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“Drug-likeness” properties of natural compounds

Fidele Ntie-Kang
  • Corresponding author
  • University of Buea, Pharmacochemistry Research Group, Chemistry Department, P. O. Box 63 Buea Buea, Cameroon
  • Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Martin-Luther-Universitat Halle-Wittenberg, Wolfgang-Langenbeck Str. 4, 06120 Halle (Saale), Germany
  • Department of Informatics and Chemistry, University of Chemistry and Technology Prague, Technická 5 166 28 Prague 6 Dejvice, Czech Republic
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/ Kennedy D. Nyongbela
  • Corresponding author
  • University of Buea, Pharmacochemistry Research Group, Chemistry Department, P. O. Box 63 Buea Buea, Cameroon
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/ Godfred A. Ayimele
  • University of Buea, Pharmacochemistry Research Group, Chemistry Department, P. O. Box 63 Buea Buea, Cameroon
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/ Suhaib Shekfeh
Published Online: 2019-09-04 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/psr-2018-0169

Abstract

Our previous work was focused on the fundamental physical and chemical concepts behind “drug-likeness” and “natural product (NP)-likeness”. Herein, we discuss further details on the concepts of “drug-likeness”, “lead-likeness” and “NP-likeness”. The discussion will first focus on NPs as drugs, then a discussion of previous studies in which the complexities of the scaffolds and chemical space of naturally occurring compounds have been compared with synthetic, semisynthetic compounds and the Food and Drug Administration-approved drugs. This is followed by guiding principles for designing “drug-like” natural product libraries for lead compound discovery purposes. In addition, we present a tool for measuring “NP-likeness” of compounds and a brief presentation of machine-learning approaches. A binary quantitative structure–activity relationship for classifying drugs from nondrugs and natural compounds from nonnatural ones is also described. While the studies add to the plethora of recently published works on the “drug-likeness” of NPs, it no doubt increases our understanding of the physicochemical properties that make NPs fall within the ranges associated with “drug-like” molecules.

Keywords: cheminformatics; drugs; drug-likeness; drug discovery; natural products

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Published Online: 2019-09-04


Citation Information: Physical Sciences Reviews, 20180169, ISSN (Online) 2365-659X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/psr-2018-0169.

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