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Review of Middle East Economics and Finance

Ed. by Dibeh, Ghassan / Assaf, Ata / Cobham, David / Hakimian, Hassan / Henry, Clement M.

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Volume 9, Issue 2

The Impact of Financial Development on the Relationship between Trade Credit, Bank Credit, and Firm Characteristics: A Study on Firm-Level Data from Six MENA Countries

Jézabel Couppey-Soubeyran / Jérôme Héricourt
  • EQUIPPE-Universités de Lille, Lille, Centre d’Economie de la Sorbonne – Université de Paris 1 and CEPII, Paris, France
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Published Online: 2013-08-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/rmeef-2012-0048


Using a database of more than 1,300 firms from six countries in the MENA region, we study the impact of financial development on the relationship between trade credit on the one hand and bank credit access and firm-level characteristics, especially financial health, on the other hand. Trade credit use increases with the difficulty for gaining access to bank credit, and indicators of the quality of the firm’s financial structure negatively influence the use of trade credit. Additional investigations tend to suggest that increased financial development significantly reduces the substitution relationship between trade credit and bank credit and more generally decreases the influence of most firm-level determinants for trade credit usage. These results are plausibly explained by a demand-driven story: when bank credit access gets increasingly difficult, or when financial health deteriorates, the demand for trade credit increases. Similarly, when financial development increases, firms have better access to bank credit, and impact of this variable (or financial health proxies) on the demand for trade credit becomes less or not significant.

Keywords: trade credit; bank credit; financial constraints; financial development


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About the article

Published Online: 2013-08-30

Citation Information: Review of Middle East Economics and Finance, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 197–239, ISSN (Online) 1475-3685, ISSN (Print) 1475-3685, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/rmeef-2012-0048.

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