Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Research in Language

The Journal of University of Lodz

4 Issues per year


CiteScore 2016: 0.27

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.271
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.453

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2083-4616
See all formats and pricing
More options …

The Pragmatic Functions of Repetition in TV Discourse

Ghaleb Rabab'ah / Ali Farhan Abuseileek
Published Online: 2013-01-29 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10015-012-0004-x

Abstract

Since repetition is a natural phenomenon used to perform various functions in interactional discourse, adopting a pragmatic analysis to the discourse of Dr. Phil and his guests on Dr. Phil's TV show, this study attempted to explore the pragmatic functions of such repetitions as used by English native speakers. The data were gathered from conversations between native speakers of English, and based on 7 full episodes of Dr. Phil's TV Show. The researchers watched, and studied these episodes on YouTube. The study revealed that one of the salient features of TV discourse is repetition, which is employed to perform a variety of language functions. Repetition was used to express emphasis, clarity, emotions, highlight the obvious, be questionable, express annoyance, persuasion, express surprise, give instructions, and as a filler in order to take time, when the speaker was searching for a proper word to say what would come next. The study concluded that these findings had significant implications for EFL/ESL teachers and the interlanguage development of EFL/ESL learners.

Keywords: TV discourse; media; self-repetition; repair; repetition functions; communication strategies

  • Aznárez-Mauleo'n, M. 2013. An approach to the host’s discursive style in Spanish ‘‘testimony’’ talk shows. Journal of Pragmatics, 45: 50-73.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Bada, E. 2010. Repetitions as vocalized fillers and self-repairs in English and French interlanguages. Journal of Pragmatics, 42: 1680-1688.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Bazzanella, C. 2011. Redundancy, repetition, and intensity in discourse. Language Sciences, 33: 243-254.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Bilal, H., Ahsan, H., Mujeeb, H. Gohar, S., Younis, Y, Awan, S. 2012. Critical discourse analysis of Political TV Talk Shows of Pakistani Media. Journal of International Linguistics, 4 (1): 203-219.Google Scholar

  • Brody, J. 1986. Repetition as a rhetorical and conversational device in Tojolabal (Mayan). International Journal of American Linguistics, 52 (3): 255-274.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Bublitz,W. 1989. Repetition in spoken discourse. Anglistentag 352-368.Google Scholar

  • Cho, Eun Hye 2008. An Examination of the Use of Repair Strategies of Elementary English as a Second Language (ESL) Students: By Class Type and Grade Levels. PhD Dissertation. Texas A & M University.Google Scholar

  • Dornyei, Z. 1995. On the Teachability of Communication Strategies. TESOL QUARTERLY, 29: 55-85.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Dornyei, Z. and Thurrell, S. 1991. Strategic competence and how to teach it. ELT Journal, 45 (1): 16-23.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Dornyei, Zoltan, Scott, Mary L. 1997. Communication strategies in second language: definitions and taxonomies. Language Learning, 47: 173-210.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Dornyei, Z. and Thurrell, S. 1994. Teaching conversational skills intensively: Course content and rationale. ELT Journal, 48: 40-49.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Erickson, F. 1984. Rhetoric, anecdote, and rhapsody: Coherence strategies in a conversation among Black American adolescents. In Tannen D. (ed.) Coherence in Spoken and Written Discourse (pp. 91-102). Norwood, NJ: Ablex.Google Scholar

  • Færch, C., Kasper, G. 1983. Plans and strategies in foreign language communication. In Fsrch, C., Kasper, G. (eds.), Strategies in Interlanguage Communication (pp. 20­44). Longman, London.Google Scholar

  • Fillmore, C. J. 1979. On fluency. In Fillmore, C. J., Kempler, D. & Wang W. S. Y. (Eds.), Individual differences in language ability and language behavior (pp.85-102). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar

  • Fung, L. 2007. The communicative role of self-repetition in a specialised corpus of business discourse. Language Awareness, 7 (3): 224-239.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Geng, B. 2007. An Analysis of Communication Strategies Employed By Turkish- Speakers of English. PhD Dissertation. Adana: University of Qukurova.Google Scholar

  • Green, G.M. 2008. Pragmatics and Natural Language Understanding, 2nd ed. NY: Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Hess-Luttich, E., 2001. Textsorten gesprochener Sprache. In: Helbig, G., Lutz, H., Gert, Krumm H.-J. (Eds.), Deutsch als Fremdsprache. Ein internationales Handbuch [German as a Foreign Language] De Gruyter, Berlin, New York, pp. 280-300.Google Scholar

  • Hess-Luttich, E. 2007. (Pseudo-) Argumentation in TV-debates. Journal of Pragmatics, 39: 1360-1370.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Holmes, J. and Stubbe, M. 2003. Power and Politeness in the Workplace. Harlow: Pearson Education.Google Scholar

  • Hsieh, F. 2011. Repetition in social interaction: A case study on Mandarin conversations. International Journal on Asian Language Processing, 19 (4): 153-168.Google Scholar

  • Kernan, K.T. 1977. Semantic and expressive elaboration in children’s narratives. In Ervin-Tripp, S. and Mitchell-Kernan, C. (eds.), Child Discourse (pp. 91-102). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar

  • Kim, H. 2002. The form and function of next-turn repetition in English conversation. Language Research, 38: 51-81.Google Scholar

