Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details

Reviews on Environmental Health

Editor-in-Chief: Carpenter, David O. / Sly, Peter

Editorial Board Member: Brugge, Doug / Diaz-Barriga, Fernando / Edwards, John W. / Field, R.William / Hales, Simon / Horowitz, Michal / Maibach, H.I. / Shaw, Susan / Stein, Renato / Tao, Shu / Tchounwou, Paul B.

4 Issues per year


SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.776
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.676
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2015: 1.795

Online
ISSN
2191-0308
See all formats and pricing
Volume 31, Issue 4 (Dec 2016)

Issues

High ambient noise levels in Vadodara City, India, affected by urbanization

Neha Singh
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Environmental Studies, Faculty of Science, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, Gujarat-390002, India
  • Email:
/ Hitesh Dhiman
  • Department of Environmental Studies, Faculty of Science, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, Gujarat-390002, India
/ Sadaf Shaikh
  • Department of Environmental Studies, Faculty of Science, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, Gujarat-390002, India
/ Purvish Shah
  • Department of Environmental Studies, Faculty of Science, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, Gujarat-390002, India
/ Roma Sarkar
  • Department of Environmental Studies, Faculty of Science, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, Gujarat-390002, India
/ Shashin Patel
  • Department of Environmental Studies, Faculty of Science, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, Gujarat-390002, India
Published Online: 2016-11-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/reveh-2016-0057

Abstract

The present research was conducted to study the urbanization of Vadodara city and to monitor the ambient noise level in the industrial, commercial, residential and silence zones of the city. A settlement map created by unsupervised classification for the land use and land cover study of Vadodara city clearly shows the increasing pattern of urbanization in its central part, which may be the result of urban sprawl due to migration of people from the rural to the urban areas. The fluctuation in ambient noise level was recorded using an A-weighted sound level meter in all the four zones of Vadodara city for 3 h at regular intervals of 15 min on 3 consecutive days at the same time. The results showed the highest equivalent noise level of 93.7 dBA in the commercial zone followed by 85.5 dBA in the industrial zone, 73.2 dBA in silence zone, and 70.2 dBA in the residential zone. The values of noise level were high in all the zones of the city increasing remarkably over the prescribed limit given in the Noise Pollution (Control and Regulation) Rules, 2000. Continuous exposure to such high level of noise may lead to detrimental effect on people.

Keywords: health; noise level; population; urban sprawl

References

  • 1.

    Vijay R, Sharma A, Chakrabarti T, Gupta R. Assessment of honking impact on traffic noise in urban traffic environment of Nagpur, India. J Environ Health Sci Eng 2015;13(10):1–9.

  • 2.

    Banerjee D. Research on road traffic noise and human health in India: review of literature from 1991 to current. Noise Health 2012;14:113–8.

  • 3.

    Omidvari M, Nouri J. Effects of noise pollution on traffic policemen. Int J Environ Res 2009;3(4):645–52.

  • 4.

    World Health Organization (WHO). Burden of disease from environmental noise, Quantification by healthy life years lost in Europe. Denmark: WHO Regional Office for Europe, 2011.

  • 5.

    Alberola J, Flindell H, Bullmore J. Variability in road traffic noise levels. European Commission, Environmental Noise Directive 2002/49/EC; Off J European Communities 2005;L189;12–25.

  • 6.

    Bhosale BJ, Late A, Nalawade PM, Chavan SP, Mule MB. Studies on assessment of traffic noise level in Aurangabad city. Noise Health 2010;12:195–8.

  • 7.

    Vidyasagar T, Rao N. Noise pollution levels in Visakhapatnam city (India). J Environ Sci Eng 2006;48(2):139–42.

  • 8.

    Basner M, Babisch W, Davis A, Brink M, Clark C, et al. Auditory and non-auditory effects of noise on health. Lancet 2014;383(9925):1325–32.

  • 9.

    Sørensen M, Andersen ZJ, Nordsborg RB, Becker T, Tjønneland A, et al. Long-term exposure to road traffic noise and incident diabetes: a cohort study. Environ Health Perspect 2013;121:217.

  • 10.

    Babisch W, Pershagen G, Selander J, Houthuijs D, Breugelmans O, et al. Noise annoyance – a modifier of the association between noise level and cardiovascular health? Sci Total Environ 2013;452–453:50–7.

  • 11.

    Haralabidis AS, Dimakopoulou K, Vigna-Taglianti F, Giampaolo M, Borgini A, et al. Acute effects of night-time noise exposure on blood pressure in populations living near airports. Eur Heart J 2008;29:658–64.

  • 12.

    Meerlo P, Sgoifo A, Suchecki D. Restricted and disrupted sleep: effects on autonomic function, neuroendocrine stress systems and stress responsivity. Sleep Med Rev 2008;12(3):197–210.

  • 13.

    Joo EY, Yoon CW, Koo DL, Kim D, Hong SB. Adverse effects of 24 hours of sleep deprivation on cognition and stress hormones. J Clin Neurol 2012;8:146–50.

  • 14.

    Heinrich UR, Brieger J, Selivanova O, Feltens R, Eimermacher A, et al. COX-2 expression in the guinea pig cochlea is partly altered by moderate sound exposure. Neurosci Lett 2006;394:121–6.

  • 15.

    Pandey V. Encyclopaedic dictionary of environmental pollution. New Delhi: Himalaya Publishing House, 1992.

  • 16.

    Hunashal RB, Patil YB. Assessment of noise pollution indices in the city of Kolhapur, India. Procedia – Soc Behavior Sci 2012;37:448–57.

  • 17.

    Ravindra K, Singh T, Tripathy JP, Mor S, Munjal S, et al. Assessment of noise pollution in and around a sensitive zone in North India and its non-auditory impacts. Sci Total Environ 2016;566–567:981–7.

  • 18.

    Kumar N, James A, Nath S. Study on noise pollution level in parks of Allahabad city, India. Int Res J Environ Sci 2013;2(8):88–90.

  • 19.

    Saloni P, Maneesha S. Adverse effects of noise on homemakers of selected area in Vadodara, India. J Environ Res Dev 2012;7(2):794–801.

  • 20.

    Tandel D, Nihalani S, Parmar NB. Developing road traffic noise prediction model for different categories of roads in Vadodara city-A review. Int J Innov Res Sci Eng Technol 2016;2(1):415–7.

  • 21.

    Historical Census of India. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vadodara (accessed on 23/10/2016).

  • 22.

    http://earthexplorer.usgs.gov (accessed on 21/03/2016).

  • 23.

    Krishna Bahadur KC. Improving Landsat and IRS image classification: evaluation of unsupervised and supervised classification through band ratios and DEM in a mountainous landscape in Nepal. Remote Sens 2009;1:1257–72.

  • 24.

    http://envfor.nic.in/downloads/public-information/noise-pollution-rules-en.pdf (accessed on 23/10/2016).

About the article

Received: 2016-10-22

Accepted: 2016-10-27

Published Online: 2016-11-30

Published in Print: 2016-12-01


Citation Information: Reviews on Environmental Health, ISSN (Online) 2191-0308, ISSN (Print) 0048-7554, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/reveh-2016-0057. Export Citation

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in