Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Reviews on Environmental Health

Editor-in-Chief: Carpenter, David O. / Sly, Peter

Editorial Board: Brugge, Doug / Edwards, John W. / Field, R.William / Garbisu, Carlos / Hales, Simon / Horowitz, Michal / Lawrence, Roderick / Maibach, H.I. / Shaw, Susan / Tao, Shu / Tchounwou, Paul B.

4 Issues per year

CiteScore 2016: 1.95

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.543
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.885

See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 32, Issue 3


Status of water pollution in relation to industrialization in Rajasthan

Ritu Singh Rajput / Sonali Pandey / Seema Bhadauria
Published Online: 2017-04-06 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/reveh-2016-0069


India is a large and densely populated country; its economy is largely agricultural. Making the best use of the country’s manpower has always posed a challenge. Industrialization could become a dominant component of the economy and displace agriculture. Traditional livelihoods of occupational groups are threatened by the practice of disposing untreated industrial waste into rivers and bodies of water. These uncontrolled disposals impact local natural resources with negative long-term effects. Industrialization is the development of intellectual and financial trade that changes a predominantly rustic culture into a modern one. Many industrial units discharge wastewater locally without treatment. Many industries directly discharged their waste into lakes, rivers and ocean. Water contamination impacts the environment. Pesticides, chemical, waste oil and heavy metals are regularly transported into their waters. Humans and other living organisms can accumulate heavy metals from industrial discharges in their tissues. Industrial waste may be reactive, corrosive, flammable, or toxic. When untreated sewage is emptied into rivers, it causes diseases like typhoid, dysentery and cholera. Natural elements and plant supplements like nitrate and phosphates stimulate growth of algae on the water surface. The algae reduce the oxygen in the water and cause eutrophication. It is harmful to the water ecosystem. In Rajasthan proper, there are a number of sites bordering rivers and lakes where the pace of industrialization has proceeded far beyond the ability of regulators to establish and enforce meaningful limits on the amount of point source pollution permitted to the various industrial complexes, which include cement, chemical, fertilizer, textile, mining, quarrying, dyeing and printing facilities. The scale of the problem is obvious to the casual observer, but actual documentation of the total impact remains to be done.

Keywords: industrial waste and environment; industrialization; water pollution


  • 1.

    Singh J, Yadav H, Smarandache F. District level analysis of urbanization from rural-to-urban migration in the Rajasthan state. Smarandache Nat J 2009;1(2):1–12.Google Scholar

  • 2.

    Quatrochi PM. Groundwater jurisdiction under the Clean Water Act: the tributary groundwater dilemma. J BC Environ Aff Law Rev 1995;23(1):603.Google Scholar

  • 3.

    Zhang WL, Wu SX, Ji HJ, Kolbe H. Estimation of agricultural non-point source pollution in China and the alleviating strategies I. Estimation of agricultural non-point source pollution in China in early 21 century. Sci Agric Sinica 2004;37(7):1008–17.Google Scholar

  • 4.

    Carpenter SR, Caraco NF, Correll DL, Howarth RW, Sharpley AN, et al. Nonpoint pollution of surface waters with phosphorus and nitrogen. Ecol Appl 1998;8(3):559–68.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 5.

    Beuchat LR. Vectors and conditions for preharvest contamination of fruits and vegetables with pathogens capable of causing enteric diseases. Br Food J 2006;108(1):38–53.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 6.

    Jain AK, Gupta VK, Bhatnagar, A. Utilization of industrial waste products as adsorbents for the removal of dyes. J Hazard Mater 2003;101(1):31–42.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 7.

    Hines NW. Controlling industrial water pollution: color the problem green. BCL Rev 1967;9(1):553–6.Google Scholar

  • 8.

    Patel KS, Shrivas K, Hoffmann P, Jakubowski N. A survey of lead pollution in Chhattisgarh State, central India. Environ Geochem Health 2006;28(1–2):11–7.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 9.

    Harrison R. Lead pollution: causes and control, 2th ed. Netherlands: Springer Science & Business Media, 2012:75pp.Google Scholar

  • 10.

    Karunasagar D, Krishna MB, Anjaneyulu YA, Arunachalam J. Studies of mercury pollution in a lake due to a thermometer factory situated in a tourist resort: Kodaikkanal, India. Environmental Pollut 2006;143(1):153–8.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 11.

    Lindqvist O, Johansson K, Bringmark L, Timm B, Aastrup M, et al. Mercury in the Swedish environment – recent research on causes, consequences and corrective methods. Water Air Soil Poll 1991;55(2):261–7.Google Scholar

  • 12.

    Bååth E. Effects of heavy metals in soil on microbial processes and populations (a review). Water Air Soil Poll 1989;47(3–4):335–79.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 13.

    Kobayashi J. Air and water pollution by cadmium lead and zinc attributed to the largest zinc refinery in Japan. Trace Subst Environ Health 1972;5(CONF-710645-).Google Scholar

  • 14.

    Norris RH. Mine waste pollution of the Molonglo River, New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory: effectiveness of remedial works at Captains Flat mining area. J Mar Freshw Res 1986;37(2):147–57.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 15.

