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Review of Economic Perspectives

Národohospodárský obzor; The Journal of Masaryk University

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CiteScore 2016: 0.50

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.262
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.516

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1804-1663
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Volume 17, Issue 3 (Sep 2017)

Issues

Peer Effects and Youth Smoking in the European Global Youth Tobacco Survey

Silda Nikaj
  • Economist, University of Illinois at Chicago, 610 S. Morgan St. 725 University Hall (MC 144) Chicago IL 60607.
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-09-23 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/revecp-2017-0012

Abstract

This paper investigates the effect of peer smoking on individual smoking among youths in 10 countries that participated in the European Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS). I control for endogeneity in school selection and unobserved school-level characteristics through the use of school fixed-effects. I use instrumental variables to address the simultaneity in peer and individual behaviours. Identification arises by comparing students in different classes within the same school. On average, an increase in the share of classmates who smoke by 10 percentage points increases the probability that an individual in that class will smoke by 3 to 6.9 percentage points. The results imply that any policy intervention such as anti-smoking messages, smoking bans, or higher cigarette prices will be even more cost-effective because of the social multiplier effect of peers – policies affecting some individuals in a group will generate spillovers to others through the peer effect.

Keywords: adolescent smoking; European youths; peer effects; substance use

JEL Classification: I12; D1

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About the article

Received: 2016-12-20

Accepted: 2017-06-30

Published Online: 2017-09-23

Published in Print: 2017-09-01


Citation Information: Review of Economic Perspectives, ISSN (Online) 1804-1663, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/revecp-2017-0012.

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© 2017 Silda Nikaj, published by De Gruyter Open. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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