garcés-Conejos Blitvich (eds.), From speech acts to lay understandings of politeness: A multilingual and multicultural perspective, 250-279. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Makri-Tsilipakou, Marianthi. 2001. Congratulations and bravo. In Arin Bayractaroğlu & Maria Sifianou (eds.), Linguistic politeness across boundaries: The case of Greek and Turkish, 137-178. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, Google Scholar

  • Mills, Sara. 2003. Gender and politeness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Ogiermann, Eva & Małgorzata Suszczyńska. 2011. On im/politeness behind the Iron Curtain. In Francesca Bargiela-Chiappini & Dániel Kádár (eds.), Politeness across cultures, 194-215. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar

  • Pavlidou, Theodossia. 1994. Contrasting German and Greek politeness and the consequences. Journal of Pragmatics 21(5). 487-511.Google Scholar

  • Sifianou, Maria. 1992. Politeness phenomena in England and Greece: A cross-cultural perspective. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Sifianou, Maria. 2015. Conceptualizing politeness in Greek: Evidence from Twitter corpora. Journal of Pragmatics 86. 25-30.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Sifianou, Maria & Eleni Antonopoulou. 2005. Politeness in Greece: The politeness of involvement. In Leo Hickey & Miranda Stewart (eds.), Politeness in Europe, 263-276. Clevendon: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar

  • Sifianou, Maria & Angeliki Tzanne. 2010. Conceptualizations of politeness and impoliteness in Greek. Intercultural Pragmatics 7(4). 661-687.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Sifianou, Maria & Spyridoula Bella. 2018. Twitter, politeness, self-presentation. In Pilar Garcés-Conejos Blitvich & Patricia Bou-Franch (eds.), Analyzing digital discourse: New insights and future directions, 341-365. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar

  • Terkourafi, Marina. 2009. Finding face between Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft: Greek perceptions of the in-group. In Francesca Bargiela-Chiappini & Michael Haugh (eds.), Face, communication and social interaction, 269-288. London: Equinox Publishing.Google Scholar

  • Triandis, Harry & Vasso Vassiliou. 1972. A comparative analysis of subjective culture. In Harry Triandis (ed.), The analysis of subjective culture, 299-335. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar

  • Watts, Richard. 2003. Politeness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Watts, Richard, Sachiko Ide & Konrad Ehlich (eds.). 1992. Politeness in language. Studies in its history, theory and practice. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar

About the article

Spyridoula Bella

Spyridoula Bella is Professor of Linguistics at the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens. Her research interests include pragmatics, linguistic (im)politeness, second language acquisition and second language teaching. Her research output in these areas has appeared in international journals (Journal of Pragmatics, Journal of Politeness Research, Multilingua, Pragmatics) as well as a number of collected volumes both in English and Greek.

Eva Ogiermann

Eva Ogiermann is Senior Lecturer in English Language and Applied Linguistics at King’s College London. Her work investigates culture-specific conceptualizations of politeness in English, German, Polish, Russian and Greek and analyses interactions in English and Polish families. Her publications include a monograph on apologizing and articles in Intercultural Pragmatics, Journal of Politeness Research, Journal of Pragmatics, Multilingua and Research on Language and Social Interaction. She is also associate editor of the Journal of Pragmatics.


Published Online: 2019-06-26

Published in Print: 2019-07-26


Citation Information: Journal of Politeness Research, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 163–193, ISSN (Online) 1613-4877, ISSN (Print) 1612-5681, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/pr-2017-0033.

Export Citation

© 2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Maria Sifianou
Journal of Pragmatics, 2019, Volume 147, Page 49

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in