    Islam MS, Tanaka M. Impacts of pollution on coastal and marine ecosystems including coastal and marine fisheries and approach for management: a review and synthesis. J Mar Pollut Bull 2004;48(7):624–49.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 16.

    Atlas RM, Bartha R. Hydrocarbon biodegradation and oil spill bioremediation. Adv Microb Ecol 1992;12:287–338.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 17.

    Garg M. Water pollution in India: causes and remedies. Int J Phys Soc Sci 2012;2(6):555–67.Google Scholar

  • 18.

    Goel PK. Water pollution: causes, effects and control, 1st ed. New Age International, 2006:27pp.Google Scholar

  • 19.

    Ryther JH, Dunstan WM. Nitrogen, phosphorus, and eutrophication in the coastal marine environment. Science 1971;171(3975):1008–13.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 20.

    Rajaram T, Das A. Water pollution by industrial effluents in India: discharge scenarios and case for participatory ecosystem specific local regulation. Futures 2008;40(1):56–69.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 21.

    Hettige H, Huq M, Pargal S, Wheeler D. Determinants of pollution abatement in developing countries: evidence from South and Southeast Asia. World Dev 1996;24(12):1891–904.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 22.

    Dave D. Eutrophication in the Lakes of Udaipur city: a case study of Fateh Sagar Lake. In Proceedings of International Conference on Biotechnology and Environment Management 2011;13:123–5.Google Scholar

  • 23.

    Blacksmith. Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10035 | t: 646.742.0200 | f: 212.779.8044 | www.blacksmithinstitute.org 2012.

  • 24.

    Sharma R. Pesticide contamination in some lakes of Rajasthan. J Pharm Biol Sci 2015;10(6):64–6.Google Scholar

  • 25.

    Sharma KP, Sharma S, Sharma S, Sharma PK, Swami RC. Mansagar Lake: Past, Present & Future. The 12th World Lake Conference 2007;1530.Google Scholar

  • 26.

    Singh V, Chandel CS. Analytical study of heavy metals of industrial effluents at Jaipur, Rajasthan (India). J Environ Sci Eng 2006;48(2):103–8.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 27.

    Sarang N, Sharma L. Impact of Sewage discharge on water quality and benthic diversity of Kota Barrage, Kota, Rajasthan, India. J Ind Pollut Contr 2004;30(2):207–12.Google Scholar

  • 28.

    Saksena DN, Garg RK, Rao RJ. Water quality and pollution status of Chambal River in National Chambal sanctuary, Madhya Pradesh. J Environ Biol 2008;29(5):701–10.Google Scholar

  • 29.

    Saini M, Sharma KC, Sharma M. Study of biochemical characteristics of spinach irrigated with industrial waste water of Bhiwadi, Rajasthan India. J Bull Env Pharmacol Life Sci 2015;4:110–7.Google Scholar

  • 30.

    Yadav RN, Dagar NK, Yadav R, Gupta P. Variability in physico–chemical parameters of ground water of north-east zone of the Bhiwadi industrial area (Alwar). J Curr Chem Pharmacol Sci 2012;2(3):198–208.Google Scholar

  • 31.

    Hussain J, Hussain I, Arif M. Characterization of textile wastewater. J Ind Pollut Contr 2004;20(1):137–44.Google Scholar

  • 32.

    Bhagat SK, Tiyasha T. Impact of millions of tones of effluent of textile industries: analysis of textile industries effluents in bhilwara and an approach with bioremediation. Int J ChemTech Res 2013;5(3):1289–98.Google Scholar

  • 33.

    Rathore J. Studies on pollution load induced by dyeing and printing units in River Bandi at Pali, Rajasthan, India. Int J Environ Sci 2012;3(1):735–42.Google Scholar

  • 34.

    Vyas A, Pancholi A. Environmental degradation due to mining in South Rajasthan: a case study of Nimbahera, Chittorgarh (India). J Environ Res Dev 2009;4(2):405–12.Google Scholar

  • 35.

    Singh R. Industrial effluent quality of Bikaner District Rajasthan, India. Orient J Chem 2014;30(1):229–32.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 36.

    Khan S, Mathur N. Impact of textile effluents on water bodies of western Rajasthan. Int J Adv Res Biol Sci 2015;2(3):183–8.Google Scholar

  • 37.

    Singh B. Study on pollution of water and soil due to copper mining in khetari copper mine project. Int J Res Sci Technol 2013;2(6):1–5.Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2016-12-30

Accepted: 2017-02-25

Published Online: 2017-04-06

Published in Print: 2017-09-26

Author Statement

Research funding: The authors state no funding involved. Conflict of interest: The authors state no conflict of interest. Informed consent: Informed consent is not applicable. Ethical approval: The conducted research is not related to either human or animals use.

Citation Information: Reviews on Environmental Health, Volume 32, Issue 3, Pages 245–252, ISSN (Online) 2191-0308, ISSN (Print) 0048-7554, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/reveh-2016-0069.

Export Citation

©2017 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston. Copyright Clearance Center

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in