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Probus

International Journal of Romance Linguistics

Editor-in-Chief: Wetzels, W. Leo

2 Issues per year


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1613-4079
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Volume 24, Issue 1

Issues

French compounds

Florence Villoing,
Published Online: 2012-04-26 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/probus-2012-0003

Abstract

This article focuses on compounding as a process of word formation within the theoretical framework of lexeme-based morphology. It provides a systematic analysis of the two types of compounding in French: native compounding, the main type, and neoclassical compounding, which is quite marginal. It presents the various rules: native compounds are prototypically constructed of two lexemes and form a third one; they are predominantly endocentric; the governing constituent and the compound head, if any, is on the left and controls the semantic relations between the two constituents, whether coordinated, attributive or subordinating. Neoclassical compounds are prototypically constructed of bound neoclassical elements and form adjectives; they are often exocentric; the governing constituent is on the right. Inflection in native compounds is complex. Several areas of the analysis remain unresolved, particularly regarding the boundaries between morphological/syntactic compounds.

About the article

Published Online: 2012-04-26

Published in Print: 2012-06-26


Citation Information: , Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 29–60, ISSN (Online) 1613-4079, ISSN (Print) 0921-4771, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/probus-2012-0003.

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©[2012] by Walter de Gruyter Berlin Boston.Get Permission

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