Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Research in Language

The Journal of University of Lodz

4 Issues per year


CiteScore 2016: 0.27

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.271
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.453

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2083-4616
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Exploring Male and Female Voices through Epistemic Modality and Evidentiality in Some Modern English Travel Texts on the Canaries

Francisco Alonso-Almeida / Mª Isabel González-Cruz
Published Online: 2012-11-06 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10015-011-0031-z

Abstract

This article describes authorial voice through evidential and epistemic sentential devices in a corpus of 19th and early 20th century travel texts. The corpus contains four works written by female travellers and the other four by men. Therefore, apart from providing a catalogue of the strategies deployed by the authors in order to mark modality and evidentiality, we also report on expected differences in their frequencies of use in relation to the writer’s gender. In addition, the interest of this study lies in the fact that, to the best of our knowledge, no research on writer stance has previously been carried out in texts belonging to the genre of travel writing.

Keywords: evidentiality; modality; travel discourse; gendered discourse features

  • D’Este, Margaret. 1909. In the Canaries with a Camera. London: Methuen and Co. du Cane, Florence. 1911. Canary Islands. London: Adam and Charles Black.Google Scholar

  • Edwardes, Charles. 1888. Rides and Studies in the Canary Islands. London: T. Fisher Unwin.Google Scholar

  • Latimer, Isaac. 1887. A Summer Climate in Winter. Notes of a Travel in the Islands of Teneriffe and Grand Canary. Plymouth: Western Daily Mercury.Google Scholar

  • Latimer, S. Frances. 1888. The English in Canary Isles. Plymouth: Western Daily Mercury.Google Scholar

  • Lee, Harold. 1887. Madeira and the Canary Islands. A Handbook for Tourists. Liverpool: Lee and Nightingale.Google Scholar

  • Stone, Olivia M. 1887. Teneriffe and Its Six Satellites. London: Marcus Ward and Co. Lted., 2 vols.Google Scholar

  • Whitford, John. 1890. The Canary Islands as a Winter Resort. London: Edward Stanford.Google Scholar

  • Aijmer, K. 2004. Seem and evidentiality. Functions of Language 16.1: 63-88.Google Scholar

  • Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. 2004. Evidentiality. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Alonso-Almeida, Francisco. Forthcoming a. Propositional epistemic and evidential strategies in Spanish and English texts on Computing. In Juan Rafael Zamorano (ed.) Thinking Modally: English and Contrastive Studies on Modality. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.Google Scholar

  • - Forthcoming b. Sentential evidential adverbs and authorial stance in a corpus of English computing articles, RESLA. Revista española de lingüística aplicada.Google Scholar

  • Alonso-Almeida, Francisco and Laura Cruz-García. 2011. The value of may as an evidential and epistemic marker in English medical abstracts. Studia anglica posnaniensia 46.3: 59-73.Google Scholar

  • Alonso-Almeida, Francisco and Margarita Mele-Marrero. Forthcoming. Stancetaking in seventeenth century prefaces on obstetrics. Journal of Historical Pragmatics.Google Scholar

  • Anderson, Lloyd B. 1986. Evidentials, paths of change and mental maps: typologically regular asymmetries. In W. Chafe and J. Nichols (eds.) Evidentiality: The Linguistic Coding of Epistemology. New Jersey: Ablex: 273-312.Google Scholar

  • Biber, Douglas and Edward Finegan. 1988. Adverbial stance types in English. Discourse Processes 11: 1-34.Google Scholar

  • - 1989. Styles of stance in English: lexical and grammatical marking of evidentiality and affect. Text 9.1: 93-124.Google Scholar

  • Biber, Douglas, et al. 1999. Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education, Ltd.Google Scholar

  • Boas, Franz. 1947. Kwakiutl grammar, with a glossary of the suffixes Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 37.3: 201-377.Google Scholar

  • Bybee, Joan. 1985. Morphology. A Study of the Relation between Meaning and Form. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar

  • Bybee, Joan, Plagiuca, William, and Revere D. Perkins. 1994. The Evolution of Grammar: Tense, Aspect and Modality. Chicago: Chicago University Press.Google Scholar

