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Ed. by Giamberini, Marta / Jastrzab, Renata / Liou, Juin J. / Luque, Rafael / Nawab, Yasir / Saha, Basudeb / Tylkowski, Bartosz / Xu, Chun-Ping / Cerruti, Pierfrancesco / Ambrogi, Veronica / Marturano, Valentina / Gulaczyk, Iwona

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Wastes generated by automotive industry – Spent automotive catalysts

Martyna Rzelewska
  • Institute of Chemical Technology and Engineering, Poznań University of Technology, Berdychowo St. 4, 60-965, Poznań, Poland
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/ Magdalena Regel-Rosocka
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  • Institute of Chemical Technology and Engineering, Poznań University of Technology, Berdychowo St. 4, 60-965, Poznań, Poland
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Published Online: 2018-05-11 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/psr-2018-0021

Abstract

Rhodium, ruthenium, palladium, and platinum are classified as platinum group metals (PGM). A demand for PGM has increased in recent years. Their natural sources are limited, therefore it is important, and both from economical and environmental point of view, to develop effective process to recover PGM from waste/secondary sources, such as spent automotive catalysts. Pyrometallurgical methods have always been used for separation of PGM from various materials. However, recently, an increasing interest in hydrometallurgical techniques for the removal of precious metals from secondary sources has been noted. Among them, liquid-liquid extraction by contacting two liquid phases: aqueous solution of metal ions and organic solution of extractant is considered an efficient technique to separate valuable metal ions from solutions after leaching from spent catalysts.

Keywords: automotive catalyst; metal recovery; platinum group metals (PGMs)

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About the article

Published Online: 2018-05-11


This work was supported by the 03/32/DSPB/0810 grant.


Citation Information: Physical Sciences Reviews, Volume 3, Issue 8, 20180021, ISSN (Online) 2365-659X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/psr-2018-0021.

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