Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Review of Middle East Economics and Finance

Ed. by Dibeh, Ghassan / Assaf, Ata / Cobham, David / Hakimian, Hassan / Henry, Clement M.

Online
ISSN
1475-3693
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Explaining Gender Differences in Socioeconomic and Political Objectives in the Middle East

Fengyu WuORCID iD: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7017-5381 / Jeffrey B. Nugent
Published Online: 2018-05-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/rmeef-2017-0031

Abstract

The purpose of this article is identify and explain gender differences in eight important socioeconomic attitudes and political priorities among randomized samples of both males and females in 21 countries of the broadly defined Middle East. The attitudes and political priorities examined include the low status of women, lack of democracy, absence of a competitive private sector, income inequality and reliance on the military. In each case decomposition methods are used to divide these differences into those due to differences in the underlying characteristics of males and females and those due to differences in the effect of those characteristics

Keywords: socioeconomic values; economic policy preferences; gender differences; decomposing gender differences; Arab and Non Arab Countries of the Middle East

References

  • Abdul-Latif, R., and L. Serpe (2010). The Status of Women in the Middle East and North Africa: A Grassroots Research and Advocacy Approach: Preliminary Findings from Surveys in Lebanon and Morocco. In WAPOR Conference, International Foundation for Electoral Systems, 19 May 2010.Google Scholar

  • Al-Azzawi, S., and M. Gouda 2016. Do Muslims Understand Democracy? an Empirical Investigation, American Economic and Middle East Economic Associations, January 8, 2017.Google Scholar

  • Arampatzi, E., M. Burger, E. Ianchovichaina, T. Rohricht, and R. Veenhoven 2015. Unhappy Development: Dissatisfaction with Life in the Wake of the Arab Spring. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7488.Google Scholar

  • Bauer, T.K., and M. Sinning. 2008. An Extension of the Blinder–Oaxaca Decomposition to Nonlinear Models. AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis, 92(2), pp.197-206.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Barro, R.J., and R.M. McCleary. 2003. “Religion and Economic Growth across Countries.” American Sociological Review 68 (5): 760–781.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Ben Afia, N., and S. Harbi. 2017. “Empirical Analysis of the Relationship between Military Endeavor, Economic Growth and Happiness.” Journal of Economic Development 42 (2):51–66.Google Scholar

  • Blinder, A.S. 1973 (8 (4)) 426-455. “Wage Discrimination: Reduced Form and Structural Estimates.” Journal of Human Resources 8 (4): 436–455.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Cammett, M., and N. Salti 2016. Popular Grievances and Perceptions of Socioeconomic Conditions in the Arab Region Prior to the Uprisings. Economic Research Forum Working Paper No. 1006Google Scholar

  • Campante, F., and D. Chor. 2011. The People Want the Fall of the Regime: Schooling, Political Protest and the Economy, HKS Faculty Research Working Paper 11-018.Google Scholar

  • Cooray, A., and N. Potrafke. 2011. “Gender Inequality in Education, Political Institutions or Culture and Religion.” European Journal of Political Economy 27 (2):268–280.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Davis, N.J., and R.V. Robinson. 2006. “The Egalitarian Face of Islamic Orthodoxy: Support for Islamic Law and Economic Justice in Seven Muslim Majority Nations.” American Sociological Review 71 (April):167–190.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Dimova, R., and K. Stephan (2016). Inequality of Opportunity and Inequal Opportunities in the Youth Labor Market: How Is the Arab World Different? ILO Technical Brief (4 November) Work4youth.Google Scholar

  • Diwan, I. 2013. “Understanding Revolution in the Middle East: The Central Role of the Middle Class.” Middle East Development Journal 5 (1):1–30.Google Scholar

  • Emara, N.M.F. 2014. “Income Elasticity and the Gender Gap: A Challenging MDG for the MENA Countries.” Review of Middle East Economics and Finance 10 (3):263–291.Google Scholar

  • Gouda, M., and N. Potrafke. forthcoming. “Gender Equality in Muslim Majority Countries.” Economic Systems.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Guiso, L., P. Sapienza, and L. Zingales. 2003. “People’s Opium? Religion and Economic Attitudes”.” Journal of Monetary Economics 50:225–283.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Henry, C.M., and R. Springborg. 2001. Globalization and the Politics of Development in the Middle East. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Huntington, S.P. 1996. The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order. New York: Simon and Schuster.Google Scholar

  • Huntington, S.P. 1991. The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.Google Scholar

  • Kedourie, E. 1994. Democracy and the Arab Political Culture. London: Frank Cass.Google Scholar

  • Kostenko, V.V., P.A. Kuzmuchev, and E.D. Ponarin 2015. Attitudes Towards Gender Equality and Perception of Democracy in the Arab World. Democratization. .CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Majbouri, M. forthcoming. “Oil, Laws, and Female Labor Force Participation.” International Advances in Economic Research.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Nabli, M.K. 2007. Breaking the Barriers to Higher Economic Growth. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.Google Scholar

  • Nugent, J.B., M. Switek, and F. Wu. 2016. “Socio-Political Attitudes across the World: To What Extent are They Affected by One’s Religion, Its Importance, Majority Status and Relative Income?” Middle East Development Journal 5 (2): 291–328.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Oaxaca, R. 1973 . “Male-Female Wage Differentials in Urban Labor Markets.” International Economic Review 14 (3): 693– 709.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Potrafke, N., and H. Ursprung. 2012. “Globalization and Gender Equality in the Course of Development.” European Journal of Political Economy 28 (4):399–413.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Ross, M.L. 2008. “Oil, Islam and Women.” American Political Science Review 102 (1):107–123.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Ross, M.L. 2012. The Oil Curse: How Petroleum Wealth Shapes the Development of Nations. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar

  • Rowley, C.K., and N. Smith. 2009. “Islam’s Democracy Paradox: Muslims Claim to like Democracy, so Why do They Have so Little?” Public Choice 139 (3):273–299.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Tessler, M. 2002. “Islam and Democracy in the Middle East: The Impact of Religious Orientations on Attitudes toward Democracy in Four Arab Countries.” Comparative Politics 34 (April):337–354.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Tessler, M. 2004. “Arab and Muslim Political Attitudes: Stereotypes and Evidence from Survey Research.” International Studies Perspectives 4 (2):175–181.Google Scholar

  • Tessler, M. 2015a. Islam and Politics in the Middle East. Explaining the Views of Ordinary Citizens. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar

  • Tessler, M. 2015b Mapping and Explaining Attitudes toward Political Islam among Ordinary Citizens in the Middle East and North Africa, Economic Research Forum. Working Paper no. 902Google Scholar

  • World Bank. 2008. The MENA Development Report: The Road Not Taken. Washington D.C.: The World Bank.Google Scholar

  • World Bank. 2014. Women, Business and the Law. London: Bloomsbury.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2018-05-01


Citation Information: Review of Middle East Economics and Finance, Volume 14, Issue 1, 20170031, ISSN (Online) 1475-3693, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/rmeef-2017-0031.

Export Citation

© 2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in