  • Carretero, Marta. 2002. The influence of genre and register on epistemic modality in spoken English: a preliminary study. Estudios Ingleses de la Universidad Complutense 10: 11-41.Google Scholar

  • - 2004. The role of evidentiality and epistemic modality in three English spoken texts from legal proceedings. In Juana I. Marín-Arrese (ed.) Perspectives on Evidentiality and Epistemic Modality. Madrid: Editorial Complutense: 25-62.Google Scholar

  • Chafe, W. and Nichols, J. (eds.) 1986. Evidentiality: The Linguistic Coding of Epistemology. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.Google Scholar

  • Chafe, Wallace. 1986. Evidentiality in English conversation and academic writing. In Wallace Chafe and Johanna Nichols (eds.) Evidentiality: The linguistic coding of epistemology . Norwood: Ablex: 261-72.Google Scholar

  • Cornillie, Bert. 2009. Evidentiality and epistemic modality: on the close relationship of two different categories. Functions of Language 16.1: 44-62.Google Scholar

  • De Haan, Ferdinand. 2005. Encoding speaker perspective: Evidentials. In Z. Frajzyngier and D. Rood (eds.) Linguistic Diversity and Language Theories. Amsterdam: John Benjamins: 379-97.Google Scholar

  • Dendale, Patrick. 2001. Introduction: Evidentiality and related notions. Journal of Pragmatics 33.3: 339-48.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Downing, Angela. 2001. “Surely you knew!” Surely as a marker of evidentiality and stance. Functions of Language 8.2: 253-85.Ferrari, L. 2009. Marcadores de modalidad epistémico y evidencial en el análisis de las conclusiones de artículos de investigación de disciplinas distintas, ALED.Google Scholar

  • González-Cruz, Ma. Isabel. 2002. Notas para una bibliografía inglesa sobre Canarias. La Laguna: Instituto de Estudios Canarios en la Universidad de La Laguna.Google Scholar

  • - 2012. El viaje de Isaac Latimer (1887) a Canarias: su visión de las islas. In José Manuel Marrero Henríquez, et al. (eds.) La luz no interrumpida. homenaje a Eugenio Padorno. Madrid: Ediciones clásicas: 93-107.Google Scholar

  • - Forthcoming. Olivia M. Stone y el patrimonio prehispánico grancanario. Frankfurt: Peter Lang.Google Scholar

  • González-Cruz, Ma. Isabel and González-de la Rosa, Ma. Pilar. 2006. Language and travel: Spanish vocabulary in British travel books. Tesserae. Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies 12.2-3: 203-17.Google Scholar

  • González-Vázquez, Mercedes. 2000. La modalidad epistémico subjetiva/objetiva y su interacción con la evidencialidad. In José Oliver-Frade, et al. (eds.) Cien años de investigación semántica, de Michel Breal a la actualidad. Actas del Congreso Internacional de Semántica. La Laguna: Universidad de La Laguna.Google Scholar

  • - 2006. Las fuentes de la información. Tipología, semántica y pragmática de la evidencialidad. Vigo: Servizo de Publicacións Universidade de Vigo.Google Scholar

  • Guentchéva, Z. (ed.) 1996. L’énonciation médiatisée, ed. 35 Bibliothèque de l’Information Grammaticale. Louvain-Paris: Peeters.Google Scholar

  • Haan, Ferdinan De. 1999. Evidentiality and epistemic modality: Setting boundaries. Southwest Journal of Linguistics 18: 83-101.Google Scholar

  • Haviland, J. B. 1987. Fighting words: Evidential particles, affect and argument. In J. Aske, et al. (eds.) Proceedings of the Thirteenth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society on Grammar and Cognition. Berkeley, California: 343-54.Google Scholar

  • Hidalgo-Downing, Laura. 2004. Non-verbal markers of modality and evidentiality and the expression of writer stance in a comparable corpus of editorials and news articles.Google Scholar

  • In Juana I. Marín Arrese (ed.) Perspectives on Evidentiality and Modality. Madrid: Editorial Complutense: 205-28.Google Scholar

