Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Review of Economic Perspectives

Národohospodárský obzor; The Journal of Masaryk University

4 Issues per year


CiteScore 2016: 0.50

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.262
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.516

Open Access
Online
ISSN
1804-1663
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 14, Issue 2 (Jun 2014)

Issues

Comparison of Urban and Suburban Rail Transport in Germany and in the Czech Republic

Daniel Seidenglanz / Filip Chvátal / Katerina Nedvedová
Published Online: 2014-07-10 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/revecp-2014-0009

Abstract

Rail transport is an environmentally friendly form of passenger transport which can be utilized effectively also in urban and suburban transport systems. The paper describes the urban and suburban rail transport system including comparison of selected Czech (Prague, Brno and Ostrava) and German metropolitan regions (Munich, Nuremberg and Dresden). Its aim is to analyze the importance of various factors influencing the differences between the situation in Germany and in the Czech Republic. Therefore, the research question is whether these differences are primarily caused by a different liberalization stage, or whether they are a result of other factors such as available infrastructure, investment level, rail transport services budget, structure and activity of ordering bodies and coordinators or geographical context. The supply of city and suburban rail transport is quite good in Germany and in the Czech Republic, although trains in Munich, Nuremberg and Dresden run more frequently, faster and are better interconnected with car transport. German rail transport sector is at a higher stage of liberalization, and tendering procedures are the preferred selection method for contractor carriers. However, a degree of liberalization of the railway sector is not the key marker indicating a better standard of urban and suburban rail transport in Germany because it is the high standard which is achieved as the consequence of the professional activity of the ordering bodies and train service coordinators in combination with geographical conditions, available financial sources and effective transport infrastructure. On the other hand, the importance of liberalization cannot be totally overlooked as tenders are a tool for the ordering bodies to strongly affect the price and quality of transport services in their area. The supply of better quality and attractive transport to passengers could increase the usage of rail transport in metropolitan regions and could have indirect but important socio-economic impacts

Keywords: railways; urban rail transport; suburban rail transport; metropolitan region; European transport policy; liberalization; Germany; the Czech Republic

References

  • BECK, A. (2011). Barriers to Entry in Rail Passenger Services: Empirical Evidence for Tendering Procedures in Germany. European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research. 11(1), 2011, pp. 20-41.Google Scholar

  • BRANDT, T. (2006). Liberalisation, privatisation and regulation in the German local public transport sector. Country reports on liberalisation and privatisation processes and forms of regulation. Düsseldorf: Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliches Institut in der Hans-Böckler-Stiftung.Google Scholar

  • BRINKE, J. (1999). Úvod do geografie dopravy. Praha: Univerzita Karlova v Praze - nakladatelství Karolinum.Google Scholar

  • CHARLTON, C., VOWLES, T. (2008). Inter-urban and regional transport. In R. Knowles, J. Shaw, I. Docherty (Eds.), Transport geographies: mobilities, flows and spaces (pp. 120-136). Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.Google Scholar

  • DOLEŽALOVÁ, G., OUREDNÍCEK, M. (2006). Životní styl obyvatel v suburbánní zóne Prahy. In M. Ourednícek (Ed.) Sociální geografie pražského mestského regionu (pp. 143-159). Praha: Univerzita Karlova v Praze.Google Scholar

  • DUKÁT, J. (2005). Co s brnenským železnicním uzlem?. Národohospodárský obzor. Roc. V, 4-2005, pp. 6-20.Google Scholar

  • GIVONI, M. (2006). Development and impact of the modern high-speed train: a review. Transport reviews. 26(5), pp. 593-611. DOI: 10.1080/01441640600589319.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • GUTIÉRREZ, J., GARCÍA-PALOMARES, J.C. (2007). New spatial patterns of mobility within the metropolitan area of Madrid: towards more complex and dispersed flow networks. Journal of transport geography. 15 (2007), pp. 18-30. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2006.01.002.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • HAMPL, M. (2005). Geografická organizace spolecnosti v Ceské republice: transformacní procesy a jejich obecný kontext. Praha: Univerzita Karlova v Praze.Google Scholar

