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Radiochimica Acta

International Journal for chemical aspects of nuclear science and technology

Editor-in-Chief: Qaim, Syed M.


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 1.339

CiteScore 2018: 1.20

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.333
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.720

Online
ISSN
2193-3405
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Volume 91, Issue 11

Issues

Thermodynamic data for modelling actinide speciation in environmental waters

Pierre Vitorge / Hélène Capdevila
Published Online: 2009-09-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/ract.91.11.623.23466

Abstract

An operational TDB is generated from the validated NEA-TDB by adding formation constants (eventually those of chemical analogues, and typically logβ°Pu(CO₃)₅⁶⁻ = 35.6, 4 pH1/2 = -37.5 for Np(VII) hydrolysis, possible maximum values for formation constants of several Pu(CO3)i(OH)j(4-2i-j)+ complexes, and solubility products for compounds of tentative stoichiometries MO2+x for M = U, Np, Pu and Am), and by estimating new numerical values (typically E°(AmO₂²⁺/AmO₂⁺) = 1.50, E°(AmO₂⁺/Am³⁺) = 1.48, E°(Am⁴⁺/Am³⁺)=2.49V/SHE). Beside checking the consistency of published experimental data, and performing sensitivity analysis of their interpretation as for any critical review work, activity coefficients and pH calibration also appeared to be critical. Dramatic decrease in aqueous Np(V) solubility is expected, when it is coprecipitated at trace concentration: solubility controlled by the hypothetical ideal solid solution Na2x-1NpO2(CO3)x(s) (2≥ x ≥ 1), is calculated by solving the set of two thermodynamic equations [Na+]2x-1 [NpO2+][CO32-]x = Ksx, together with (2x-1)[NpO2+]/[Na+] = D, where Ksx = K2-xs1 (16Ks2/27)x-1(2-1/x)2x-1/x, Ks1 and Ks2 are the solubility products of the end-member compounds, and D = 27Ks12/(16Ks2) is the equilibrium constant for Ionic Exchange NpO2+/Na+. Conversely, equilibrium constant, D, of any ionic exchange equilibrium can be interpreted as ratio of solubility products of end-member compounds (eventually surface compounds).

About the article

Published Online: 2009-09-25

Published in Print: 2003-11-01


Citation Information: Radiochimica Acta, Volume 91, Issue 11, Pages 623–632, ISSN (Online) 2193-3405, ISSN (Print) 0033-8230, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/ract.91.11.623.23466.

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