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X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy study of the interaction of lithium with graphene

Lyubov G. Bulusheva
  • Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, 3 Acad. Lavrentiev ave., 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia
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/ Alexander V. Okotrub
  • Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, 3 Acad. Lavrentiev ave., 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia
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/ Lada V. Yashina / Juan J. Velasco-Velez
  • Department of heterogeneous reactions, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion, Stiftstrasse 34-36, Mülheim an der Ruhr, D-45470 Germany
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/ Dmitry Yu. Usachov
  • Department of Physics, Saint Petersburg State University, 7/9 Universitetskaya nab., St Petersburg, 199034, Russia
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/ Denis V. Vyalikh
  • Corresponding author
  • Departamento de Fisica de Materiales and CFM-MPC UPV/EHU, Donostia International Physics Center (DIPC), 20080 San Sebastian, Spain
  • IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, 48011 Bilbao, Spain
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Published Online: 2018-07-11 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/psr-2018-0042


Graphene-like nanostructures, solely or in combination with redox active compounds, are an important component of battery electrodes. Design of effective electrode materials requires a deep understanding of electrochemical reactions occurring at graphene surfaces. The methods of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) are very helpful in such research, providing the composition of studied samples and electronic state of individual elements. In this chapter, we demonstrate advantages of XPS for monitoring of chemical vapor deposition graphene growth and lithium penetration under graphene layers, disclosing of interactions with metals and interface states.

Keywords: CVD graphene; graphene/metal interface; nitrogen doping; batteries; X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; synchrotron radiation


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About the article

Published Online: 2018-07-11

Citation Information: Physical Sciences Reviews, Volume 3, Issue 10, 20180042, ISSN (Online) 2365-659X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/psr-2018-0042.

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