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Proceedings of the Latvian Academy of Sciences. Section B. Natural, Exact, and Applied Sciences.

The Journal of Latvian Academy of Sciences

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Volume 66, Issue 1-2 (Jan 2012)

Issues

Contribution of Jānis Lielmanis in plant breeding in Latvia

Ina Belicka
  • State Stende Cereal Breeding Institute, "Dižzemes", Dižstende, Lībagu pag., Talsu nov., LV-3258, LATVIA
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Zigurds Kalmanis
  • State Stende Cereal Breeding Institute, "Dižzemes", Dižstende, Lībagu pag., Talsu nov., LV-3258, LATVIA
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2012-06-28 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10046-011-0050-0

Contribution of Jānis Lielmanis in plant breeding in Latvia

In autumn 1922, the Ministry of Agriculture of Latvia delegated agronomist Jānis Hilarijs Lielmanis (1895-1970) to organise and establish the State Stende Breeding Station. For many years, he was a director (1922-1940) and later a researcher (1945-1956) of the State Stende Breeding Station. Under the guidance of Lielmanis, an infrastructure for breeding work was formed and research into the morphological, biological, and economic traits of local plant varieties obtained from different Latvian regions were begun in the station. Already in 1924, breeders started breeding of cereals, peas, flax, potato, and clover, using selection from local and foreign varieties and also hybridisation. Until 1945, breeders in Stende, under the guidance of Jānis Lielmanis, developed 16 plant varieties, in the period from 1945 to 1960 — 19 varieties. Parallel to his work in Stende, Lielmanis delivered lectures on plant breeding at the University of Latvia (1933-1940) and lectures on genetics, breeding, and seed production at the Latvian University of Agriculture (1940-1944, then Jelgava Academy of Agriculture; 1945-1948). In the later part of his life, Lielmanis worked in the Latvian Scientific Research Institute of Agriculture (1957-1970), where he conducted research in crop farming and breeding of red clover using traditional breeding methods, as well as polyploidy and heterosis methods, which was modern for that time. The research results of oat growth and acclimatisation were summarised by Lielmanis in his habilitation paper (1933), and the results of breeding and growth of red clover — in his dissertation thesis. He was awarded a degree of candidate of agricultural sciences in 1957 and a doctoral degree in 1968. He was very principled in his scientific viewpoints; he supervised five doctoral theses written by candidates of agricultural sciences, published 457 scientific and popular-scientific articles, and wrote six books. Taking into consideration the contribution of Lielmanis to Latvian agricultural science, in 1995, the Jānis Lielmanis award was established, which has been received by breeders, breeding groups, and seed producers for their contribution in plant breeding and seed production in Latvia.

Jāņa Lielmaņa ieguldījums augu selekcijā Latvijā

Jānis Lielmanis (1895-1970) bija Stendes selekcijas stacijas dibinātājs un ilggadīgais direktors (1922-1940), vēlāk zinātniskais līdzstrādnieks (1945-1956). Dzīves otrā pusē J. Lielmanis strādāja Latvijas Lauksaimniecības institūtā (1957-1970). Viņš ir daudzu lauksaimniecības augu šķirņu autors. Lielu uzmanību J. Lielmanis veltījis pedagogiskajam darbam — lasījis lekcijas Latvijas Lauksaimniecības akadēmijā, sarakstījis mācību grāmatu augkopībā, vadījis vairāku disertāciju izstrādi. Daudzu zinātnisku un populārzinātnisko rakstu autors.

Keywords: breeder Jānis Lielmanis; State Stende Breeding Station; field crop varieties

  • Celma, I., Kaļiņina, S., Kalmanis, Z., Krotovs, M., Strazdiņa, V., Zute, S. (red.). (2002). Valsts Stendes selekcija laiku lokos. No 1922. gada 23. aprīļa līdz mūsdienām [State Stende Breeding in the course of time. From 23 April 1922 until nowadays]. Valsts Stendes selekcijas stacija. 123 lpp. (in Latvian).Google Scholar

  • Āboliņš, J. (1994). Saskarsme ar Jāni Lielmani [Communication with Jānis Lielmanis]. Grām.: Jānis Lielmanis dzīvē un darbā [Jānis Lielmanis in his life and work] (52.-74. lpp.). Latvijas Valsts zemkopības zinātniskās pētniecības institūts "Agra" (in Latvian).Google Scholar

