Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Radiochimica Acta

International Journal for chemical aspects of nuclear science and technology

Editor-in-Chief: Qaim, Syed M.


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 1.202

CiteScore 2017: 1.22

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.409
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.869

Online
ISSN
2193-3405
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 99, Issue 7-8

Issues

Synthesis of superheavy elements by cold fusion

S. Hofmann
Published Online: 2011-05-26 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/ract.2011.1854

Abstract

The new elements from Z = 107 to 112 were synthesized in cold fusion reactions based on targets of lead and bismuth. The principle physical concepts are presented which led to the application of this reaction type in search experiments for new elements. Described are the technical developments from early mechanical devices to experiments with recoil separators. An overview is given of present experiments which use cold fusion for systematic studies and synthesis of new isotopes. Perspectives are also presented for the application of cold fusion reactions in synthesis of elements beyond element 113, the so far heaviest element produced in a cold fusion reaction. Further, the transition of hot fusion to cold fusion is pointed out, which occurs in reactions for synthesis of elements near Z = 126 using actinide targets and beams of neutron rich isotopes of elements from iron to germanium.

Keywords: Superheavy elements; Synthesis; Cold fusion; Cross-sections; Decay properties

About the article

* Correspondence address: GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Planckstr. 1, 64291 Darmstadt, Deutschland,


Published Online: 2011-05-26

Published in Print: 2011-07-01


Citation Information: Radiochimica Acta International journal for chemical aspects of nuclear science and technology, Volume 99, Issue 7-8, Pages 405–428, ISSN (Print) 0033-8230, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/ract.2011.1854.

Export Citation

© by Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag, Darmstadt, Germany.Get Permission

