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Radiochimica Acta

International Journal for chemical aspects of nuclear science and technology

Ed. by Qaim, Syed M.

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Rank 15 out of 32 in category Nuclear Science & Technology in the 2015 Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Report/Science Edition

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Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.708
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2015: 1.048

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An attempt to select thermodynamic data and to evaluate the solubility of radioelements with uncertainty under HLW disposal conditions

1 / Seiji Takeda1 / Yuki Nishimura1 / Yoshihisa Iida1 / Tadao Tanaka1

1Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Nuclear Safety Research Center, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1195, Japan

Citation Information: Radiochimica Acta. Volume 102, Issue 11, Pages 999–1008, ISSN (Online) 2193-3405, ISSN (Print) 0033-8230, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ract-2014-2248, July 2014

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An attempt was made to select thermodynamic data with uncertainties and to evaluate the solubility of radioelements with uncertainties considering the uncertainties of the thermodynamic data and variation in groundwater chemistry. The thermodynamic data were selected by reviewing the JAEA-TDB released in 2012 from the viewpoint of consistency of the data selection process, the conservativeness of the solubility evaluation and testing up-to-date data. A Monte Carlo-based probabilistic solubility calculation code, PA-SOL, was used for the uncertainty analysis of the solubility. The uncertainty analysis for the solubility of 13 elements showed large uncertainties for Nb, Tc and U. The variations in pH, pe and total carbonate concentration assumed in this study induce significant uncertainties to the evaluated solubility. The reactions whose log K0 with uncertainties induce significant uncertainties to the evaluated solubilities were identified.

Keywords: Solubility; Thermodynamic data; High-level radioactive waste; Uncertainty; Groundwater chemistry; Database

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