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Radiology and Oncology

The Journal of Association of Radiology and Oncology

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Thyroid volume's influence on energy deposition from 131I calculated by Monte Carlo (MC) simulation

Ali Mowlavi
  • Department of Medical Physics, A.O.U. "Ospedali Riuniti di Trieste", Trieste, Italy
  • Physics Department, School of Sciences, Sabzevar Tarbat Moallem University, Sabzevar, Iran
/ Maria Fornasier
  • Department of Medical Physics, A.O.U. "Ospedali Riuniti di Trieste", Trieste, Italy
/ Mario de Denaro
  • Department of Medical Physics, A.O.U. "Ospedali Riuniti di Trieste", Trieste, Italy
Published Online: 2011-03-29 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10019-011-0008-5

Thyroid volume's influence on energy deposition from 131I calculated by Monte Carlo (MC) simulation

Background. It is well known that the success of the radiomethabolic 131I treatment of hyperthyroidism could depend on the absorbed dose to the thyroid. It is, thus, very important to calculate the individual radiation dose as accurately as possible for different masses of thyroid lobes. The aim of this work is to evaluate the influence of thyroid volume on the energy deposition from beta and gamma rays of 131I by Monte Carlo (MC) simulation.

Materials and methods. We have considered thyroid lobes having an ellipsoidal shape, with a density of 1.05 g/cm3 and the material composition suggested by International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP). We have calculated the energy deposition of 131I rays for different volumes of thyroid lobes by using the MCNPX code, with a full transport of beta and gamma rays.

Results and conclusions. The results show that the total energy deposition has a significant difference, till 11%, when the lobe's volume varies from 1 ml to 25 ml, respect to the value presented in MIRDOSE for a 10 g sphere. The absorbed energy fraction increases by volume, because the increasing volume to surface ratio of ellipsoidal lobe causes the decrease of beta ray fraction escaping from the lobe.

Keywords: thyroid gland; 131I radionuclide; total energy deposition; MCNPX code

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Published Online: 2011-03-29

Published in Print: 2011-06-01

Citation Information: Radiology and Oncology. Volume 45, Issue 2, Pages 143–146, ISSN (Online) 1581-3207, ISSN (Print) 1318-2099, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10019-011-0008-5, March 2011

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