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Reviews in the Neurosciences

Editor-in-Chief: Huston, Joseph P.

Editorial Board: Topic, Bianca / Adeli, Hojjat / Buzsaki, Gyorgy / Crawley, Jacqueline / Crow, Tim / Gold, Paul / Holsboer, Florian / Korth, Carsten / Li, Jay-Shake / Lubec, Gert / McEwen, Bruce / Pan, Weihong / Pletnikov, Mikhail / Robbins, Trevor / Schnitzler, Alfons / Stevens, Charles / Steward, Oswald / Trojanowski, John


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2191-0200
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Volume 23, Issue 2

Issues

Diversity of presynaptic calcium channels displaying different synaptic properties

Marcel A. Kamp
  • Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital, Heinrich-Heine-University, Düsseldorf, Moorenstraße 5, D-40225 Düsseldorf, Germany
  • Institute of Neurophysiology, University of Cologne, Robert-Koch-Str. 39, D-50931 Köln, Germany
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/ Daniel Hänggi
  • Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital, Heinrich-Heine-University, Düsseldorf, Moorenstraße 5, D-40225 Düsseldorf, Germany
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/ Hans-Jakob Steiger
  • Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital, Heinrich-Heine-University, Düsseldorf, Moorenstraße 5, D-40225 Düsseldorf, Germany
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/ Toni Schneider
  • Institute of Neurophysiology, University of Cologne, Robert-Koch-Str. 39, D-50931 Köln, Germany
  • Center of Molecular Medicine Cologne (CMMC), University of Cologne, Robert-Koch-Str. 39, D-50931 Köln, Germany
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Published Online: 2012-02-29 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/revneuro-2011-0070

Abstract

Why mediate P-/Q-type and not N-type Ca2+ channels in cerebellar inhibitory interneurons? Neurotransmitter release relies most on P-/Q- and N-type Ca2+ channels in the vast majority of neurons, although all types of voltage-gated Ca2+ channels are competent in initiating exocytosis. Up to date, it remains unclear why a particular Ca2+ channel type mediates neurotransmission in certain axon terminals and another type of Ca2+ channel evokes neurotransmission in axon terminals of another region. Therefore, the present review analyzes the diversity of presynaptic Ca2+ channels displaying different synaptic properties and focuses on an analysis of distribution and function of presynaptic voltage-gated Ca2+ channels, as well as on developmental changes.

Keywords: exocytosis; neurotransmitter release; presynaptic calcium channels; presynaptic plasticity; voltage-gated calcium channels

About the article

Corresponding authors


Received: 2011-10-14

Accepted: 2011-12-02

Published Online: 2012-02-29

Published in Print: 2012-04-01


Citation Information: Reviews in the Neurosciences, Volume 23, Issue 2, Pages 179–190, ISSN (Online) 2191-0200, ISSN (Print) 0334-1763, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/revneuro-2011-0070.

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