Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Quaestiones Geographicae

The Journal of Adam Mickiewicz University

4 Issues per year


CiteScore 2016: 0.43

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.258
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.359

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2081-6383
See all formats and pricing
More options …

IMPACT OF SEA LEVEL RISE TO COASTAL ECOLOGY: A CASE STUDY ON THE NORTHERN PART OF JAVA ISLAND, INDONESIA

Muh Aris Marfai
Published Online: 2014-03-27 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/quageo-2014-0008

Abstract

The coastline of Indonesia, which borders almost 17,500 islands and the sea and extends for more than 80,000 km, is vulnerable to sea level rise. This paper aims to investigate the impact of sea level rise on coastal ecology in Indonesia focusing on coastal area of Jakarta, Pekalongan, Semarang and Demak in the northern part of Java Island. Geo-spatial data, i.e. satellite images and maps were used to monitor the environmental changes and primary data were obtained through field survey and observation on the specified area. In Jakarta, sea level rise has been predicted to bring great damages to infrastructure in coastal area. Multiple impacts of sea level rise towards mangrove, agriculture, and aquaculture ecosystem occurs in Pekalongan. Semarang coastal area also suffers from the widening spread of health problems as the coastal inundation increases. At the same time, Demak experiences major losses on mangrove and aquaculture ecosystem due to sea level rise.

Keywords: climate change impact; coastal ecology; sea level rise; Indonesia

References

  • Bemmelen R.W., 1949. The Geology of Indonesia The Hague: Govt. Printing Office, Lolage.Google Scholar

  • Bird E.C.F., Ongkosongo O.S.R., 1980. Environmental changes on The Coast of Indonesia. The United Nations University, United Nations University Press.Google Scholar

  • IPCC [Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change], 2000. IPCC Emission Scenario. Cambridge University Press, UK.Google Scholar

  • IPCC [Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change], 2007. IPCC Fourth Assessment Report: Climate Change 2007.Google Scholar

  • Irwani D., Pribadi R., Helmi M., 2010. Study of Coastal Erosion in Semarang Urban Area. Proceeding of Indonesian Delta Forum, October 21-22, 2010, Semarang, Indonesia.Google Scholar

  • Mardiatno D., Marfai M.A., Rahmawati K., Tanjung R., Sianturi R.S., Mutiarni Y.S., 2012. Multirisk Assesment of Coastal and River Floods in Pekalongan Utara. Cahaya Press, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.Google Scholar

  • Marfai M.A., King L., 2007. Monitoring land subsidence in Semarang, Indonesia. Environmental Geology 53: 651-659, DOI:10.1007/s00254-007-0680-3.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Marfai M.A., King L., 2008. Potential vulnerability implications of coastal inundation due to sea level rise for the coastal zone of Semarang city, Indonesian. Environmental Geology 54:1235-1245, DOI:10.1007/s00254-007-0906-4.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Marfai M.A., King L., Singh L.P., Mardiatno D., Sartohadi S., Hadmoko S.D., Dewi A., 2008a. Natural hazards in Central Java-Indonesia: an overview. Environmental Geology 56: 335-351, DOI: 10.1007/s00254-007-1169-9.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Marfai M.A., Almohammad H., Dey S., Susanto B., King L., 2008b. Coastal Dynamic and Shoreline Mapping: Multi- sources Spatial Data Analysis in Semarang Indonesia. Environ Monit Assess, Springer,142: 297-308, DOI: 10.1007/s10661-007-9929-2.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Marfai M.A., 2011a. Impact of Coastal Inundation on Ecology and Agricultural Land Use, Case Study in Central Java, Indonesia. Questiones Geographicae 30(3): 19-32, DOI:10.2478/v10117-011-0024-y.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Marfai M.A., 2011b. The Hazards of Coastal Erosion in Central Java, Indonesia: An Overview. Geografia, Malaysia Journal of Society and Space 7(3): 1-9.Google Scholar

  • Maulina N., 2010. Shoreline Change Analysis and Prediction; An Application of Remote Sensing and GIS. M.Sc Thesis. Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.Google Scholar

  • NBSC [National Bureau of Statistics Center - BPS], 2010. Indonesian Demographic Census 2010 Report. BPS.Google Scholar

  • Naylor R.L., Battisti D.S., Vimont D.J., Falcon W.C., Burke M.B., 2007. Assessing risks of climate change variability and climate change for Indonesian rice agriculture. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences 104(19): 7752-7757.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Purnama Ig.L.S., Trijuni S., Hanafi F., Aulia T., Razali R., 2012. Water Balance Analysis in Kupang and Sengkarang Watershed. Cahaya Press. Yogyakarta, Indonesia.Google Scholar

  • Sartohadi J., Marfai M.A., Mardiatno D., 2009. Coastal zone management due to abrasion along the coastal area of Tegal, Central Java Indonesia. Proceeding International Coastal Conference, Nagoya Japan, 23-25 February 2009: 37-44.Google Scholar

  • Soedarsono S., 2011. The impact of land subsidence to Settlement Area in Semarang alluvial. PhD dissertation, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.Google Scholar

  • Sunarto S., 2004. Geomorphic Changes in Coastal Area Surround Muria Volcano. PhD dissertation. Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.Google Scholar

  • Ward P.J., Marfai M.A., Yulianto F., Hizbaron D.R., Aerts J.C.J.H., 2010. Coastal inundation and damage exposure estimation: a case study for Jakarta. Natural Hazards 56: 899-916.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Ward P.J., Marfai M.A., Poerbandono A.E., 2012. Flood-risk in Jakarta. In: J.C.J.H. Aerts, W. Botzen, M. Bowman, P. Dircke, P.J. Ward (eds), Climate adaptation and floodrisk in coastal cities, Earthscan, London, UK.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2014-03-27

Published in Print: 2014-03-01


Citation Information: Quaestiones Geographicae, ISSN (Print) 0137-477X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/quageo-2014-0008.

Export Citation

This content is open access.

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in