Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Review of Economic Perspectives

Národohospodárský obzor; The Journal of Masaryk University

4 Issues per year


CiteScore 2016: 0.50

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.262
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.516

Open Access
Online
ISSN
1804-1663
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 15, Issue 1 (Mar 2015)

Issues

Gravity Models of Internal Migration – the Czech Case Study

Monika Jandová
  • Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Administration, Masaryk University. Contact address: Lipová 41a, 602 00 Brno
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Tomáš Paleta
  • Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Administration, Masaryk University. Contact address: Lipová 41a, 602 00 Brno
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2015-04-18 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/revecp-2015-0008

Abstract

In this paper, the models of internal migration flows between regions (NUTS 3) in the Czech Republic in time series from 1991 to 2012 are tested. The paper aims to find out how size, distance and economic variables explain migration flows between Czech regions. Several versions of an extended gravity model were used for testing, where economic factors which are frequently mentioned in literature on migration were used as regressors (i.e. average wage, registered unemployment rate, job vacancies and job vacancies per applicant). Internal migration flow is the dependent variable. In comparison to the pure gravity model, the extending of models with the economic variables improves the results of the models only slightly. The results show that the highest explanatory value of migration is given by models with rates of the variables tested.

Keywords : Gravity model; Internal migration; the Czech Republic; Economic incentives

References

  • BOERI, T., SCARPETTA, S. (1996). Regional Mismatch and the Transition to a Market Economy. Labour Economics 3, pp. 233-254.Google Scholar

  • BORJAS, G. J. (2010). Labor Economics. Boston: McGraw Hill.Google Scholar

  • CROZET, M. (2004). Do migrants follow market potentials? An estimation of a new economic geography model. Journal of Economic Geography. 4, pp. 439-458. Database of the Czech Statistical Office. Available from Internet: www.czso.cz.Google Scholar

  • DENNETT, A., STILLWELL, J. (2008). Internal migration in Great Britain - a district level analysis using 2001 Census data. WP 01/08, University of Leads.Google Scholar

  • DOHMEN, T. (2000). Housing, mobility and unemployment. Discussion Paper No. 210.Google Scholar

  • DRBOHLAV, D. (1990). Migracní motivace, regionální a sídelní preference obyvatelstva. Sociologický casopis. 26(5), pp. 358-374.Google Scholar

  • DROBNE, R., RAJAR, T., LISEC, A. (2013). Dynamics of Migration and Commuting to the Urban Centres of Slovenia, 2000-2011. Geodetski vestnik. 57/2, pp. 333-353.Google Scholar

  • FIDRMUC, J. (2004). Migration and regional adjustment to asymmetric shocks in transition economies. Journal of Comparative Economics 32, pp. 230-247.Google Scholar

  • FIDRMUC, J., HUBER, P. (2007). The willingness to migrate in the CEECs. Evidence from the Czech Republic. WIFO Working Papers 286.GREENWOOD, M. J. (1974). Research on Internal Migration in the United States: A Survey. Journal of Economic Literature. 13(2), pp. 397-433.Google Scholar

  • JANDOVÁ, M., PALETA, T. (2011). Vnitrní migrace, In: Slaný, A. et al. (eds.), Konkurenceschopnost, rustová výkonnost a stabilita ceské ekonomiky (pp. 41-56). Brno: Masarykova univerzita.Google Scholar

  • LEWER, J. J., BERG, H. van den (2007). A Gravity Model of Immigration. Economic Letters, 99, pp. 164-167.Google Scholar

  • LUX, M. et al. (2006). Analýza opatrení bytové politiky smerujících k podpore flexibility práce v CR. 1. díl, teoretický úvod. Praha: Sociologický ústav AV CR.Google Scholar

  • MASSEY, D. S. et al. (1993). Theories of International Migration: A Review and Appraisal. Population and Development Review. 19(3), pp. 431-466.Google Scholar

  • OSWALD, A. (1996). A Conjecture on the Explanation for High Unemployment in the Industrialized Nations: Part I. Warwick Economic Research Paper No. 475.Google Scholar

  • PALETA, T., JANDOVÁ, M. (2013). Incentives to move: a model of inter-regional migration in the Czech Republic, In Machová, Z., Uhrová, N. Economic Policy in the European Union Member Countries (pp. 270-282). Ostrava: VŠB - Technical university Ostrava, 2013.Google Scholar

  • PEKER, K. (2004). The causes and results of internal migration from rural areas: case of Eastern Anatolia. Agricultural Economics. 50(10), pp. 471-476.Google Scholar

  • PRICE, D. O. (1949). Distance and Direction as Vectors of Internal Migration. Social Forces. 1, pp. 48-53.Google Scholar

  • PRICE, D. O. (1951). Some Socio-Economic Factors in Internal Migration. Social Forces. 4, pp. 409-415.Google Scholar

  • SRB, V. (1999). Vnitrní stehování 1991-1997 podle duvodu migrace. Urbanismus a územní rozvoj. 3, pp. 8-14.Google Scholar

  • VAJDOVÁ, Z. (2002, February 6). Kdo, kam a proc se v minulosti stehoval? Postoje k bydlení v CR 2001. Retrieved September 11, 2010, from http://seb.soc.cas.cz/postoje2001/prezentace/seb_vajdova_drahy.pdf Google Scholar

  • VAVREJNOVÁ, M. (2004). Mobilita pracovní síly pred a po vstupu CR do EU. Acta Oeconomica Pragensia. 12(3), pp. 195-218. Google Scholar

  • World Bank. (2007, January 8). Overview of Migration Trends in Europe and Central Asia, 1990-2004. Retrieved August 29, 2010, from http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTECA/Resources/257896-1167856389505/Migration_Chapter3.pdf.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2015-04-18

Published in Print: 2015-03-01


Citation Information: Review of Economic Perspectives, ISSN (Online) 1804-1663, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/revecp-2015-0008.

Export Citation

© by Monika Jandová. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in