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Restaurator. International Journal for the Preservation of Library and Archival Material

Editor-in-Chief: Eyb-Green, Sigrid / Henniges, Ute

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1865-8431
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Volume 34, Issue 2 (May 2013)

Issues

Salvage and Treatment for the Archives in Beichuan Earthquake

Professor, Ph.D. Meifang Zhang
  • Corresponding author
  • School of Information Resource Management, Renmin University of China (RUC), No.59, Zhongguancun Street, Haidian Dist, Beijing, China (100872)
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/ Ying Sun
  • Corresponding author
  • Postgraduate, School of Information Resource Management, Renmin University of China (RUC), No.59, Zhongguancun Street, Haidian Dist, Beijing, China (100872)
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Published Online: 2013-05-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/res-2013-0005

Abstract

In 2008, Beichuan Archives were severely damaged by a massive earthquake. Immediate rescue work was followed by elaborate treatment of damaged documents. In the first stage, archival documents were rescued from the immediate earthquake zone. They were classified into two groups roughly according to their degree of damage. Severely damaged archival documents were stored in a cold storage warehouse and those with a less extensive degree of damage could be stored in a temporary repository. The second stage involved three treatment measures for the severely damaged archival documents: vacuum freeze drying, disinfection by means of ethylene oxide and finally conservation measures involving surface cleaning, mechanical stabilization, mounting and binding. Finally, all treated documents were digitalized.

Zusammenfassung

Bergung und Behandlung des erdbebengeschädigten Archivs von Beichuan

Die Rettungsmaßnahmen des durch das Erdbeben in Beichuan geschädigten Archivs erfolgten in zwei Arbeitsgängen. Zunächst wurde das Archivgut aus der Erdbebenzone geborgen und der Schädigungsgrad der Objekte grob klassifiziert. Die schwer geschädigten Materialien wurden in einem Kühlhaus gelagert, Objekte mit geringer Schädigung in einem temporären Depot. Im zweiten Stadium wurden insbesondere die schwer geschädigten Bestände zunächst gefriergetrocknet, in einem anschließenden Behandlungsschritt mit Ethylenoxid sterilisiert und schließlich einer Restaurierung unterzogen, die ihre Reinigung, Stabilisierung und Montage umfasste.

Résumé

Sauvetage et traitement des archives de Beichuan endommagées par le tremblement de terre

Les opérations de sauvetage des archives de Beichuan endommagées par le tremblement de terre se sont effectuées en deux étapes, le sauvetage proprement dit et le traitement. Dans un premier temps les documents d’archives ont été récupérés de la zone affectée par le séisme et classes grosso modo en deux groupes selon le degré de détérioration qu’ils présentaient. Les matériaux gravement endommagés ont été placés dans un entrepôt frigorifique et les objets moins sévèrement atteints ont été déposés temporairement dans un abri de stockage. Au cours de la seconde phase trois mesures ont été prises spécialement pour le traitement des archives gravement endommagées. Premièrement le séchage des archives par lyophilisation. Deuxièmement la stérilisation à l’aide d’oxyde d’éthylène. Et finalement une restauration comprenant leur nettoyage, stabilisation et montage. Tous les documents sauvés et restaurés ont été numérisés.

About the article

Professor, Ph.D. Meifang Zhang

Meifang Zhang is Professor, Ph.D.and acted as Visiting scholar in Pittsburgh University from Sep, 2006 to Sep, 2007. She is a vice head of Archives Preservation Commission of China, the head of National Image Technology Standard Commission. She is also an expert of ISO TC171 SC3. She is the editor of digital and microfilm image. She has published 56 articles on preservation or heritage. Her main publications are “Theory and practice for Documents heritage preservation management”, “Archives preservation technology”, “Identification of Archives”, “Recording and storage technology of information”, “Treasure of National Archives of Canada”, translate and edit, literature and history press.2009.7, “Prevention and Cure of Archives Pests” and “Mounting Technology of Archives in China”, member of the 7-expert panel of rescue and treatment on Beichuan earthquake archives.

Ying Sun

Ying Sun is postgraduate at the School of Information Resource Management, Renmin University of China. She majored in archives preservation & conservation and takes part in the project of research on the disaster archives rescue and treatment.


Published Online: 2013-05-25

Published in Print: 2013-05-01


Citation Information: Restaurator. International Journal for the Preservation of Library and Archival Material, ISSN (Online) 1865-8431, ISSN (Print) 0034-5806, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/res-2013-0005.

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