  • Kocoglu, Z. 1997. The role of gender on communication strategy use. ERIC. Retrieved on March 23, 2010 from http://www.eric.ed.gov/PDFS/ED409725.pdf. <http://www.eric.ed.gov/PDFS/ED409725.pdf>Google Scholar

  • Koshik, I., Seo, M. 2008. Language learners’ solutions to word (and other) searches. 2008 Conference of the National Communication Association. San Diego, CA.Google Scholar

  • Laakso, M. (2010). Cut-off or particle-devices for initiating self-repair in conversation. Journal of Pragmatics, 42: 1151-1171.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Lee, Jee Won 2010. Repetition of Personal Pronominal Forms in Mandarin and Construction of Stance in Interaction. PhD Dissertation. Los Angeles: University of California.Google Scholar

  • McCarthy, M. 1998. Spoken Language and Applied Linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • McCarthy, M. and Carter, R. 1995. Spoken grammar: What is it and how can we teach it? ELT Journal, 49: 207-218.Google Scholar

  • Murata, K. 1995. Repetitions: A cross-cultural study. World English, 14: 343-356.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Norrick, Neal, R. 1987. Functions of repetition in conversation. TEXT, 7 (3): 245-264.Google Scholar

  • Ochs, E., & Schieffelin, B. 1983. Acquiring Conversational Competence. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.Google Scholar

  • Rabab’ah, G. 2001. An Investigation into the Strategic Competence of Arab Learners of English at Jordanian Universities. PhD Dissertation, University of Newcastle Upon Tyne/U.K.Google Scholar

  • Rabab’ah, G. and Bulut, D. 2007. Compensatory Strategies in Arabic as a Second Language. Poznan Studies in Contemporary Linguistics, Vol. 43, No. 2, pp. 83-106. Rees, M.A (2007). Discourse analysis and argumentation theory: The case of television talk. Journal of Pragmatics, 39: 1454-1463.Google Scholar

  • Rieger, C. L. 2003. Repetition as self-repair strategies in English and German conversations. Journal of Pragmatics, 35 (1): 47-69.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Rieger, C.L. 2000. Self-repair Strategies of English-German Bilinguals in Informal Conversations: The Role of Language, Gender and Proficiency. PhD Dissertation. University of AlbertaGoogle Scholar

  • Sawir, E. 2004. Keeping up with native speakers: The many and positive roles of repetition in the conversations of EFL learners. Asian EFL Journal, 6: 1-32.Google Scholar

  • Schegloff, E.A., Jefferson, G., Sachs, H. 1977. The preference for self-correction in the organization of repair in conversation. Language, 53: 361-382.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Schegloff, E. 1987. Recycled turn beginnings: A precise mechanism in conversation’s turn-taking organization. In Button, G. & Lee, J. (eds.), Talk and Social Organisation, (pp. 70-100). Clevedon, England: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar

  • Shimanoff, S. and Brunak, J. 1977. Repairs in planned and unplanned discourse. In Keenan, E. and Benett, T. (eds), Discourse across Time and Space (pp. 123-167). Los Angeles: University of Southern California.Google Scholar

  • Shriberg, E.E. 1994. Preliminaries to a Theory of Speech Disfluencies. PhD Dissertation. Berkeley: University of California.Google Scholar

  • Stuart, S. & Lynn, P. 1995. Development of communication strategies among foreign language learners. Mountain Interstate Foreign Language Review, 5: 122-127.Google Scholar

  • Tannen, D. 1987. Repetition in conversation as spontaneous formulaicity. TEXT, 7: 215­243.Google Scholar

  • Tannen, D. 1989. Talking Voices: Repetition, Dialogue, and Imagery in Conversational Discourse. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Tarone, E. 1977. Conscious communication strategies in interlanguage. In Brown, H., Yorio, C., Crymes, R. (eds.), On TESOL’77. TESOL (pp. 194-203). Washington. Tarone, E. 1980. Communication strategies, foreigner talk and repair in interlanguage. Language Learning, 30 (2): 417-431.Google Scholar

  • Thornborrow, J. 2007. Narrative, opinion and situated argument in talk show discourse. Journal of Pragmatics, 39: 1436-1453.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Tyler, A. 1994. The role of repetition in perceptions of discourse coherence. Journal of Pragmatics, 21: 671-688.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Walsh, S. 2006. Investigating Classroom Discourse. London: Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Wong, J. 2000. Repetition in conversation: A look at ‘first and second sayings’. Research on Language and Social Interaction, 33: 407-424.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Yule, G. 1996. Pragmatics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Google Scholar

About the article

Ghaleb Rabab'ah

Dr. Ghaleb Rabab'ah holds a PhD in Linguistics from the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, England. He is currently an Associate Professor of English at Alfaisal University, Saudi Arabia. His research interests include psycholinguistic aspects of second language, and language learning and teaching. He has published many research papers on linguistics, TESL, and CALL in international journals, such as Journal of Pragmatics, Poznan Studies in Contemporary Linguistics, and ITL-International Journal of Applied Linguistics.

Ali Farhan Abuseileek

Dr. Ali Farhan AbuSeileek is an Associate Professor at Al al-Bayt University. He has published papers and designed several CALL programs for EFL learners. His major research interest is CALL and its application in EFL teaching and testing, machine translation, and CALL program development.


Published Online: 2013-01-29

Published in Print: 2012-12-01


Citation Information: Research in Language, ISSN (Online) 2083-4616, ISSN (Print) 1731-7533, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10015-012-0004-x.

Export Citation

This content is open access.

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in