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Reviews on Environmental Health

Editor-in-Chief: Carpenter, David O. / Sly, Peter

Editorial Board: Brugge, Doug / Edwards, John W. / Field, R.William / Garbisu, Carlos / Hales, Simon / Horowitz, Michal / Lawrence, Roderick / Maibach, H.I. / Shaw, Susan / Tao, Shu / Tchounwou, Paul B.


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Volume 29, Issue 1-2

Issues

Particulate air pollution and cardiovascular disease – it is time to take it seriously

Bin Jalaludin
  • Corresponding author
  • Centre for Research, Evidence Management and Surveillance, Sydney and South Western Sydney Local Health Districts, Sydney, Australia
  • Centre for Air quality and Health Research and Evaluation (CAR), Sydney, Australia
  • School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Christine Cowie
Published Online: 2014-02-19 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/reveh-2014-0031

Abstract

Worldwide, there were over 3 million deaths attributable to exposure to excessive levels of particulate air pollution in 2010. This is similar to the number of deaths attributable to high blood sugar (3.4 million) but less than the number of deaths attributed to smoking (5.7 million) and excessive alcohol consumption (5.0 million). Globally, ambient particulate air pollution was the ninth leading cause of premature deaths, and most of the disease attributable to exposure to ambient particulate air pollution is cardiovascular disease. Short-term and long-term exposures to outdoor particulate matter pollution are associated with a range of adverse cardiovascular health effects such as heart rate variability, development of atherosclerosis, myocardial ischemia, myocardial infarction, stroke, and deaths. Despite this, there is not the same recognition of particulate air pollution as an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality compared to the more established risk factors such as cigarette smoking and hypertension. It is now time to reevaluate the contribution of particulate air pollution to cardiovascular disease.

Keywords: cardiovascular disease; particulate air pollution; risk factors

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About the article

Corresponding author: Bin Jalaludin, Centre for Research, Evidence Management and Surveillance, Sydney and South Western Sydney Local Health Districts, Sydney, Australia; Centre for Air quality and Health Research and Evaluation (CAR), Sydney, Australia; and School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, E-mail:


Received: 2014-01-17

Accepted: 2014-01-17

Published Online: 2014-02-19

Published in Print: 2014-04-01


Citation Information: Reviews on Environmental Health, Volume 29, Issue 1-2, Pages 129–132, ISSN (Online) 2191-0308, ISSN (Print) 0048-7554, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/reveh-2014-0031.

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