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Reviews in the Neurosciences

Editor-in-Chief: Huston, Joseph P.

Editorial Board Member: Topic, Bianca / Adeli, Hojjat / Buzsaki, Gyorgy / Crawley, Jacqueline / Crow, Tim / Eichenbaum, Howard / Gold, Paul / Holsboer, Florian / Korth, Carsten / Lubec, Gert / McEwen, Bruce / Pan, Weihong / Pletnikov, Mikhail / Robbins, Trevor / Schnitzler, Alfons / Stevens, Charles / Steward, Oswald / Trojanowski, John

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Volume 25, Issue 2 (Apr 2014)

Issues

Possible roles of astrocytes in estrogen neuroprotection during cerebral ischemia

Cuifen Wang
  • Department of Physiology, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China
  • Center for Diagnostic Nanosystems, Marshall University, Huntington, WV 25755, USA
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Chao Jie
  • Department of Physiology, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Xiaoniu Dai
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Physiology, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2014-02-22 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/revneuro-2013-0055

Abstract

17β-Estradiol (E2), one of female sex hormones, has well-documented neuroprotective effects in a variety of clinical and experimental disorders of the central cerebral ischemia, including stroke and neurodegenerative diseases. The cellular mechanisms that underlie these protective effects of E2 are uncertain because a number of different cell types express estrogen receptors in the central nervous system. Astrocytes are the most abundant cells in the central nervous system and provide structural and nutritive support of neurons. They interact with neurons by cross-talk, both physiologically and pathologically. Proper astrocyte function is particularly important for neuronal survival under ischemic conditions. Dysfunction of astrocytes resulting from ischemia significantly influences the responses of other brain cells to injury. Recent studies demonstrate that estrogen receptors are expressed in astrocytes, indicating that E2 may exert multiple regulatory actions on astrocytes. Cerebral ischemia induced changes in the expression of estrogen receptors in astrocytes. In the present review, we summarize the data in support of possible roles for astrocytes in the mediation of neuroprotection by E2 against cerebral ischemia.

Keywords: astrocytes; cerebral ischemia; estrogen receptors; neuroprotection; 17β-estradiol

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About the article

Cuifen Wang

Cuifen Wang is taking her post-doc research at School of Pharmacy, Marshall University, West Virginia, USA. She is skilled in neural degenerative diseases with immunohistochemistry and fluorescence microscopy in brain tissues and employs a variety of biochemical and molecular biological techniques to develop new chemicals against cerebral diseases.

Chao Jie

Jie Chao is a professor at Department of Physiology at the Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing, China. He got his PhD from University of Kansas Medical Center. He has ample experience with the technique of intravital microscopy, as well as molecular biologic techniques in neuroscience and respiration physiology. He is first-author or correspond-author of more than 20 peer-reviewed papers of his field. The primary objective of Jie’s laboratory is to explore, in vivo and in vitro, molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying the inflammation of silicosis.

Xiaoniu Dai

Xiaoniu Dai is a lecture at the Department of Physiology at the Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing, China. He got his PhD from the Medical School of Nagoya University, Japan. His research interest is primarily in learning-memory mechanisms with focus on the effects of neurosteroids on synaptic transmission and synaptic plasticity by using electrophysiological techniques, including whole cell patch clamping and field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSPs) recording from brain slice.


Corresponding author: Xiaoniu Dai, Department of Physiology, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China, e-mail:


Received: 2013-11-18

Accepted: 2014-01-29

Published Online: 2014-02-22

Published in Print: 2014-04-01


Citation Information: Reviews in the Neurosciences, ISSN (Online) 2191-0200, ISSN (Print) 0334-1763, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/revneuro-2013-0055.

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