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Radiochimica Acta

International Journal for chemical aspects of nuclear science and technology

Editor-in-Chief: Qaim, Syed M.


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 1.202

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Volume 106, Issue 12

Issues

Online chemical adsorption studies of Hg, Tl, and Pb on SiO2 and Au surfaces in preparation for chemical investigations on Cn, Nh, and Fl at TASCA

Lotte Lens
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  • Institut für Kernchemie, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55122 Mainz, Germany
  • GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt, Germany
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/ Alexander Yakushev
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/ Christoph Emanuel Düllmann
  • Institut für Kernchemie, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55122 Mainz, Germany
  • GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt, Germany
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/ Masato Asai / Jochen Ballof
  • Institut für Kernchemie, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55122 Mainz, Germany
  • GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt, Germany
  • Section Isolde, Cern, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland
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/ Michael Block
  • Institut für Kernchemie, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55122 Mainz, Germany
  • GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt, Germany
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/ Helena May David / John Despotopulos / Antonio Di Nitto
  • Institut für Kernchemie, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55122 Mainz, Germany
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/ Klaus Eberhardt
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/ Julia Even
  • Institut für Kernchemie, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55122 Mainz, Germany
  • GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt, Germany
  • Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, 55099 Mainz, Germany
  • KVI-Center for Advanced Radiation, Technology University of Groningen, 9747 AA Groningen, The Netherlands
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/ Michael Götz
  • Institut für Kernchemie, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55122 Mainz, Germany
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  • Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, 55099 Mainz, Germany
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/ Stefan Götz
  • Institut für Kernchemie, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55122 Mainz, Germany
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/ Hiromitsu Haba / Laura Harkness-Brennan / Fritz Peter Heßberger
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/ Rodi D. Herzberg / Jan Hoffmann / Annett Hübner / Egon Jäger / Daniel Judson / Jadambaa Khuyagbaatar
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/ Birgit Kindler / Yukiko Komori / Joonas Konki
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  • Department of Physics, University of Jyväskylä, 40014 Jyväskylä, Finland
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/ Jens Volker Kratz / Jörg Krier / Nikolaus Kurz / Mustapha Laatiaoui
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/ Susanta Lahiri / Bettina Lommel / Moumita Maiti / Andrew K. Mistry
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/ Christoph Mokry
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/ Ken Moody / Yuichiro Nagame / Jon Petter Omtvedt / Philippos Papadakis / Valeria Pershina / Jörg Runke
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/ Matthias Schädel
  • GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt, Germany
  • Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 319-1195 Tokai-mura, Naka-gun, Ibaraki, Japan
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/ Paul Scharrer
  • Institut für Kernchemie, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55122 Mainz, Germany
  • GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt, Germany
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/ Tetsuya Sato / Dawn Shaughnessy / Brigitta Schausten / Petra Thörle-Pospiech
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/ Norbert Trautmann / Kazuaki Tsukada / Juha Uusitalo / Andrew Ward / Maciej Wegrzecki / Norbert Wiehl
  • Institut für Kernchemie, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55122 Mainz, Germany
  • Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, 55099 Mainz, Germany
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/ Vera Yakusheva
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Published Online: 2018-08-11 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ract-2017-2914

Abstract

Online gas-solid adsorption studies with single-atom quantities of Hg, Tl, and Pb, the lighter homologs of the superheavy elements (SHE) copernicium (Cn, Z=112), nihonium (Nh, Z=113), and flerovium (Fl, Z=114), were carried out using short-lived radioisotopes. The interaction with Au and SiO2 surfaces was studied and the overall chemical yield was determined. Suitable radioisotopes were produced in fusion-evaporation reactions, isolated in the gas-filled recoil separator TASCA, and flushed rapidly to an adjacent setup of two gas chromatography detector arrays covered with SiO2 (first array) and Au (second array). While Tl and Pb adsorbed on the SiO2 surface, Hg interacts only weakly and reached the Au-covered array. Our results contribute to elucidating the influence of relativistic effects on chemical properties of the heaviest elements by providing experimental data on these lighter homologs.

Keywords: Homologs of superheavy elements; adsorption studies; gas phase chromatography of single atoms; thermochromatography; isothermal chromatography; physical preseparation

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About the article

Received: 2017-12-18

Accepted: 2018-06-19

Published Online: 2018-08-11

Published in Print: 2018-11-27


Citation Information: Radiochimica Acta, Volume 106, Issue 12, Pages 949–962, ISSN (Online) 2193-3405, ISSN (Print) 0033-8230, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ract-2017-2914.

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