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Reviews on Environmental Health

Editor-in-Chief: Carpenter, David O. / Sly, Peter

Editorial Board: Brugge, Doug / Edwards, John W. / Field, R.William / Garbisu, Carlos / Hales, Simon / Horowitz, Michal / Lawrence, Roderick / Maibach, H.I. / Shaw, Susan / Tao, Shu / Tchounwou, Paul B.

4 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 1.284

CiteScore 2017: 1.29

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.438
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.603

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2191-0308
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Volume 8, Issue 1-4

Issues

Pollutant Toxicity to Aquatic Animals - Methods of Study and Their Applications

P. D. Abel
  • Biology Department, Sunderland Polytechnic Langham Tower, Ryhope Road, Sunderland, SR2 7EE, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2016-10-11 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/reveh-1989-1-407

Abstract

The toxicity of water pollutants to aquatic animals is reviewed, with particular emphasis on methods for measuring lethal toxicity, factors influencing toxicity, the measurement of chronic and sublethal toxicity, and the role of toxicological data in formulating water quality standards. Methods for measuring lethal toxicity are well established and have been applied to a wide range of fish and invertebrate species. Their applications and limitations are discussed. The measurement of sublethal toxicity employs very diverse techniques ranging from biochemical to the use of experimental ecosystems. Profitable techniques are those which possess one or more of the characteristics: sensitivity, specificity, ecological relevance. A large data base now exists on the toxicity of pollutants to aquatic species, singly and in combination, and on the effects of environmental conditions, and interspecific and intraspecific biotic factors. Toxicological data and information from field studies are complementary, and their use in formulating water quality standards for the preservation of aquatic life is discussed.

About the article

Published Online: 2016-10-11

Published in Print: 1989-01-01


Citation Information: Reviews on Environmental Health, Volume 8, Issue 1-4, Pages 119–156, ISSN (Online) 2191-0308, ISSN (Print) 0048-7554, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/reveh-1989-1-407.

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Claire Jacquet, Violette Thermes, Amaury de Luze, Simone Puiseux-Dao, Cécile Bernard, Jean-Stéphane Joly, Franck Bourrat, and Marc Edery
Toxicon, 2004, Volume 43, Number 2, Page 141

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