  • HERBERT, D.T., THOMAS, C.J. (1997). Cities in space, city as a place. 3rd ed. London: David Fulton Publishers.Google Scholar

  • HOLVAD, T. (2009). Review of railway policy reforms in Europe. Built Environment. 35(1), pp. 24-42.Google Scholar

  • HORNÁK, M., PŠENKA, T. (2013). Verejná doprava ako indikátor medzisídelných väzieb medzi mestami Slovenska. Geografický casopis. Vol. 65, no. 2 (2013), pp. 119-140.Google Scholar

  • HUNOLD, M., WOLF, Ch. (2013). Competitive procurement design: Evidence from regional passenger railway services in Germany. ZEW Discussion Paper. No. 13-009, pp. 1-22.Google Scholar

  • IBM Corporation. (2011). Rail Liberalisation Index 2011. Market opening: comparison of the rail markets of the Member States of the European Union, Switzerland and Norway. Brussels: IBM Corporation.Google Scholar

  • KNOWLES, R.D. (2006). Transport shaping space: differential collapse in time-space. Journal of transport geography. 14 (2006), pp. 407-425. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2006.07.001.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • KORDIS JMK. (2011). Integrovaný dopravní systém Jihomoravského kraje - zpráva o vývoji, duben 2011. Brno: Kordis JMK, spol. s r.o.Google Scholar

  • KORDIS JMK. (2014). 10 let IDS JMK. Brno: Kordis JMK a.s.Google Scholar

  • KRIŽAN, F., HORNÁK, M. (2012). Vplyv súkromného prepravcu na verejnú železnicnú dopravu: prípadová štúdia spolocnosti Regio JET na Slovensku. In M. Kvizda, Z. Tomeš (Eds.), Konkurence na železnici - budoucnost pro 21. století nebo destrukce síte? Sborník príspevku ze semináre Telc 2012 (pp. 22-31). Brno: Masarykova univerzita.Google Scholar

  • KVIZDA, M. (2010). Impacts of Unbundling on Competitiveness of Railways. Železnicní doprava a logistika. Roc. 2010, c. 02, pp. 66-72.Google Scholar

  • KVIZDA, M., MLSNA, P., NIGRIN, T., SEIDENGLANZ, D., TOMEŠ, Z. (2013). Metodika optimalizace institucionálního prostredí v železnicní doprave v Ceské republice. Brno, Praha: Masarykova univerzita, Univerzita Karlova v Praze.Google Scholar

  • LÄGER, J. (2004). Wettbewerb und Regionalisierung im SPNV - Ein Handbuch. Krefeld: Röhr-Verlag für spezielle Verkehrsliteratur.Google Scholar

  • LEJCAR, I. (2009). Prímestská železnice - duležitá soucást verejné dopravy. Vybrané príklady z evropských mest - inspirace pro Prahu. Praha: Ministerstvo dopravy.Google Scholar

  • MAIER, K., MULÍCEK, O., FRANKE, D. (2010). Vývoj regionalizace a vliv infrastruktur na atraktivitu území Ceské republiky. Urbanismus a územní rozvoj. Roc. XIII, c. 5, pp. 71-81.Google Scholar

  • MARADA, M. (2006). Dopravní vztahy v Pražském mestském regionu. In M. Ourednícek (Ed.) Sociální geografie pražského mestského regionu (pp. 64-78). Praha: Univerzita Karlova v Praze.Google Scholar

  • MOFAIR e. V, NETZWERK EUROPÄISCHER EISENBAHNEN e. V. (2013). Wettbewerber- Report Eisenbahn 2013/2014. Berlin.Google Scholar

  • MOJŽÍŠ, V., GRAJA, M., VANCURA, P. (2008). Integrované dopravní systémy. Praha: powerprint. NIGRIN, T. (2014). Open Competition or Discrimination on Tracks? Examples of Anticompetitive Behaviour of the Deutsche Bahn. Review of Economic Perspectives - Národohospodárský prostor. Roc. 14, c. 1, pp. 16-33.Google Scholar

