Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Reviews on Environmental Health

Editor-in-Chief: Carpenter, David O. / Sly, Peter

Editorial Board: Brugge, Doug / Edwards, John W. / Field, R.William / Garbisu, Carlos / Hales, Simon / Horowitz, Michal / Lawrence, Roderick / Maibach, H.I. / Shaw, Susan / Tao, Shu / Tchounwou, Paul B.


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 1.616

CiteScore 2018: 1.69

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.508
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.664

Online
ISSN
2191-0308
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 33, Issue 3

Issues

Exposure to indoor radon can be a concern in studies on the role of short-term exposure to air pollution and mortality

S.M.J. MortazaviORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0139-2774
Published Online: 2018-06-12 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/reveh-2018-0016

Abstract

Recent studies show that short-term exposure to ambient particulate matter is associated with more emergency department visits and hospitalizations for pneumonia as well as increased mortality and increased health care costs among older adults. Moreover, exposure to ambient particulate matter is shown to be connected with an increased rate of daily mortality and hospitalizations due to cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). The association between short-term exposures to particulate matter with a diameter less than 2.5 µm (PM2.5) and ozone [at levels below the current daily National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS)] and mortality in the continental United States has been recently addressed by some researchers. Although exposure to radon is usually known to cause late health effects such as lung cancer, some studies show a significant association between radon exposure and cerebrovascular disease (CeVD) mortality. In some residential areas with high levels of radon, it has been found that the incidences of respiratory, nervous system and cardiovascular system diseases exceed the average. Studies that calculated the radiation dose to blood and the walls of coronary arteries from radon and progeny also indicate that exposure to radon can increase the incidence of CVDs. Based on the evidence provided in this short communication, it can be concluded that ignoring the key role of radon in non-cancer mortality can easily affect the validity of the studies aimed at investigating the association between exposure to ambient fine particulate matter and mortality.

Keywords: air pollution; mortality; radioactivity; radon

References

  • 1.

    Xing Y-F, Xu Y-H, Shi M-H, Lian Y-X. The impact of PM2.5 on the human respiratory system. J Thorac Dis 2016;8(1):E69–74.PubMedWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 2.

    Pirozzi CS, Jones BE, VanDerslice JA, Zhang Y, Paine R, 3rd, Dean NC. Short-term air pollution and incident pneumonia: a case-crossover study. Ann Am Thorac Soc 2018;15:449–59.CrossrefWeb of SciencePubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 3.

    Kowalska M, Kocot K. Short-term exposure to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2,5 and PM10) and the risk of heart rhythm abnormalities and stroke. Postepy Hig Med Dosw (Online) 2016;70:1017–25.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 4.

    Di Q, Dai L, Wang Y, Zanobetti A, Choirat C, Schwartz JD, et al. Association of short-term exposure to air pollution with mortality in older adults. J Am Med Assoc 2017;318(24):2446–56.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 5.

    Nusinovici S, Vacquier B, Leuraud K, Metz-Flamant C, Caer-Lorho S, Acker A, et al. Mortality from circulatory system diseases and low-level radon exposure in the French cohort study of uranium miners, 1946–1999. Scand J Work Environ Health 2010;36(5):373–83.CrossrefWeb of SciencePubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 6.

    Drubay D, Caer-Lorho S, Laroche P, Laurier D, Rage E. Mortality from circulatory system diseases among french uranium miners: a nested case-control study. Radiat Res 2015;183(5):550–62.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 7.

    Johnson J, Duport P, editors. Cardiovascular mortality caused by exposure to radon. Presentation at the 11th International Congress of the International Radiation Protection Association, 2004.Google Scholar

  • 8.

    Bersimbaev RI, Bulgakova O. The health effects of radon and uranium on the population of Kazakhstan. Genes Environ 2015;37:18.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 9.

    Mortazavi SMJ, Mosleh-Shirazi MA, Mehdizadeh S, Rouintan MS, Ebrahimi J, Tamaddon M, et al. Short-term radon inhalation induces significant survival adaptive response in Balb/c mice. Int J Low Radiation 2010;7(2):98–109.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 10.

    Mortazavi SMJ, Ghiassi-Nejad M, Rezaiean M. Cancer risk due to exposure to high levels of natural radon in the inhabitants of Ramsar, Iran. Int Congr Ser 2005;1276:436–7.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 11.

    Daniels RD, Schubauer-Berigan MK. Radon in U.S. workplaces: a review. Radiat Prot Dosimetry 2017;176(3):278–86.PubMedCrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 12.

    Ajrouche R, Ielsch G, Clero E, Roudier C, Gay D, Guillevic J, et al. Quantitative health risk assessment of indoor radon: a systematic review. Radiat Prot Dosimetry 2017;177(1–2):69–77.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 13.

    Acree P, Puckett M, Neri A. Evaluating progress in radon control activities for lung cancer prevention in National Comprehensive Cancer Control Program Plans, 2011–2015. J Community Health 2017;42(5):962–7.Web of ScienceCrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 14.

    Field RW, Krewski D, Lubin JH, Zielinski JM, Alavanja M, Catalan VS, et al. An overview of the North American residential radon and lung cancer case-control studies. J Toxicol Environ Health A 2006;69(7):599–631.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 15.

    Kreuzer M, Grosche B, Schnelzer M, Tschense A, Dufey F, Walsh L. Radon and risk of death from cancer and cardiovascular diseases in the German uranium miners cohort study: follow-up 1946–2003. Radiat Environ Biophys 2010;49(2): 177–85.PubMedWeb of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 16.

    Turner MC, Krewski D, Chen Y, Pope III CA, Gapstur SM, Thun MJ. Radon and nonrespiratory mortality in the American Cancer Society Cohort. Am J Epidemiol 2012;176(9):808–14.CrossrefWeb of SciencePubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 17.

    Shimizu Y, Pierce DA, Preston DL, Mabuchi K. Studies of the mortality of atomic bomb survivors. Report 12, part II. Noncancer mortality: 1950–1990. Radiat Res 1999;152(4): 374–89.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 18.

    Muirhead C, Bingham D, Haylock R, O’Hagan J, Goodill A, Berridge G, et al. Follow up of mortality and incidence of cancer 1952–98 in men from the UK who participated in the UK’s atmospheric nuclear weapon tests and experimental programmes. Occup Environ Med 2003;60(3):165–72.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 19.

    Brauner EV, Forchhammer L, Moller P, Barregard L, Gunnarsen L, Afshari A, et al. Indoor particles affect vascular function in the aged: an air filtration-based intervention study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2008;177(4):419–25.Web of SciencePubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

About the article

Corresponding author: S.M.J. Mortazavi, PhD, Professor of Medical Physics, Visiting Scientist, 1. Biophotonics Lab, Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, 3200 N Cramer St., Milwaukee, WI 53211, USA, Phone: +(414) 229-6619


Received: 2018-03-15

Accepted: 2018-05-18

Published Online: 2018-06-12

Published in Print: 2018-09-25


Research funding: Author states no funding involved.

Conflict of interest: Author states no conflict of interest.

Informed consent: Informed consent is not applicable.

Ethical approval: The conducted research is not related to either human or animal use.


Citation Information: Reviews on Environmental Health, Volume 33, Issue 3, Pages 315–317, ISSN (Online) 2191-0308, ISSN (Print) 0048-7554, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/reveh-2018-0016.

Export Citation

©2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Guoyuan Sui, Guangcong Liu, Lianqun Jia, Lie Wang, and Guanlin Yang
Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2018, Volume 25, Number 28, Page 28517

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in