  • Hyland, Ken. 1998. Hedging in Scientific Research Articles. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.Google Scholar

  • Ifantidou, Elly. 2001. Evidentials and Relevance. Amsterdam: John Benjamins).Google Scholar

  • Johanson, Lars and Bo Utas (eds.) 2000. Evidentials: Turkic, Iranian, and Neighbouring Languages. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar

  • Joseph, Brian D. 2003. Evidentials, summation, questions, prospects. In Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald and R. Dixon (eds.) Studies in Evidentiality. Amsterdam: John Benjamins: 307-27.Google Scholar

  • Kratzer, Angelika. 1981. The notional category of modality. In H. J. Eikmeyer and H. Rieser (eds.) Words, Worlds, and Contexts. New Approaches in Word Semantics. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter: 38-74.Google Scholar

  • Lazard, Gilbert. 2001. On the grammaticalization of evidentiality, Journal of Pragmatics, 33.3: 359-68.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Marín Arrese, Juana I. (ed.) 2004. Perspectives on Evidentiality and Modality. Madrid: Editorial complutense.Google Scholar

  • Marín-Arrese, Juana I. 2004. Evidential and epistemic qualifications in the discourse of fact and opinion: A comparable corpus study. In Juana I. Marín-Arrese (ed.) Perspectives on Evidentiality and Modality. Madrid: Editorial Complutense: 153-184.Google Scholar

  • Marín-Arrese, Juana I., Laura Hidalgo-Downing, and Silvia Molina-Plaza. 2004. Evidential, epistemic and deontic modality in English and Spanish: The expression of writer stance in newspaper discourse. In Roberta Facchinetti and Frank Palmer (eds.) English Modality in Perspective. Genre Analysis and contrastive Studies. Frankfurt: Peter Lang: 121-40.Google Scholar

  • Nuyts, Jan. 2001. Subjectivity as an evidential dimension in epistemic modal expressions. Journal of Pragmatics 33.3: 383-400.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Ortega-Barrera, Ivalla and Amelia Torres-Ramírez. 2010. Estudio sobre los abstracts de artículos de investigación informáticos: evidencialidad y modalidad textual. Revista de lingüística y lenguas aplicadas 5.1: 141-53.Google Scholar

  • Palmer, Frank. 1986. Mood and Modality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Plungian, Vladimir. 2001. The place of evidentiality within the universal grammatical space. Journal of Pragmatics 18.2: 245-73.Google Scholar

  • Sperber, Dan and Deirdre Wilson. 1986. Relevance: Communication and Cognition. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar

  • van der Auwera, J. and Vladimir Plungian. 1998. On modality’s semantic map. Linguistic Typology 2: 79-124.Google Scholar

  • Wierzbicka, Anna. 2006. English: Meaning and Culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Willet, Thomas. 1988. A cross-linguistic survey of the grammaticalization of evidentiality. Studies in Language 12.1: 51-96.Google Scholar

About the article

Francisco Alonso-Almeida

Dr Francisco Alonso-Almeida is leader of the Research Project “Evidencialidad en un corpus multidisciplinar de artículos científico-técnicos en lengua inglesa”, grant FFI 2009-10801 (Spanish Ministry for Science and Innovation and European Regional Development Fund). This grant is hereby gratefully acknowledged. PROEXT grant PR2011-0115 is also acknowledged.

Mª Isabel González-Cruz

Dr Mª Isabel González-Cruz is a member of the Research Project “El viaje a Canarias y sus escrituras II: Catálogo digital de autores y textos”, grant FFI FFI2011-25994 (Spanish Ministry for Science and Innovation and European Regional Development Fund). This grant is also hereby gratefully acknowledged. We would also like to thank Prof. Nina Vivanco for the painstaking work of proofreading the last draft of this paper, as well as for her valuable comments and suggestions to improve it.


Received:

Accepted:

Published Online: 2012-11-06

Published in Print: 2012-10-01


Citation Information: Research in Language, ISSN (Online) 2083-4616, ISSN (Print) 1731-7533, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10015-011-0031-z.

Export Citation

This content is open access.

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in