Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Reviews on Environmental Health

Editor-in-Chief: Carpenter, David O. / Sly, Peter

Editorial Board: Brugge, Doug / Edwards, John W. / Field, R.William / Garbisu, Carlos / Hales, Simon / Horowitz, Michal / Lawrence, Roderick / Maibach, H.I. / Shaw, Susan / Tao, Shu / Tchounwou, Paul B.

4 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 1.284

CiteScore 2017: 1.29

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.438
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.603

See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 31, Issue 1


Reconciling PM10 analyses by different sampling methods for Iron King Mine tailings dust

Xu Li / Omar I. Félix / Patricia Gonzales / Avelino Eduardo Sáez / Wendell P. Ela
Published Online: 2016-01-28 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/reveh-2015-0061


The overall project objective at the Iron King Mine Superfund site is to determine the level and potential risk associated with heavy metal exposure of the proximate population emanating from the site’s tailings pile. To provide sufficient size-fractioned dust for multi-discipline research studies, a dust generator was built and is now being used to generate size-fractioned dust samples for toxicity investigations using in vitro cell culture and animal exposure experiments as well as studies on geochemical characterization and bioassay solubilization with simulated lung and gastric fluid extractants. The objective of this study is to provide a robust method for source identification by comparing the tailing sample produced by dust generator and that collected by MOUDI sampler. As and Pb concentrations of the PM10 fraction in the MOUDI sample were much lower than in tailing samples produced by the dust generator, indicating a dilution of Iron King tailing dust by dust from other sources. For source apportionment purposes, single element concentration method was used based on the assumption that the PM10 fraction comes from a background source plus the Iron King tailing source. The method’s conclusion that nearly all arsenic and lead in the PM10 dust fraction originated from the tailings substantiates our previous Pb and Sr isotope study conclusion. As and Pb showed a similar mass fraction from Iron King for all sites suggesting that As and Pb have the same major emission source. Further validation of this simple source apportionment method is needed based on other elements and sites.

Keywords: arsenic; dust generator; lead; MOUDI


  • 1.

    Csavina J, Field J, Taylor MP, Gao S, Landazuri A, et al. A review on the importance of metals and metalloids in atmospheric dust and aerosol from mining operations. Sci Total Environ 2012;433:58–73.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 2.

    Ravi S, D’Odorico P, Breshears DD, Field JP, Goudie AS, et al. Aeolian processes and the biosphere. Rev Geophys 2011;49.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 3.

    Moreno T, Oldroyd A, McDonald I, Gibbons W. Preferential fractionation of trace metals-metalloids into PM10 resuspended from contaminated gold mine tailings at Rodalquilar, Spain. Water Air Soil Poll 2007;179(1–4):93–105.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 4.

    Kim CS, Wilson KM, Rytuba JJ. Particle-size dependence on metal(loid) distributions in mine wastes: Implications for water contamination and human exposure. Appl Geochem 2011;26(4):484–95.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 5.

    Csavina J, Landazuri A, Wonaschutz A, Rine K, Rheinheimer P, et al. Metal and metalloid contaminants in atmospheric aerosols from mining operations. Water Air Soil Poll 2011;221(1–4):145–57.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 6.

    Marple VA, Rubow KL, Behm SM. A microorifice uniform deposit impactor (moudi)-description, calibration, and use. Aerosol Sci Tech 1991;14:434–46.Google Scholar

  • 7.

    Felix OI, Csavina J, Field J, Rine KP, Saez AE, et al. Use of lead isotopes to identify sources of metal and metalloid contaminants in atmospheric aerosol from mining operations. Chemosphere 2015;122:219–26.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 8.

    Gonzales P, Felix O, Alexander C, Lutz E, Ela W, et al. Laboratory dust generation and size-dependent characterization of metal and metalloid-contaminated mine tailings deposits. J Hazard Mater 2014;280:619–26.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

About the article

Corresponding author: Wendell P. Ela, School of Engineering and Information Technology, Murdoch University, Perth, WA, Australia, E-mail:

Received: 2015-10-23

Accepted: 2015-10-23

Published Online: 2016-01-28

Published in Print: 2016-03-01

Citation Information: Reviews on Environmental Health, Volume 31, Issue 1, Pages 37–41, ISSN (Online) 2191-0308, ISSN (Print) 0048-7554, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/reveh-2015-0061.

Export Citation

©2016 by De Gruyter.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in