Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details

Review of Economic Perspectives

Národohospodárský obzor; The Journal of Masaryk University

4 Issues per year


SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.143
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.273
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2015: 0.121

Open Access
Online
ISSN
1804-1663
See all formats and pricing
Volume 16, Issue 4 (Dec 2016)

Issues

Gender Disparities, Labor Force Participation and Transfer Payment: What Do Macro Data Say?

Hale Akbulut
  • Hacettepe University, Department of Public Finance, 06800 Beytepe/Ankara, Turkey
  • Email:
Published Online: 2016-12-17 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/revecp-2016-0021

Abstract

This paper analyzes the relationship between government transfer payments and labor force participation rates for a sample of 34 countries over the period of 1995- 2012. We benefit from two step system Generalized Method of Moments as a methodology and thereby eliminate the biases that may arise from endogenous variables. Our econometric results also confirm the employment of the dynamic methodology. First, we estimate the coefficients for overall population and then we re-estimate the coefficients for different genders. As a result of our estimations we observe that the significances and the values of coefficients increase when we employ labor force participation rates of females as dependent variable. Therefore, our findings suggest that transfer payments are more effective in working decisions of females.

Keywords: fiscal policy; gender; transfer payments

References

  • BAKER, M., GRUBER, J. and K. MILLIGAN. (2008).Universal child care, maternal labor supply, and family well-being. Journal of Political Economy, 116(4): 709-745.DOI: 10.1086/591908 [Crossref] [Web of Science]

  • BARRIENTOS, A., and J. SCOTT. (2008). Social transfers and growth: a review, Brooks World Poverty Institute Working Paper, 52. Manchester.

  • BLAU, D., and E. TEKIN. (2007). The determinants and consequences of child care subsidies for single mothers in the SA. Journal of Population Economics, 20(4): 719-741.DOI: 10.1007/s00148-005-0022-2 [Crossref]

  • BORJAS, G. J. (2004). Labor Economic, (3rd ed.), New York: McGraw-Hill.

  • DIAMOND, P., and J. GRUBER (1999).Social security and retirement in the U.S.. J. Gruber and D. Wise (Eds.) Social Security and Retirement around the World: 437-474, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

  • GERTLER, P., J., MARTINEZ, S. W., and M. RUBIO-CODINA (2012). Investing cash transfers to raise long-term living standards. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 4(1): 1-32. DOI: 10.1596/1813-9450-3994. [Crossref] [Web of Science]

  • GRUBER J., and D. A. WISE (1998). Social security and retirement: an international comparison. American Economic Review, Papers and Proceedings, 88(2): 158-163. DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226309996.001.0001. [Crossref]

  • MALUCCIO, J. (2007). The impact of conditional cash transfers in Nicaragua on consumption, productive investments, and labor allocation. ESA Working Paper, 07-11, Agricultural and Development Economics Division, United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

  • MILEVA, E. (2007). Using Arellano-Bond Dynamic Panel GMM Estimators in Stata, Economics Department, Fordham University, New York, http://www.fordham.edu/economics/mcleod/Elitz-usingArellano%E2%80%93BondGMMEstimators.pdf.

  • MÖRK E., Anna SJÖGREN, A. and H. SVALERYD (2011) Childcare costs and the demand for children evidence from a nationwide reform. Journal of Population Economics. DOI: 10.1007/s00148-011-0399-z [Crossref]

  • OLINTO, P. (2004). The impact of LAC-CCT programs on schooling and health. Unpublished manuscript paper presented at the conference second international workshop on conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs conference, 26-29 April, Brazil.

  • RUBIO-CODINA, M. (2010). Intra-household time allocation in rural Mexico: evidence from a randomized experiment. Research in Labor Economics, 31:219-257. DOI: 10.1108/s0147-9121(2010)0000031011 [Crossref]

  • SAMSON, M. (2009). Social cash transfers and pro-poor growth. Promoting Pro-Poor Growth: Social Protection: 43-59.

  • SAMSON, M., and M. WILLIAMS (2007). A review of employment, growth and development impacts of South Africa’s social rransfers. EPRI Working Paper, 41.

  • SCHNEIDER, F., and D. H. ENSTE (2002).The Shadow Economy: An International Survey. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • SCOTT, J. (2009). Social transfers and growth in poor countries.Promoting Pro-Poor Growth: Social Protection: .61-68.

  • VINCENT, K., and T. CULL (2009). Impacts of social cash transfers: case study evidence from across Southern Africa. Unpublished manuscript paper presented at the conference of dynamics of poverty and patterns of economic accumulation in Mozambique, No. 47, Maputo: IESE.

  • World Bank (2014). Gender at work: a companion to the world development report on jobs, Working Paper, 89273.

  • World Bank (2015).World Development Indicators, http://data.worldbank.org/datacatalog/world-development-indicators.

About the article

Received: 2016-03-07

Accepted: 2016-11-08

Published Online: 2016-12-17

Published in Print: 2016-12-01


Citation Information: Review of Economic Perspectives, ISSN (Online) 1804-1663, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/revecp-2016-0021. Export Citation

© by Hale Akbulut. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in