  • Antonijs, A. (1994). Zinātnei un tautai veltīts mūžs [Life dedicated to science and people]. Grām.: Jānis Lielmanis dzīvē un darbā [Jānis Lielmanis in his life and work] (103.-108. lpp.). Latvijas Valsts zemkopības zinātniskās pētniecības institūts "Agra" (in Latvian).Google Scholar

  • Bērziņš, P. (1994). Sarkanā āboliņa selekcija [Breeding of red clover]. Grām.: Jānis Lielmanis dzīvē un darbā [Jānis Lielmanis in his life and work] (33.-46. lpp.). Latvijas Valsts zemkopības zinātniskās pētniecības institūts "Agra" (in Latvian).Google Scholar

  • Dālmane, A. (2010). Staļina represijas gadi Latvijas Universitātē [Years of Stalin's repression at the University of Latvia]. Grām.: Acta Medico-historica Rigensia (298.-311. lpp.). Rīga: Paula Stradiņa Medicīnas vēstures muzejs (in Latvian).Google Scholar

  • Bulbiks, P., Krotovs, M. (1994). Stendes selekcijas un izmēginājumu stacija izaugsme. [Growth of the Stende Breeding and Experimental Station]. Grām.: Jānis Lielmanis dzīvē un darbā [Jānis Lielmanis in his life and work (52.-74. lpp.). Latvijas Valsts zemkopības zinātniskās pētniecības institūts "Agra" (in Latvian).Google Scholar

  • Jansons, F., Vīgants, G. (1994). Jāņa Lielmaņa dzīves ceļš [Way of Life of Jānis Lielmanis]. Gram.: Jānis Lielmanis dzīvē un darbā [Jānis Lielmanis in his life and work] (7.-32. lpp.). Latvijas Valsts zemkopības zinātniskās pētniecības institūts "Agra" (in Latvian).Google Scholar

  • Holms, I. (red.) (1992). Laukaugu selekcija Latvijā [Field Crop Breeding in Latvia]. Rīga: Avots. 192 lpp. (in Latvian).Google Scholar

  • Lielmanis, J., Bērziņš, E. Garbars, J. (1931). Selekcijas un izmēginājumu darbi Valsts Stendes selekcijas stacijā [Breeding and experimental works at the State Stende plant breeding station]. Rīga: Valters un Rapa. 289 lpp. (in Latvian).Google Scholar

  • Lielmanis, J. (1935). Stendes selekcijas stacijas sasniegumi [Achievements of the State Stende Breeding Station]. Zemkopis, Nr. 19, 424-425 (in Latvian).Google Scholar

  • Luke, J. (1923). Selekcija. Šķirņu izaudzēšana un izkopšana [Breeding. Creating and improvement of varieties]. Rīga: Lauksaimniecības departaments. 36 lpp. (in Latvian).Google Scholar

  • Špogis, K. (2004). Jānis Lielmanis—speciālists ar daudzpusīgām interesēm [Jānis Lielmanis — a specialist with diversified interests.] Grām.: Jānis Lielmanis dzīvē un darbā [Jānis Lielmanis in his life and work (85.-88. lpp.). Latvijas Valsts zemkopības zinātniskās pētniecības institūts "Agra" (in Latvian).Google Scholar

  • Vīgants, K. (1922). Lauksaimniecības augu izlases teorija un metodika [Agricultural plant breeding theory and methods]. Cēsis un Valmiera: K. Dūnis. 60 lpp. (in Latvian).Google Scholar

  • Zālītis, J. (1994). Problēmu spriegums [Tension of problems]. Grām.: Jānis Lielmanis dzīvē un darbā [Jānis Lielmanis in his life and work (83.-85. lpp.). Latvijas Valsts zemkopības zinātniskās pētniecības institūts "Agra" (in Latvian).Google Scholar

About the article


Published Online: 2012-06-28

Published in Print: 2012-01-01


Citation Information: Proceedings of the Latvian Academy of Sciences. Section B. Natural, Exact, and Applied Sciences., ISSN (Print) 1407-009X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10046-011-0050-0.

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