International Journal for chemical aspects of nuclear science and technology
Editor-in-Chief: Qaim, Syed M.
IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 1.339
CiteScore 2018: 1.20
SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.333
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.720
X-ray absorption spectroscopic study of trivalent and tetravalent actinides in solution at varying pH values
We perform X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) investigations to monitor the stabilization of redox sensitive trivalent and tetravalent actinide ions in solution at acidic conditions in a pH range from 0 to 3 after treatment with holding reductants, hydroxylamine hydrochloride (NH2OHHCl) and Rongalite (sodium hydroxymethanesulfinate, CH3NaO3S). X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) measurements clearly demonstrate the stability of the actinide species for several hours under the given experimental conditions. Hence, structural parameters can be accurately derived by extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) investigations. The coordination structure of oxygen atoms belonging to water ligands surrounding the actinide ions does not change with increasing pH value (approximately 11 O atoms at 2.42 Å in the case of U(IV) at pH 1, 9 O atoms at 2.52 Å for Np(III) at pH 1.5, and 10 O atoms at 2.49 Å for Pu(III) up to pH 3), indicating that hydrolysis reactions are suppressed under the given chemical conditions.
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