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Review of Law & Economics

Editor-in-Chief: Parisi, Francesco / Engel, Christoph

Ed. by Cooter, Robert D. / Gómez Pomar, Fernando / Kornhauser, Lewis A. / Parchomovsky, Gideon / Franzoni, Luigi Alberto

CiteScore 2018: 0.32

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.274
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.493

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Volume 8, Issue 2


Is There A Piracy Kuznets Curve?

Sana El Harbi / Gilles Grolleau / Insaf Bekir
Published Online: 2012-10-31 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/1555-5879.1527


We investigate empirically the relationship between software piracy and GDP per capita by considering non-linear effects. We use a panel data analysis for 100 countries over a period of 15 years. We remedy several previous econometric and methodological shortcomings and show that piracy follows a Kuznets-like curve. Concretely, piracy first increases with the level of GDP per capita, reaches a maximum, and then decreases at higher levels of income. Making people richer can be the best way to decrease piracy over the long-term horizon. Intellectual property rights holders should not aim for a decrease of piracy per se, but rather a decrease of piracy in those circumstances where it is most likely to be substituted by legal sales. Economic growth can generate by itself incentives to curb piracy.

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Published Online: 2012-10-31

Citation Information: Review of Law & Economics, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 433–456, ISSN (Online) 1555-5879, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/1555-5879.1527.

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©2012 Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

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