  • NOVÁK, K. (2009). Železnicní doprava - páter IDS JMK. Retrieved September 19, 2013, from http://www.railvolution.net/czechraildays/2009/odborne-seminare.php.Google Scholar

  • NOVOTNÝ, V., FRANKE, D., POKORNÁ, I. (2008). A theoretical approach to the computation of functional accessibility. Journal of landscape studies. 1 (2008), pp. 79-89.Google Scholar

  • PROCHÁZKA, P. (2009). Železnice v pražské integrované doprave. Retrieved September 19, 2013, from http://www.railvolution.net/czechraildays/2009/odborneseminare.php.Google Scholar

  • PwC. (2013). Liberalisierung im Güter- und Personenverkehr schreitet voran. Retrieved September 25, 2013, from http://www.pwc.de/de/transport-undlogistik/liberalisierung-im-gueter-und-personenverkehr.jhtml.Google Scholar

  • SCHLIEPHAKE, K. (1999). Reunification of Germany's transport infrastructures - projects and achievements. In J. Kitowski (Ed.), Prace Komisji Geografii Komunikacji PTG (pp. 319-334). Warszawa, Rzeszow: Komisja Geografii Komunikacji Polskiego Towarzystwa Geograficznego, Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej.Google Scholar

  • SCHLIEPHAKE, K. (2001). Personenverkehr in Deutschland. STANDORT - Zeitschrift für Angewandte Geographie. Heft 1, März 2001, 25. Jahrgang, pp. 19-28.Google Scholar

  • SCHNELL, M. (2001). Competition for the German regional rail passenger market 5 years after regionalization. Transport Reviews. 22(3), pp. 323-334. DOI: 10.1080/01441640110096607.Google Scholar

  • SEIDENGLANZ, D. (2006). Železnice v Evrope a evropská dopravní politika. Brno: Masarykova univerzita.Google Scholar

  • SEIDENGLANZ, D. (2007). Dopravní charakteristiky venkovského prostoru. Disertacní práce. Masarykova univerzita, Prírodovedecká fakulta.Google Scholar

  • SEIDENGLANZ, D. (2008). Geografie dopravy. In V. Toušek, J. Kunc, J. Vystoupil (Eds.), Ekonomická a sociální geografie (pp. 231-269). Plzen: Aleš Cenek.Google Scholar

  • TAKAGI, R. (2005). High-speed railways: the last 10 years. Japan railway & transport review. 40 (2005), pp. 4-7.Google Scholar

  • TOMEŠ, Z. (2009). Monopol a konkurence na železnici. Scientia et Societas. 4/09, pp. 139-149.Google Scholar

  • TOMEŠ, Z. (2011). Competition Limits in Railway Transport. Ekonomický casopis/ Journal of Economics. Roc. 59/2011, c. 2, pp. 194-203.Google Scholar

  • TURTON, B., KNOWLES, R. (1998). Urban transport problems and solutions. In B.S. Hoyle, R.D. Knowles (Eds.), Modern transport geography (pp. 135-157). Chichester: Wiley. Google Scholar

  • URBÁNKOVÁ, J., OUREDNÍCEK, M. (2006). Vliv suburbanizace na dopravu v Pražském mestském regionu. In M. Ourednícek (Ed.) Sociální geografie pražského mestského regionu (pp. 79-95). Praha: Univerzita Karlova v Praze. Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2014-07-10

Published in Print: 2014-06-01


Citation Information: Review of Economic Perspectives, ISSN (Online) 1804-1663, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/revecp-2014-0009.

Export Citation

© by Daniel Seidenglanz. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Daniel Seidenglanz, Martin Kvizda, Tomáš Nigrin, Zdeněk Tomeš, and Jiří Dujka
Journal of Transport Geography, 2016, Volume 54, Page 414

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in