Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Romanian Journal of Diabetes Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases

The Journal of Romanian Society of Diabetes Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases

4 Issues per year

CiteScore 2016: 0.14

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.113
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.133

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Epidemiology of Diabetes Mellitus: A Current Review

Ionuţ Vlad
  • Corresponding author
  • BGS Emergency Medical Unit Bucureşti, PhD Student Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy Oradea, Romania
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Amorin Remus Popa
Published Online: 2012-12-28 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10255-012-0050-0


Diabetes mellitus represents worldwide an extremely important public health problem considering its high prevalence, the serious complications triggered by the disease, the associated rate of mortality and, not the least, the extremely high economic and social costs. In 1995 approximately 135 million persons were affected by diabetes and an increase of 300 million cases was estimated by the year 2025. At the end of 2012 a number of 347 million persons with diabetes was estimated, with a prediction of 552 million cases in 2030, that is 9.9% from the world’s adult population. The question asked on an annual basis is: „Diabetes where do we go? Can we stop the dramatic evolution?”

keywords: diabetes; prevalence; mortality.

  • 1. Haris MI, Flegal KM, Cowie CC et al. Prevalence of diabetes, impaired fasting glucose, and impaired glucose tolerance in U.S. adults: the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1944. Diabetes Care 21: 518-524, 1998.Google Scholar

  • 2. Cowie CC, Rust KF, Byrd-Holt DD et al. Prevalence of diabetes and impaired fasting glucose in adults in the U.S. population: National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2002. Diabetes Care 29: 1263-1268, 2006.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 3. Cowie CC, Rust KF, Ford ES et al. Full accounting of diabetes and pre-diabetes in the U.S. population in 1988-1994 and 2005-2006. Diabetes Care 32: 287-294, 2008.Google Scholar

  • 4. Mokdad AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, Nelson DE, Engelgau MM, Vinicor F, Marks JS. Diabetes trends in the U.S.: 1990-1998. Diabetes Care 23: 1278-1283, 2000.Google Scholar

  • 5. DECODE Study Group on behalf of the European Diabetes Epidemiology Study Group. Will new diagnostic criteria for diabetes mellitus change phenotype of patients with diabetes? Reanalysis of European epidemiological data. BMJ 317: 371-375, 1998.Google Scholar

  • 6. Guja C, Ionescu-Tîrgovişte C. Epidemiologia diabetului zaharat. In: Tratat de diabet Paulescu (ed. Ionescu-Tîrgovişte C), Ed. Academiei, Bucureşti: pp 447-467, 2004.Google Scholar

  • 7. Flegal KM, Carroll MD, Ogden CL, Curtin LR. Prevalence and trends in obesity among US adults, 1999-2008. JAMA 303: 235-241, 2010.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 8. Ogden CL, Lamb MM, Carroll MD, Flegal KM. Obesity and socioeconomic status in children and adolescents: United States, 2005-2008. NCHS Data Brief (51):1-8, 2010.Google Scholar

  • 9. King H, Aubert RE, Herman WH. Global burden of diabetes, 1995-2025: prevalence, numerical estimates, and projections. Diabetes Care 21: 1414- 1431, 1998.Google Scholar

  • 10. International Diabetes Federation. IDF Diabetes Atlas, 5th edn. Brussels, Belgium: International Diabetes Federation: 8, 2011. http://www.idf.org/diabetesatlas/5e/diabetesGoogle Scholar

  • 11. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs312/en/. Fact sheet N°312, 2012.Google Scholar

  • 12. Stern MP, Gaskill SP, Hazuda HP, Gardner LI, Haffner SM. Does obesity explain excess prevalence of diabetes among Mexican Americans? Results of the San Antonio Heart Study. Diabetologia 24: 272-277, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 13. Reimer TT, Choi E, Kelleyand LS, Enslein JC. Cultural barriers to care: Inverting the problem. Diabetes Spectrum 14: 13-22, 2001.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 14. Aspray TJ, Mugusi F, Rashid S, Whiting D, Edwards R, Alberti KG, Unwin NC, Essential Non-Communicable Disease Health Intervention Project. Rural and urban differences in diabetes prevalence in Tanzania: the role of obesity, physical inactivity and urban living. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 94: 637-644, 2000.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 15. Zimmet P, Taylor R, Ram P et al. Prevalence of diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance in the biracial (Melanesian and Indian) population of Fiji: a rural-urban comparison. Am J Epidemiol 118: 673-688, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 16. Wild S, Roglic G, Green A, Sicree R, King H. Global prevalence of diabetes estimates for the year 2000 and projections for 2030. Diabetes Care 27: 1047-1053, 2004.Google Scholar

  • 17. Dabney B, Gosschalk A. Diabetes in rural America. In: Rural Healthy People (eds. Gamm LD, Hutchison LL, Dabney BJ, Dorsey AM ), College Station, Texas, Texas A&M University System Health Science Center, School of Rural Public Health, Southwest Rural Health Research Center: pp. 109-111, 2010.Google Scholar

