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Reviews on Environmental Health

Editor-in-Chief: Carpenter, David O. / Sly, Peter

Editorial Board: Brugge, Doug / Edwards, John W. / Field, R.William / Garbisu, Carlos / Hales, Simon / Horowitz, Michal / Lawrence, Roderick / Maibach, H.I. / Shaw, Susan / Tao, Shu / Tchounwou, Paul B.

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Volume 32, Issue 3


Solid waste management in Thailand: an overview and case study (Tha Khon Yang sub-district)

Nachalida Yukalang
  • Corresponding author
  • School of the Environment, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Health Science Building, 526, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia, Phone: +61 (0) 412 923 487, E-mail:
  • Faculty of Public Health, Mahasarakham University, Mahasarakham, Thailand
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Beverley Dawn Clarke
  • School of the Environment, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Flinders University, Adelaide, SA, Australia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Kirstin Elizabeth Ross
  • School of the Environment, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Flinders University, Adelaide, SA, Australia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-01-11 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/reveh-2016-0061


Due to rapid urbanization, solid waste management (SWM) has become a significant issue in several developing countries including Thailand. Policies implemented by the Central Thai Government to manage SWM issues have had only limited success. This article reviews current municipal waste management plans in Thailand and examines municipal waste management at the local level, with focus on the Tha Khon Yang sub-district surrounding Mahasarakham University in Mahasarakham Province. Within two decades this area has been converted from a rural to an urban landscape featuring accommodation for over 45,000 university students and a range of business facilities. This development and influx of people has outpaced the government’s ability to manage municipal solid waste (MSW). There are significant opportunities to improve local infrastructure and operational capacity; but there are few mechanisms to provide and distribute information to improve community participation in waste management. Many community-based waste management projects, such as waste recycling banks, the 3Rs (reduce, reuse and recycle), and waste-to-biogas projects have been abandoned. Additionally, waste from Tha Kon Yang and its surrounding areas has been transferred to unsanitary landfills; there is also haphazard dumping and uncontrolled burning of waste, which exacerbate current pollution issues.

Keywords: government; Mahasarakham; municipal solid waste; urbanization; waste policy


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About the article

Received: 2016-10-04

Accepted: 2016-11-15

Published Online: 2017-01-11

Published in Print: 2017-09-26

Author Statement

Research funding: Authors state no funding involved. Conflict of interest: Authors state no conflict of interest. Informed consent: Informed consent is not applicable. Ethical approval: The conducted research is not related to either human or animal use.

Citation Information: Reviews on Environmental Health, Volume 32, Issue 3, Pages 223–234, ISSN (Online) 2191-0308, ISSN (Print) 0048-7554, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/reveh-2016-0061.

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