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Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine

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Illicit drugs and their impact on cardiovascular pathology

Elisabeta Bădilă
  • “Carol Davila” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania
  • “Floreasca” Emergency Clinical Hospital, Bucharest, Romania
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Mihaela Hostiuc
  • Corresponding author
  • “Carol Davila” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania
  • “Floreasca” Emergency Clinical Hospital, Bucharest, Romania
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Emma Weiss
  • “Carol Davila” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania
  • “Floreasca” Emergency Clinical Hospital, Bucharest, Romania
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Daniela Bartoş
  • “Carol Davila” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania
  • “Floreasca” Emergency Clinical Hospital, Bucharest, Romania
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2015-10-14 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/rjim-2015-0029


The use of illicit drugs has dramatically increased during the past years. Consequently, the number of presentations at the emergency departments due to the adverse effects of the illicit drugs has also increased. This review discusses the cardiovascular effects of cocaine, opiates and opioids, cannabinoids, amphetamines, methamphetamines and hallucinogens as we consider that it is essential for a clinician to be aware of them and understand their mechanisms in order to optimize the therapeutic management.

Utilizarea drogurilor a crescut alarmant în ultimii ani. Astfel că numărul de prezentări în cadrul departamentelor de primiri urgenţă datorate efectelor adverse ale acestora a crescut şi el. Acest articol tip review discută efectele asupra sistemului cardiovascular al cocainei, opioidelor, canabinoidelor, metamfetaminelor şi halucinogenelor deoarece clinicianul trebuie să le cunoască, să le înţeleagă mecanismul fiziopatologic pentru a îmbunătăţi abordarea terapeutică.

Keywords: illicit drugs; cocaine; cardiovascular effects


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About the article

Received: 2015-05-31

Published Online: 2015-10-14

Published in Print: 2015-09-01

Citation Information: Romanian Journal Of Internal Medicine, Volume 53, Issue 3, Pages 218–225, ISSN (Online) 1220-4749, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/rjim-2015-0029.

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© 2015 Elisabeta Bădilă et al., published by De Gruyter Open. This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Public License. BY 4.0

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