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UV-Vis spectroscopy

Marcello Picollo
  • Corresponding author
  • Istituto di Fisica Applicata “Nello Carrara” del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Via Madonna del piano 10, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Firenze, Italy
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/ Maurizio Aceto
  • Dipartimento di Scienze e Innovazione Tecnologica (DISIT), Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale, viale Teresa Michel, 11, 15121 Alessandria, Italy
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/ Tatiana Vitorino
  • Istituto di Fisica Applicata “Nello Carrara” del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Via Madonna del piano 10, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Firenze, Italy
  • Department of Conservation and Restoration and LAQV-REQUIMTE, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, NOVA University of Lisbon, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal
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Published Online: 2018-11-14 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/psr-2018-0008

Abstract

UV-Vis reflectance spectroscopy has been widely used as a non-invasive method for the study of cultural heritage materials for several decades. In particular, FORS, introduced in the 1980s, allows to acquire hundreds of reflectance spectra in situ in a short time, contributing to the identification of artist’s materials. More recently, microspectrofluorimetry has also been proposed as a powerful non-invasive method for the identification of dyes and lake pigments that provides high sensitivity and selectivity. In this chapter, the concepts behind these spectroscopic methodologies will be discussed, as well as the instrumentation and measurement modes used. Case studies related with different cultural heritage materials (paintings and manuscripts, textiles, carpets and tapestries, glass, metals, and minerals), which show the usefulness of UV-Vis reflectance spectroscopy and microspectrofluorimetry applied to the study of artworks, will also be presented.

Keywords: non-invasive; UV-Vis spectroscopy; reflectance; FORS; microspectrofluorimetry; paintings and manuscripts; textiles; carpets and tapestries; glass; metals; minerals

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Published Online: 2018-11-14


Citation Information: Physical Sciences Reviews, Volume 4, Issue 4, 20180008, ISSN (Online) 2365-659X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/psr-2018-0008.

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