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[2]
K. N. Sridhar, H. C. Manjunatha, and H. B. Ramalingam
Physical Review C, 2018, Volume 98, Number 6
[3]
Tian Liang Zhao and Xiao Jun Bao
Physical Review C, 2018, Volume 98, Number 6
[4]
G. Saxena, U. K. Singh, M. Kumawat, M. Kaushik, S. K. Jain, and Mamta Aggarwal
International Journal of Modern Physics E, 2018, Page 1850074
[5]
Dashty T. Akrawy and Ali H. Ahmed
International Journal of Modern Physics E, 2018
[6]
Xiao Jun Bao, Shu Qing Guo, Hong Fei Zhang, and Jun Qing Li
Physical Review C, 2018, Volume 97, Number 2
[7]
D. N. Poenaru, H. Stöcker, and R. A. Gherghescu
The European Physical Journal A, 2018, Volume 54, Number 2
[8]
Jun-Gang Deng, Jun-Hao Cheng, Bo Zheng, and Xiao-Hua Li
Chinese Physics C, 2017, Volume 41, Number 12, Page 124109
[9]
Xiao Jun Bao, Shu Qing Guo, Hong Fei Zhang, and Jun Qing Li
Physical Review C, 2017, Volume 96, Number 2
[10]
Juhee Hong, G. G. Adamian, and N. V. Antonenko
Physical Review C, 2017, Volume 96, Number 1
[11]
Jun-Hong Liu, Shu-Qing Guo, Xiao-Jun Bao, and Hong-Fei Zhang
Chinese Physics C, 2017, Volume 41, Number 7, Page 074106
[12]
Xiao Jun Bao, Shu Qing Guo, Hong Fei Zhang, and Jun Qing Li
Physical Review C, 2017, Volume 95, Number 3
[13]
X J Bao, S Q Guo, H F Zhang, and J Q Li
Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics, 2017, Volume 44, Number 4, Page 045105
[14]
P. C. Sood and R. Gowrishankar
Physical Review C, 2017, Volume 95, Number 2
[15]
Shan Zhang, Yanli Zhang, Jianpo Cui, and Yanzhao Wang
Physical Review C, 2017, Volume 95, Number 1
[16]
D. N. Poenaru and R. A. Gherghescu
The European Physical Journal A, 2016, Volume 52, Number 11
[17]
Juhee Hong, G. G. Adamian, and N. V. Antonenko
Physical Review C, 2016, Volume 94, Number 4
[18]
D. N. Poenaru and R. A. Gherghescu
Physical Review C, 2016, Volume 94, Number 1
[19]
X. J. Bao, Y. Gao, J. Q. Li, and H. F. Zhang
Physical Review C, 2016, Volume 93, Number 4
[20]
P. Möller, A.J. Sierk, T. Ichikawa, and H. Sagawa
Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables, 2016, Volume 109-110, Page 1
[21]
Gudveen Sawhney, Amandeep Kaur, Manoj K. Sharma, and Raj K. Gupta
Physical Review C, 2015, Volume 92, Number 6
[22]
Sigurd Hofmann
Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics, 2015, Volume 42, Number 11, Page 114001
[23]
X. J. Bao, Y. Gao, J. Q. Li, and H. F. Zhang
Physical Review C, 2015, Volume 92, Number 3
[24]
Juhee Hong, G. G. Adamian, and N. V. Antonenko
Physical Review C, 2015, Volume 92, Number 1
[25]
Sergio Rampino, Loriano Storchi, and Leonardo Belpassi
The Journal of Chemical Physics, 2015, Volume 143, Number 2, Page 024307
[26]
X. J. Bao, Y. Gao, J. Q. Li, and H. F. Zhang
Physical Review C, 2015, Volume 92, Number 1
[27]
X. J. Bao, Y. Gao, J. Q. Li, and H. F. Zhang
Physical Review C, 2015, Volume 91, Number 6
[28]
X J Bao, S Q Guo, H F Zhang, Y Z Xing, J M Dong, and J Q Li
Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics, 2015, Volume 42, Number 8, Page 085101
[29]
J H Hamilton, S Hofmann, and Y T Oganessian
Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2015, Volume 580, Page 012019
[30]
X. J. Bao, Y. Gao, J. Q. Li, and H. F. Zhang
Physical Review C, 2015, Volume 91, Number 1
[31]
X G Cao, Y G Ma, G Q Zhang, H W Wang, A Anastasi, F Curciarello, and V De Leo
Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2014, Volume 515, Page 012023
[32]
[33]
K. P. Santhosh and B. Priyanka
The European Physical Journal A, 2013, Volume 49, Number 12
[34]
V. Prassa, T. Nikšić, and D. Vretenar
Physical Review C, 2013, Volume 88, Number 4
[35]
J.H. Hamilton, S. Hofmann, and Y.T. Oganessian
Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science, 2013, Volume 63, Number 1, Page 383
[36]
D N Poenaru, R A Gherghescu, and Walter Greiner
Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics, 2013, Volume 40, Number 10, Page 105105
[37]
J.M. Cornejo, A. Lorenzo, D. Renisch, M. Block, Ch.E. Düllmann, and D. Rodríguez
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 2013, Volume 317, Page 522
[38]
D N Poenaru, R A Gherghescu, and W Greiner
Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2013, Volume 436, Page 012056
[39]
R Eichler
Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2013, Volume 420, Page 012003
[40]
Michael Bender and Paul-Henri Heenen
Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2013, Volume 420, Page 012002
[41]
Andreas Türler and Valeria Pershina
Chemical Reviews, 2013, Volume 113, Number 2, Page 1237
[42]
Fritz P. Heßberger
ChemPhysChem, 2013, Volume 14, Number 3, Page 483
[43]
D. N. POENARU, R. A. GHERGHESCU, and W. GREINER
International Journal of Modern Physics E, 2012, Volume 21, Number 05, Page 1250022
[44]
S. A. Cotton
Annual Reports Section "A" (Inorganic Chemistry), 2012, Volume 108, Page 261
[45]
D. N. Poenaru, R. A. Gherghescu, and W. Greiner
Physical Review C, 2012, Volume 85, Number 3
[46]
A. N. Kuzmina, G. G. Adamian, and N. V. Antonenko
Physical Review C, 2012, Volume 85, Number 2
[47]
V. V. Sargsyan, G. G. Adamian, N. V. Antonenko, W. Scheid, and H. Q. Zhang
Physical Review C, 2012, Volume 85, Number 2
[48]
Yibin Qian and Zhongzhou Ren
Physical Review C, 2012, Volume 85, Number 2
[49]
A. N. Kuzmina, G. G. Adamian, N. V. Antonenko, and W. Scheid
Physical Review C, 2012, Volume 85, Number 1
[50]
A. N. Kuzmina, G. G. Adamian, and N. V. Antonenko
Physical Review C, 2012, Volume 85, Number 1
[51]
Jens Volker Kratz
Radiochimica Acta, 2011, Volume 99, Number 7-8, Page 477

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in