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Reviews in Chemical Engineering

Editor-in-Chief: Luss, Dan / Brauner, Neima

Editorial Board: Agar, David / Davis, Mark E. / Edgar, Thomas F. / Giorno, Lidietta / Joshi, J. B. / Khinast, Johannes / Kost, Joseph / Leal, L. Gary / Li, Jinghai / Mills, Patrick / Morbidelli, Massimo / Ng, Ka Ming / Schouten, Jaap C. / Seinfeld, John / Stitt, E. Hugh / Tronconi, Enrico / Vayenas, Constantinos G. / Zagoruiko, Andrey

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 4.200

CiteScore 2018: 4.96

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Volume 29, Issue 6


N-Substituted carbazole heterocycles and derivatives as multipurpose chemical species: at the interface of chemical engineering, polymer and materials science

Jean-Paul Lellouche
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Chemistry, Nanomaterials Research Center, Institute for Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan 52900, Israel
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Rik Rani Koner / Subrata Ghosh
Published Online: 2013-09-07 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/revce-2013-0023


Due to recent progress in synthetics, the ready obtainment of various N-substituted carbazole heterocycles opened a wide window of scientific and industrial opportunities in different R&D domains. As summarized in this review article, such attractive R&D domains concern (a) electrochemically grown functional polycarbazole films for (bio/chemo)sensing, covalent grafting of biomolecules, nanomaterial fabrication (polycarbazole-containing nanorings and dendrimers), and surface patterning/engineering (biochip fabrication), and (b) oxidatively grown materials containing a polycarbazole phase (template or non-templated liquid oxidation polymerizations). This last general approach led to numerous developments in the fabrication of various composite materials incorporating single/multiwalled carbon nanotubes, graphene oxide, and magnetic magnetite-based nanoparticles for the ultrasensitive detection of DNA hybridization for example. Some liquid-phase oxidative polymerizations of UV-sensitive carbazole-containing species also afforded corresponding polymeric UV-reactive microspheres for UV surface patterning and functionalization/structuration. All these novel polycarbazole-containing species generally possess interesting optical properties useful for sensing and photoelectronic/photovoltaic applications. In summary, the already proven rich organic chemistry and corresponding (electro/chemical) polymerization properties of such specific carbazole heterocycles are expected to generate even more wider output applications far beyond current knowledge in the field (combinatorial polymeric engineering, biocompatible medical devices/materials, for example).

Keywords: carbazole; engineered materials; functional polymer; polymerization


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About the article

Jean-Paul Lellouche

Jean-Paul (Moshe) Lellouche earned his PhD degree in 1981 (radio-isotopic chemistry, La Doua Faculty, Lyon, France). Then in October 2000 he joined the Department of Chemistry/Institute of Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials of Bar-Ilan University (Israel) and since July 2008 has been a full professor in organic chemistry/nano(bio)technology. His main research interests focus on the development of conducting polymers (CPs)/related nanocomposites as well as on functional nanoscale colloids for diverse materials (carbon nanotube/graphene-CP composites – solar/fuel cells), bio/immunosensing applications (nanoscale systems for siRNA/microRNA delivery, and photo-reactive catalyst nanoparticles (renewable energies). He has authored 105 peer-reviewed papers, 14 patents, and 3 book chapters.

Rik Rani Koner

Rik Rani Koner obtained her PhD degree from the Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IITG) under the supervision of Professor Manabendra Ray. She then moved to Professor Tochtrop’s research group at Case Western Reserve University, USA, for postdoctoral studies. Next, she moved to Professor Krautscheid’s lab located at the Department of Chemistry, University of Leipzig, Germany, for postdoctoral studies. Currently, she is working as a Young Scientist in the IIT Mandi. Her main research interests are to develop porous materials as next-generation energy storage and chiral metal-organic framework.

Subrata Ghosh

After receiving his PhD degree from IITG under the supervision of Professor A.T. Khan in 2006, Subrata Ghosh moved to Professor Lellouche’s group at Bar-Ilan University (Israel) for postdoctoral studies. He then joined Professor Tochtrop’s group at Case Western Reserve University (USA) as a postdoctoral fellow in 2008. In the meantime, he was awarded the Alexander von Humboldt fellowship and joined Professor Schneider’s group at University of Leipzig as Humboldt fellow to pursue postdoctoral studies in 2009. Currently, he is working as an assistant professor in IIT Mandi. His research interests include organic electronics, chemo-/biosensors and energetic materials.

Corresponding authors: Jean-Paul Lellouche, Department of Chemistry, Nanomaterials Research Center, Institute for Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan 52900, Israel, e-mail: ; and Subrata Ghosh, School of Basic Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Mandi, Mandi 175001, India, e-mail:

Received: 2013-06-24

Accepted: 2013-08-08

Published Online: 2013-09-07

Published in Print: 2013-12-01

Citation Information: Reviews in Chemical Engineering, Volume 29, Issue 6, Pages 413–437, ISSN (Online) 2191-0235, ISSN (Print) 0167-8299, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/revce-2013-0023.

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Macromolecules, 2017, Volume 50, Number 4, Page 1319
Robert Schroot, Ulrich S. Schubert, and Michael Jäger
Macromolecules, 2016, Volume 49, Number 23, Page 8801
Jacob R. Stepherson, Caitlan E. Ayala, Thomas H. Tugwell, Jeffrey L. Henry, Frank R. Fronczek, and Rendy Kartika
Organic Letters, 2016, Volume 18, Number 12, Page 3002
Masamitsu Taguchi, Yusuke Tokimizu, Shinya Oishi, Nobutaka Fujii, and Hiroaki Ohno
Organic Letters, 2015, Volume 17, Number 24, Page 6250
Reza B. Moghaddam and Peter G. Pickup
Electrochimica Acta, 2014, Volume 130, Page 577
Joyeeta Roy and Dipakranjan Mal
European Journal of Organic Chemistry, 2014, Volume 2014, Number 9, Page 1873

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