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Reviews on Environmental Health

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Pakistan: country report on children’s environmental health

Muhammad Mansoor MajeedORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4237-6116 / Asfa Munir
Published Online: 2020-01-11 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/reveh-2019-0087


Pakistan is a developing country with an estimated population of 220 million, and among them 34% are children. Due to the lack of a proper health care system, particularly in rural areas, children are prone to many environmental hazards. This paper reports about the different environmental health issues faced by children in Pakistan and was presented at the Regional Meeting on Children’s Environmental Health at the Chulabhorn Research Institute, Bangkok, Thailand in May 2019. Pakistan is among those countries where polio is still present due to misconceptions, hard-to-reach areas, war zones, political uncertainty, etc. Extensively drug-resistant typhoid is broadly spreading in Pakistan, and this is a very serious concern over antibiotic failure around the world. Pakistan was long considered a region with a low prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus, but now the disease is spreading at an alarming rate. Globally, Pakistan has the third highest burden of maternal, fetal and child mortality. In the last 10 years or so, around 10,000 cases of dengue have been reported with around 800 deaths, including children. Other issues related to children’s environmental health in Pakistan include cholera because of poor sanitation and hygiene, respiratory disease due to pollution, exposure to pesticides, diarrhea, occupational hazards as a result of child labor, etc.

Keywords: Asia Pacific; children; environmental health; Pakistan


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About the article

Received: 2019-11-02

Accepted: 2019-12-04

Published Online: 2020-01-11

Research funding: None declared.

Conflict of interest: None declared.

Informed consent: Not applicable.

Ethical approval: The conducted research is not related to either human or animal use.

Citation Information: Reviews on Environmental Health, 20190087, ISSN (Online) 2191-0308, ISSN (Print) 0048-7554, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/reveh-2019-0087.

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