  • 18. Massey CN, Appel SJ, Buchanan KL, Cherrington AL. Improving diabetes care in rural communities: An overview of current initiatives and a call for renewed efforts. Clinical Diabetes 28: 20-27, 2010.Google Scholar

  • 19. International Diabetes Federation. IDF Diabetes Atlas, 2nd edn. Brussels, Belgium: International Diabetes Federation: 21, 2003. http://www.idf.org/sites/default/files/IDF_Diabetes_Atlas_2ndEd.pdfGoogle Scholar

  • 20. International Diabetes Federation. IDF Diabetes Atlas, 4th edn. Brussels, Belgium: International Diabetes Federation: 8, 2009. http://archive.diabetesatlas.org/sites/default/files/Figure%202.1_Diabetes%20per%20region_2010-2030.pdfGoogle Scholar

  • 21. International Diabetes Federation. IDF Diabetes Atlas, 2nd edn. Brussels, Belgium: International Diabetes Federation: 28-29, 2003. http://www.idf.org/sites/default/files/IDF_Diabetes_Atlas_2ndEd.pdfGoogle Scholar

  • 22. International Diabetes Federation. IDF Diabetes Atlas, 3rd edn. Brussels, Belgium: International Diabetes Federation, 2006. http://www.idf.org/sites/default/files/UN%20Resolution%20on%20World%20Diabetes%20Day%20of%20Dec%202006.pdf: 16, 2006Google Scholar

  • 23. Scholar

  • 24. SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study Group, Liese AD, D'Agostino RB Jr et al. The burden of diabetes mellitus among US youth: prevalence estimates from the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study. Pediatrics 118: 1510-1518, 2006.Google Scholar

  • 25. The writing Group for the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study Group, Dabelea D, Bell RA et al. Incidence of diabetes in youth in the United States. JAMA 297: 2716-2724, 2007.Google Scholar

  • 26. EURODIAB ACE Study Group. Variation and trends in incidence of childhood diabetes in Europe. Lancet 355: 873-876, 2000.Google Scholar

  • 27. Green A. The Eurodiab studies on childhood diabetes 1988-1999. Diabetologia 44: B1-B2, 2001Google Scholar

  • 28. Karvonen M, Viik-Kajander M, Moltchanova E, Libman I, LaPorte R, Tuomilehto J. Incidence of childhood type 1 diabetes worldwide. Diabetes Mondiale (DiaMond) Project Group. Diabetes Care 23: 1516-1526, 2000.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 29. http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/pdf/ndfs_2011.pdf: 4-5, 2011. http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/statistics/Google Scholar

  • 30. Patterson CC, Dahlquist GG, Gyürüs E, Green A, Soltész G, EURODIAB Study Group. Incidence trends for childhood type 1 diabetes in Europe during 1989-2003 and predicted new cases 2005-20: a multicentre prospective registration study. Lancet 373: 2027-2033, 2009.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 31. Harjutsalo V, Sjöberg L, Tuomilehto J. Time trends in the incidence of type 1 diabetes in Finnish children: a cohort study. Lancet 371: 1777-1782, 2008.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 32. Tîrgovişte CI, Lichiardopol R, Dobjanschi C, Guja C., Culman M., Bradescu O., Bojin A. Diabetul zaharat tip 2 ghid terapeutic pentru medicul de familie. Jurnalul Român de Diabet. Nutriţie şi Boli Metabolice 13: 220-245, 2006.Google Scholar

  • 33. http://www.who.int/diabetes/publications/en/screening_mnc03.pdf 34. World Health Organization. Causes of death 2008: data sources and methods. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2010.Google Scholar

  • 35. Roglic G, Unwin N. Mortality attributable to diabetes: estimates for the year 2010. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 87: 15-19, 2010.CrossrefWeb of SciencePubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 36. McEwen LN, Karter AJ, Curb JD, Marrero DG, Crosson JC, Herman WH. Temporal Trends in Recording of Diabetes on Death Certificates. Results from Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD). Diabetes Care 34: 1529-1533, 2011.CrossrefWeb of SciencePubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 37. Muggeo M, Zoppini G, Brun E, Bonora E, Verlato G. Mortality and its Predictors in Type 2 Diabetes. In: Diabetes in Old Age, Second Edition (eds. Sinclair AJ and Finucane P), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK: pp. 103-117, 2002.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2012-12-28

Published in Print: 2012-12-01

Citation Information: Romanian Journal of Diabetes Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases, Volume 19, Issue 4, Pages 433–440, ISSN (Online) 2284-6417, ISSN (Print) 2068-8245, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10255-012-0050-0.

Export Citation

This content is open access.

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Seble Worku, Awoke Derbie, Mulusew Alemneh Sinishaw, Yesuf Adem, and Fantahun Biadglegne
International Journal of Microbiology, 2017, Volume 2017, Page 1
Haddad A. El Rabey, Madeha N. Al-Seeni, and Amal S. Bakhashwain
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2017, Volume 2017, Page 1

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in